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V Definition

V ATM standard
V ATM network
V ATM interfaces
V ATM cell
V ATM Adaptation layer(AAL)

to be contd...
V ATM Application

V ATM Services Categories

V ATM advatages
V ATM advantages
V ATM challenges
V References
@ Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is a
technology that has the potential of
revolutionizing data communications and

? ATM is a packet switching.

V Low-level network layer
V Single transport mechanism
V Streamlined protocol
V jTU-T j.361
² Defines the ATM Layer functions.
V jTU-T j.363
² Defines the ATM Adaptation Layer-
V jTU-T j.610
² Defines the ATM Operation and
Maintenance (OAM) functiow
1) User-to-Network jnterface (UNj)
2) Network-to-Network jnterface (NNj)
3) jnter-Carrier jnterface (jCj)
1. ( 

² < ists between a single end user and a public ATM network.


² < ists between switches in a single public ATM network.


² jt is located between two public ATM networks
V  ww
² Úchannel that provides transportation of ATM cells
between two or more endpoints for information transfer.

² jt is a group of Virtual Channels that are carried on the
same physical facility and share the same Virtual Path

jdentifier (VPj) value.

V Small size, may reduce queuing delay of high
priority cells
V Fi ed size, more efficient switching



² defined across the UNj
² flow across the UNj
² intended to control the traffic
² 4 bits must be set to 0's.
(jj) Vë 
² routing field for network
² an 8-bit field for the UNj and a 12-bit field
for the NNj, is used to identify virtual paths.


²16-bit field is used to identify a virtual channel
² For idle cells, the VCj is set to all 0's.
÷ ˜   

²three bits of the PTj
÷   ˜ ˜
²The 1-bit CLP field
²used for e plicit indication of the priority of the
÷ 9     9
²8-bit fieldjt capable of detecting all single-bit
errors and some multiple-bit errors.
ATM Applications
ATM Service Categories
V i  
²Constant bit rate ± uncompressed audio/video info
Videoconferencing, TV, pay-per-view, VOD, etc.


²Available bit rate ± bursty apps requiring reliable end-
to-end connection
e.g. LAN, router-to-router reliability
ATM Advantages
V (  
² Mi ed traffic types, real-time and non-real-
V O  


V O     
ATM challenges
V jn-network mu /buffering can lead to cell
delay or loss
V Many types of traffic
V Large geographic distribution

÷ Amos <. Joel, Jr., Ú   
(j<<< Press, 1993)
÷  roadband jSDN and ATM. http://world-