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By: Arjun

Shetty

INTRODUCTION
Essar Steel is one of India's largest exporters of flat

products, exporting to the highly demanding US


and European markets, and to the growing markets
of South East Asia and the Middle East.
Versatile manufacturer , capable of producing
customized products.
One of the India's largest HRC producers and
exporter of HRC to discerning customers in all
corners of the globe.
A number of companies like the Caterpillar,
Hyundai, the Konkan Railway, and Maruti Suzuki
use this steel.

H ISTO RY
The name of Essar is derived from the first letter

of the two brothers Shashi and 'Ravi S as ESS


& R as AR.
The Essar Group was founded in 1969 by brothers
Shri Shashi Ruia and Shri Ravi Ruia.
The steelmaking business was started by setting
up Indias first sponge iron plant in Hazira.
Construction business helped, building the most
of its business assets.

PRO D U CTIO N O F STEEL


IRON ORE PROCESSING: Iron ore is got from the mines of Baliadila in Madhya

Pradesh.
Raw materials are screened to remove the fines
size of max 50 50 mm
The fines of the iron ore are sent to high grade
palletizing plant at Vizag.
Crushing of Iron ore
It is screened from the fines before
charging for the production of
HBI/DRI.

FLOWCHART:
Iron oreBaliadila, MP
Pelletization
Plant- Vizag
ESSAR Steel
-Hazira
Fine
size
PELLETISIN
G

Right Size

HBI Plant
DRI

HBI

Big
size
CRUSHING

Steel Making Process


Depending upon the quality of the steel required a

particular ratio of raw iron ore and the pellets


approximately 60:40 or 70:30 are charged in to the
hopper of the vertical shaft furnace.
Melting process.
Refined and alloy additions in the ladle furnace are
made.
Casting of the hot metal as slabs at casters .
Metallic iron, HBI, Steel scrap and Hot
DRI are fed in to the Electric arc furnace
as raw material.
The capacity of EAF is maximum 150 ton.
The arc is struck between the graphite
Cathode and the liquid steel.

Ladle Refining Furnace.


Three graphite electrode are immersed in to the

furnace to maintain the temperature and argon gas


is purged from the bottom to prevent the re
-oxidation of the steel.
Vacuum de-gassing.
Two continuous casters are present.
Molten steel passes through the oscillating copper
mould, which is coated with nickel. Finally a slab is
formed.

PELLETS VISHAKAPATNAM

IRON-ORE,
BAILADILA

HBI PLANT
MELTING
ADDITIONS TO LADDLE
FURNACE
CASTING
LADDLE REFINING
FURNACE
VACUUM DEGASSING
LUBRICATING
FORMATION OF
SLAB
STEEL

DISPATCH TO
EXPORT CUSTOMERS

DISPATCH TO
DOMESTIC
CUSTOMERS

MATERIAL MANAGEMENT
The goal of material management is to efficiently

handle the core services.


Creates truck deliveries and service vehicle routes.
Large component of material management is
ensuring the meet of minimum requirements by
performing quality assurance.
Parts and materials are tested, for ensuring no
disrupt in the supply chain.
Uses the Just-in-time , wherein the shipping of
materials from purchasing agent to warehouse to
the place of destination.
Uses an effective materials management plan for
producing an environmentally responsible and
efficient outcome.

PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT
Rejected
materials

Receiving
of
materials

Warehouse

Inspectio
n

Weighing of
materials

Vendor

Is the
quality
matching

STOCKING
The range of items and materials-STOCK is huge.
They ensure the availability of right type of items

for production, sale and distribution.


Maintains records of the items moving in and out
of the store.
Other Business:
Energy
Power
Communications
Shipping ports

CONCLUSION
Essar group carries out the operations efficiently.
Producing a greater capacity of steel.
Proper stocking of the materials .
Material handling is efficiently carried out.

BIBLIO G RAPH Y
www.essarsteel.com
www.wikipedia.org

TH AN K YO U