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LTE Radio Interface

Introduction

LTE Radio Interface?


Different from other
technologies
New structures
eNB

Some similarities

Scope and objectives


Scope
Downlink and Uplink Transmission
Technique
Flexible Spectrum Usage
HARQ
Radio Interface and Channel Structure

Objectives
Describe OFDM/OFDMA
Describe SC-FDMA
Explain Flexible Spectrum Usage
Explain Hybrid ARQ (HARQ)
Present Radio Interface Structure
Describe Channel Structure

Pre-Test

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Overview

LTE Radio Interface


Interface between UE and
eNodeB
eNB

Hybrid ARQ
Multi Antenna Possibility

HARQ process

Flexible spectrum usage

process

LTE Radio Interface

Downlink transmission technique

OFDM/OFDMA

eNB
Flexible bandwidth operation
Different regions
Different frequency bands & bandwidths

OFDM
Subcarrier

Datastream

OFDMA

User #1 scheduled

User #2 scheduled
User #3
scheduled

tim

1m

frequency

Uplink transmission technique


SC-FDMA

eNB

SC-FDMA

tim
e

frequency

Intra-cell
orthogonality

Bandwidth flexibility

1.4

10

15

1.4 MHz
110 RB (20 MHz)

20 MHz

Time-domain structure

FDD
fDL
fUL

Half-duplex FDD

TDD
fDL/UL

fDL
fUL

- more overhead and latency


+ radio channel reciprocity
+ simpler to deploy in limited
available spectrum

Multi Antenna Possibilities


MIMO

RX

Radio interface structure


User #1

User #2

EPS bearers

PDCP Header Compr.

PDCP Header Compr.

#1

Ciphering

RLC
#1

E-UTRA
Radio Bearers

Deciphering

RLC

Segmentation, ARQ

MAC MAC multiplexing

Concatenation, ARQ

Logical
Channels

MAC MAC demultiplexing

HybridARQ
ARQ
Hybrid

PHY

Coding
+ RM
Coding

HybridARQ
ARQ
Hybrid

Transport
Channels

PHY

Coding
+ RM
Decoding

Data
modulation
Modulation

Data
modulation
Demodulation

Antenna and resrouce


Antenna and resource
mapping
mapping

Antenna and resrouce


Antenna and resource
mapping
demapping

eNodeB

Physical
Channels

UE

Radio interface Control Signaling


Control Plane
UE
NAS

eNB

RRC

RRC

PDCP

PDCP

RLC

RLC

MAC

MAC

PHY

PHY

MME
NAS

S1-CP

The HARQ Principle


Demultiplexed and forwarded to RLC

HARQ process

Datastream

Receiver process
Receiver process

process

HARQ process

Receiver process
Receiver process
process

Channel structure
RLC
Traffic

Control

Logical
Channels

MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY
Physical
Channels/
Signals

Summary

Summary

OFDM/OFDMA in DL
SC-FDMA in UL
Six different bandwidths
FDD, TDD and Half-duplex FDD
Multiple antenna solutions
Layered interface structure

OFDM/OFDMA
eNB

SC-FDMA

Quiz

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