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ADAPTATION

OF
PLANTS
ADAPTATION OF PLANTS
AND
ANDANIMALS
ANIMALS
What is a HABITAT ?
The area where a particular organism
live
is called its HABITAT .
What is ADAPTATION ?
Changes in the structure or behavior
of
an organism to survive in a particular
habitat is called ADAPTATION .

ADAPTATION
ADAPTATION OF
OF
DESERT
DESERT PLANTS
PLANTS
1. AGAVE
Their leaves have fleshy tissue and waxy coatings
that help store water . The leaves of the agaves
serve as a storehouse for resources . They have

deep tap roots that reach for deeper water as well.


2 . OCOTILLO
It is a leaf less plant . It is drought tolerant
shrub .
The leaves grow when there is rainfall and fall off
when the water is scarce .

ADAPTATION
OF
ADAPTATION OF
POLAR
POLARPLANTS
PLANTS
1 . PURPLE SAXIFRAGE

They grow close to the ground and close


together, helping them to resist the effects of cold

weather , and reduce damage caused by


snow and ice particles driven by the cold winds .
2 . POLAR POPPY

Some plants have cup-shaped flowers that


face up to the sun, so the sun's rays are directed

towards the centre of the flower. These


plants
stay warmer than the air around them .

Polar region
plants

Desert plants

Purple saxifrage

Agave

Polar poppy

Ocotillo

ADAPTATION
ADAPTATIONOF
OF
DESERT
ANIMALS
DESERT ANIMALS
1 . THORNY DEVIL
They are almost completely inactive during the
Hottest summer months and the coldest winter
months when they take refuge in underground
burrows . There are hygroscopic grooves between
their thorns .
2 . ROADRUNNER
It is a survivor, and a successful predator in desert
conditions, where food is often scarce . During the
extreme high temperatures of the desert It is able to
vibrate its throat lining, and send moist air from within
itself, to encourage the rate of evaporation, and
consequently increase the rate of cooling. its high
speed helps it from running away from predators.

ADAPTATION
ADAPTATIONOF
OF
POLAR
ANIMALS
POLAR ANIMALS
1 . ARCTIC WOLF
Arctic wolves have proportionally smaller ears. This means
that there is less surface area to lose heat Thick camouflaged
seasonal fur to keep themselves warm . Thick layer of body
fat - for insulation and food storage to help survive the winter
when food supply may be intermittent.FUR on paws for a
better grip on slippery surfaces.
2 . SEALS
All seals are covered in a layer of blubber, a thick layer of fat
found Between the muscle and the skin it helps reduce drag of
body .Seals eyes are large and adapted to life in the water, with
a surface (cornea) that is specially strengthened . Seals have
slits for nostrils that naturally close under water and they shut
even tighter with increased water pressure .

Polar animals

Desert animals

Arctic wolf

Thorny devil

Seals

Roadrunner

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