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ANTI URBANISM &

PICTURESQUE

t.v.pradeepa priyadharsini
510311251008

ANTI URBANISM

Anti-Urbanism A discourse of fear of the city, produced and reproduced


through a variety of negative literary, artistic, media, cinematic, and
photographic representations of urban places.
Anti-urbanism is best defined as a discourse of fear of the city, and
something fuelled by the impact of images of urban dystopia we see in a
variety of media, cinematic,
literary, artistic, photographic and in the case of the representations of
urban places.
It is a discourse that has been around for a long time, in conjunction with the
emergence of the industrial city, and often constructed in relation to the
good city of the ancient
Greeks, and especially the perceived virtues of rural life. Anti-urbanism is
particularly advanced in the United States in a variety of guises, from the
celebration of rural small-town kinship and community to the fact that Los
Angeles has been completely destroyed.

CITY BEAUTIFUL & PICTURESQUE MOVEMENTS


Drawing influences from English landscape and gardening Olmsteds principles
of design, generally speaking, encourage the full utilization of the naturally
occurring features of a given space, its genius; the subordination of individual
details to the whole so that decorative elements do not take precedence, but
rather the whole space; concealment of design, design that does not call
attention to itself; design which works on the unconscious to produce
relaxation; and utility or purpose over ornamentation.
A bridge, a pathway, a tree, a pasture: any and all elements are brought
together to produce a particular effect.

Olmsted designed primarily in the pastoral and picturesque styles, each to


achieve a particular effect.
The pastoral style featured vast expanses of green with small lakes, trees and
groves and produced a soothing, restorative effect on the viewer.
The picturesque style covered rocky, broken terrain with teeming shrubs and
creepers and struck the viewer with a sense of natures richness.
The picturesque style played with light and shade to lend the landscape a sense
of mystery.
Scenery was designed to enhance the sense of space: indistinct boundaries
using plants, brush and trees as opposed to sharp ones; interplay of light and
shadow close up and blurred detail further away.

A vast expanse of greenery at the end of which lies a grove of yellow poplar; a
path that winds through a bit of landscape and intersects with others, dividing
the terrain into triangular islands of successive new views.
Subordination strives to use all objects and features in the service of the design
and its intended effect.
It can be seen in the subtle use of naturally occurring plants throughout the
park.
Non-native species planted for the sake of their own uniqueness defeat the
purpose of design, as that very uniqueness draws attention to itself where the
intention is to enable relaxation: utility above all else.
Separation applies to areas designed in different styles and different uses
enhancing safety and reducing distraction.
A key feature of Central Park is the use of sunken roadways which traverse the
park and are specifically dedicated to vehicles as opposed to winding paths
designated specifically for pedestrians.

Olmsteds Park
Design Principles
1.SCENERY: design spaces in which
movement creates constant opening up of
new views and obscurity of detail further
away
2.SUITABILITY: respect the natural scenery
and topography of the site
3.STYLE:
Pastoral = open greensward with small
bodies of water and scattered trees and
groves create a soothing, restorative
atmosphere

Picturesque = profuse planting, especially with shrubs, creepers and ground


cover, on steep and broken terrain create a sense of the richness and
bounteousness of nature, produce a sense of mystery with light and shade
1.SUBORDINATION: subordinate all elements to the overall design and the effect it
is intended to achieve: Art to conceal Art
2.SEPARATION:
of areas designed in different styles
of ways, in order to insure safety of use and reduce distractions
of conflicting or incompatible uses
3.SANITATION: promote both the physical and mental health of users
4.SERVICE: meet fundamental social and psychological needs