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25 visualizzazioni40 pagineFractions Form 1- Chapter 3

Mar 12, 2016

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Fractions Form 1- Chapter 3

© All Rights Reserved

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25 visualizzazioni40 pagineFractions Form 1- Chapter 3

© All Rights Reserved

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Index

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Examples

Need of Fractions

Parts of Fractions

Example

Types of Fractions-

7.

Operations of Fractions

Addition

Subtraction

Multiplication

Division

8.

Comparison

Fractions

Mixed Fractions

Like Fractions & Unlike

Fractions

Equivalent Fractions

than

How does the Denominator

controls the Fraction

How does the Denominator

controls the Fraction

Fractions are for counting part of something.

Loosely speaking, a fraction is a quantity that cannot be

represented by a whole number.

A fraction (from the Latin fractus, broken) is a number that

can represent part of a whole. The earliest fractions were

reciprocals of integers: ancient symbols representing one part

of two, one part of three, one part of four, and so on. A much

later development were the common or "vulgar" fractions

which are still used today (, , , etc.)

Examples

/60

55

/8

/12

11

/12

1 2/10

Need Of Fractions?

Consider the following scenario.

Can you finish the whole cake?

If not, how many cakes did you eat?

1 is not the answer, neither is 0.

This suggest that we need a new

kind of number i.e. Fraction.

Parts Of Fractions?

The denominator tells us how

many congruent pieces the whole is

divided into, thus this number cannot

be 0. (b)

a

b

such pieces are being considered. (a)

Im the NUMERATOR.

I tell you the number of parts

Im the DENOMINATOR.

I tell you the name of part

Example

How much of a pizza do we have below?

The blue circle is our whole.

if we divide the whole into 8 congruent pieces,

- the denominator would be 8.

We can see that we have 7 of these pieces.

Therefore the numerator is 7, and we

have

7 of a pizza.

8

Types Of Fractions

Proper

Properfractions

fractions

&&

Improper

ImproperFractions

Fractions

Like

LikeFractions

Fractions

&&

Unlike

UnlikeFractions

Fractions

Mixed

MixedFractions

Fractions

Equivalent

Equivalent

Fractions

Fractions

Unit

UnitFractions

Fractions

&&

Whole

WholeFractions

Fractions

In

InProper

ProperFractions

Fractionsthe

the

numerator

numeratorisisless

lessthan

thanthe

the

denominator.

denominator.

E.g..

1/2

ImBigger

E.g..

1/2,3/4

,3/4,2/7

,2/7etc.

etc.

7

4

Im Smaller

1

4

In

InImproper

ImproperFractions

Fractionsthe

the

numerator

numeratorisisgreater

greaterthan

than(or

(or

equal

equalto)

to)the

thedenominator.

denominator.

E.g.

E.g.4/2

4/2,9/5

,9/5,6/6

,6/6etc.

etc.

Every

Everywhole

wholeno

noisisImproper

Improper

Fraction

Fraction

E.g.

E.g.24

24==24/1

24/1

Mixed Fractions

In Mixed Fractions a whole number

and a proper fraction are together.

E.g.. 2 1/4, 16 2/5 etc.

Mixed Fractions and Improper

Fractions are same.

amount.

7/8

Conversion

Improper Fraction to Mixed Fraction

8

divide the numerator by the denominator the

quotient is the leading number, the remainder as

the new numerator.

9

1

= 1

8

8

Mixed Fraction to Improper Fraction

multiply the whole number with the denominator

and add the numerator to it. The answer is the

numerator and the denominator is same

3 2 7 3 17

2

7

7

7

1

9

8

1

In Like Fractions the denominators of

the Fractions are same

of the Fractions are different.

Whole Fractions

In Unit Fractions the

numerator of the

Fraction is 1.

denominators of the Fraction is

1.

Fractions

Simplify all the Fractions.

Find LCM of all the Denominators.

Multiply all the fractions with a special form of 1

to get 84 (here). Now these are Like Fractions.

2 2 3 7 = 84

2 2 3 7 = 84

3

4

5

3

4

7

= 63

113

48

,

,

84 84 84

2

2

3

7

4,3,7

2,3,7

1,3,7

1,1,7

1,1,1

Equivalent Fractions

They are the fractions that may have many different

appearances, but are same.

In the following picture we have of a cake as the

cake is divided into two congruent parts and we have

only one of those parts.

But if we cut the cake into smaller congruent

pieces, we can see that

= 2/4 = 4/8 = 3/6

Equivalent Fractions

Equivalent we must simplify (change to its lowest

term) them.

Simplify: A fraction is in its lowest terms (or is

reduced) if we cannot find a whole number (other

than 1) that can divide into both its numerator and

denominator.

E.g.- 5 : 5 & 10 can be divided by 5. 5 1

10

10 2

Example

Are 14 & 30 equal ?

21

45

14

21

2 = 2

3 3

reduce

14 7 2

21 7 3

14 = 30

21

45

30

45

reduce

30 15 2

45 15 3

Fraction with a special form of 1 (same numerator &

denominator- 4/4, 10/10 etc.)

E.g. : 4 = 4 5 = 20

5

5 5

25

Operations Of Fractions

Addition

Addition

Subtraction

Subtraction

Division

Division

Multiplication

Multiplication

Addition Of Fractions

Things To Know !!!!

Simplifying

Like and Unlike Fractions

Like fractions are Compulsory to add.

If there are Unlike Fractions then convert them to like

fractions.

The Denominator should not be added.

Always change Improper fraction to a mixed

fraction.

Adding Fractions

sets

The objects must be of the same type, i.e. we

combine bundles with bundles and sticks with sticks.

In fractions, we can only combine pieces of the

same size. In other words, the denominators must be

the same.

Same Denominators

+

1

2

+

3

=

1

=

6

6

6

2

Add the numerator

and

leave the denominator as it is.

Different Denominators

If there are different denominators in the

fractions, then we change them to like

fractions.

3 5

2

6

5

1

5 15

3 15

1 2 5

6 11

3 5 15 15 15

Improper Fractions and then to

Like Fractions.

At last add the Improper Like

Fractions.

Dont forget to change the

answer to Mixed Fraction again.

Subtraction Of Fractions

Things To Know !!!!

Simplifying

Like and Unlike Fractions

Like fractions are Compulsory to subtract.

If there are Unlike Fractions then convert them to like

fractions.

The Denominator should not be subtracted.

Always change Improper fraction to a mixed

fraction.

The numerator can be negative.

Subtracting Fractions

The objects must be of the same type, i.e. we

can only take away apples from a group of

apples.

In fractions, we can only take away pieces of

the same size.

In other words, the denominators must be

the same.

Same Denominators

2

=

1

=

6

6

6

3

Subtract the numerator

and

leave the denominator as it is.

Different Denominators

If there are different denominators in the

fractions, then we change them to like

fractions.

2

2 10

3 15

2

5

2 2 10 6 4

3 5 15 15 15

2

6

5 15

Improper Fractions and then to

Like Fractions.

At last subtract the Improper

Like Fractions.

Dont forget to change the

answer to Mixed Fraction again.

Multiplication Of Fractions

Things To Know !!!!

Simplifying

The Denominator are always multiplied.

Of : Of means multiply. E.g. : of 2 = 2 = 1

Product of two Proper Fractions is always less than both of them.

Product of two Improper Fractions is always greater than both of

them.

Product of one Improper Fraction and one Proper

Fraction is always less than the Improper Fraction

and greater than the Proper Fraction.

Multiplying Fractions

numerators and the Denominators separately.

23

=

6

=

42

3

=

Improper Fractions.

Then multiply the Improper

Fraction.

Dont forget to change the

answer to Mixed Fraction again.

Addition Of Fractions

Things To Know !!!!

Simplifying

Multiplication

Always change Improper fraction to a mixed fraction.

Reciprocal: The inverse of fraction

E.g. 2/3 = 3/2 = 1 , 2 = 5/2 = 2/5

Dividing Fractions

with its Reciprocal.

Then Multiply the Reciprocal with the First

Fraction.

2

25

=

10

=

44

5

=

16

Improper Fractions.

Then Multiply the Improper

Fraction.

Dont forget to change the

answer to Mixed Fraction again.

Comparison

Comparison

How does the Denominator controls the Fraction

How does the Numerator controls the Fraction

Change the Fractions to Like Fractions.

The fraction with greater numerator is bigger

than the other one.

If the Numerators are same, then the Fraction

with smallest Denominator is the Biggest.

2

3

&

10

=

15

>

9

15

controls the Fraction

Denominator represents the total number of pieces.

If we share a Pizza with 2 people, we get of pizza.

If we share a Pizza with 4 people, we get of pizza.

If we share a Pizza with 8 people, we get 1/8 of pizza.

Conclusion:

The larger the denominator the smaller the pieces, and

if the numerator is kept fixed, the larger the

denominator the smaller the fraction,

the Fraction

Numerator represents the number of pieces.

If we share a Pizza with 16 people, we get 1/16 of pizza.

If we share a Pizza with 13 people, we get 3/16 of pizza.

If we share a Pizza with 5 people, we get 5/16 of pizza.

Conclusion :

When the numerator gets larger we have more pieces.

And if the denominator is kept fixed, the larger numerator

makes a bigger fraction.

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