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Test Plan Automation for Power

Transformer Protective Relay


Commissioning
Author:
Mark Allen
Milton Quinteros
Hussain Al Marhoon
Nagendrakumar Beeravolu

Agenda
Objectives
Background
Power Transformer Standard
General Design
Relay I/O
Test Switches

Test-Tool
Program
Examples

Conclusions
Questions

Objectives
Implementation of a computer
automated Test-Tool program to
reduce cost, increase efficiency,
improve quality.
Integration Services to provide for
User Interface and Data Transfer
capability.
Reporting Services to ensure
Auditability and meet Regulatory
Requirements.
Learning Tool for Users.

Background
Electric Utilities often create numerous multioption standard relay designs and associated
relay setting templates for various relay
protection schemes, which include:
Transmission Line Protection
Breaker Control including Breaker Failure
Protection, Reclosing, and Synchronism Check
Bus Protection
Autotransformer Protection
Power Transformer Protection
Capacitor Bank Protection
MV Breaker Protection

Background
Standard relay designs and associated relay setting
templates schemes can be complicated involving
numerous microprocessor based relay functions,
and relay inputs and outputs.
As such, to properly test these multifunction relay
schemes detailed knowledge of the design and
in particular relay setting functionality is required.
This results in a requirement for a sophisticated
relay test plan to ensure that all applicable relay
functions are properly tested.

Objectives of Substation Relay Testing


Ensure relays meet the requirements of the intended
relay function within manufacturers published
tolerances based on initial conditions and input logic.
Operate (Trip) inside the relay function protection zone .
Not Operate (Not Trip) outside of the relay function protection
zone.

Gain familiarity with the relay functionality, and


applications, and associated settings.
The test procedures are not necessarily focused on
relay performance as a lab test might be.
Instead they are focused on a simple pass or fail test to
determine whether or not the relay should be placed
into service.
Relay testing is a regulatory requirement.
The test results need to be auditable.

Motivation to Create an Excel Test Tool


Relay settings are the basis for the Test Plan.
With standardized relay settings, standardized
relay test plans are logically required.
Manually transferring numerous multifunction
relay settings to a relay test plan are time
consuming and can lead to errors.
As such, it would be beneficial to automate
the transfer of data.

Relay Standard Design to be Tested


Power Transformer schemes with a
low side. main breaker.
Power Transformer schemes with no
low side main breaker.
Description of I/O in the design.
Application of Test Switches.
List of possible tests based on the
Standard.

Standard Transformer Protection Scheme One-line

Transformer Protection with No-Main Circuit


Breaker

Example of Relay Analog Inputs

Winding
1
3 Phase
AC
Currents

Winding
2
3 Phase
AC
Currents

3 Phase
AC
Voltages

DC
Power
Supply

DC Input/Output & Relay Contacts

Relay DC INPUTS
Input
Definitions:
IN101
IN102
IN103
IN104
IN105
IN106
IN201
IN202
IN203
IN204
IN205
IN206
IN207
IN208

XFMR63SPROPERATEEVENTTRIGGR
DIFFERENTIALENABLE,87CO1NORMAL
XFMR63SUDDENPRESSURERELAY#1OPERATION
XFMR63SUDDENPRESSURERELAY#2OPERATION
BFICIRCUITSWITCHERXXXX1
CLOSEDSTATUSCIRCUITSWITCHERXXXX1
CLOSEDSTATUSMOSJXXX
OPENSTATUSMOSJXXX
CLOSEDSTATUSMAINBREAKERGXXX
TRIPMONITORCIRCUITSWITCHERXXXX1
DCMONITORC.S.XXXX1SUPV.TRIP
DCMONITORC.S.XXXX1PROT.TRIP
TRIPMONITORMOSJXXX
DCMONITORMOSJXXX

Relay DC OUTPUTS
Output logic:
OUT101

OUT102

OUT103

OUT104

OUT105

OUT106

OUT107

OUT201

TRIP1
TRANSFORMERDIFFERENTIALTRIP
TRIP2
TRANSFORMERO/CTRIP
S1LT1+S1LT2
TRANSFORMERDIFFERENTIALTRIPALARM(RTU)
S1LT3
TRANSFORMERO/CTRIPALARM(RTU)
0
TRANSFORMERDIFFRELAYTESTCONTACT
S1LT4+S3LT7+!SG1+ISQTAL+RB14+RB16
PRI.XFMRDIFFRELAYSYSTEMALARM(RTU)
IN102*!RB16
PRI.XFMRDIFFPROT.ENABLEDSTATUS(RTU)
TRIP1+TRIP2
TRIPMOSJXXX

OUT202

OUT203

OUT204

OUT205

OUT206

OUT207

OUT208

OUT209

OUT210

OUT211

OUT212

TRIP1+TRIP2
TRIPCIRCUITSWITCHERXXXX1
TRIP1+TRIP2
TRIPMAINBREAKERGXXX
S3V4T*50P13
CIRCUITSW.FAILUREBUSDIFFERENTIALTRIP
S3LT4
CIRCUITSWITCHERFAILUREALARM(RTU)
!IN206+!IN208+S3V2T+!IN205+S3LT6+S3LT3
RELAYEXT.SYSTEMFAILUREALARM(RTU)
0
Spare
0
Spare
0
Spare
0
Spare
0
Spare
0
Spare

Test Switch Connections


One Test Switch

Two Test Switches

Substation Relay Panels

List of Relay Test Routines

Calibration Test
V-I Winding Test
Restrained Differential Trip/Alarm Test (87R Pickup)
Differential Slope Test (87R Pickup)
Differential Harmonic Restraint Test (87R Pickup)
Circuit Switcher Fail Test
High Speed Bus Trip/Block Test (No-main breaker schemes)
Unrestrained Differential Pickup Level Test (87U Pickup)
High Side Time-OC Plot Test (51P)
High Side Time-OC Trip/Alarm Test
Instantaneous OC Trip/Alarm Test
Double Circuit Feeder Fault Time-OC Plot Test (No-main breaker schemes)
Ground Time-Overcurrent (51N)
Ground Time-OC Trip/Alarm Test (51N)
Restricted Earth Fault (If available)
Feeder Breaker Failure (No-main breaker schemes)
Alarm SPR and OIL Level Test
Differential Protection Enable Test
Differential System Fail Alarm Test
Relay Ext. System Failure Alarm Test (No-main breaker schemes).

Excel Relay Test-Tool

Excel Relay Test-Tool


It is an Excel Macro-enabled file that contains
subroutines and excel functions that allow for
user interface and data transfer functionality.
The Excel file imports the relay settings from the
viewable document.
The calculations of the variables needed for each
test are based on the Relay Manual and the CalcSheet.
Each of the test options allows for different test
configurations.

Relay Test-Tool Process Diagram

Relay Setting Viewable Document

Test-Tool Environment
Display

Calculations (Source)

Visual Basic

Forms

Test-Tool Display Example


Test
Menu

I/O
Information

Orange Area
for Data to be
copied

Relay
settings
used in the
test

Title of the
Test
Operational
Graph

Important
Calculations

Purpose of the
Test

Test-Tool Calculation Example


Table
with
some
Excel
Function
s

Navigati
on
Button Some Information used in the Drop
Down boxes for the Test Menu Display

Calculati
on and
Formula
s Table

Test-Tool Visual Basic


Visual basic code is needed for
certain discrimination functions and
to obtain some graphical user
interface.

Test-Tool Main Form Example

Example Program

Example of Test Report

Example of Test Report (2)

Conclusions
Relay Test Fundamental Objectives
Determines whether the relay in question is operationally
functional as intended, and
Within the manufacturers published accuracy,
To allow it to be safely placed into service.

Increase Training/Awareness
To ensure that personnel understand how the relay
functions and operates.

Achieve Cost and Time Savings


Allow for Database Management
Improve Quality
Improve Reliability
Ensure Auditability
Ensure Regulatory requirements are met.

Thanks for your attention

Questions?