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Presented by:

K. Sravani,
M.Tech 1st Semester(E.I),
Roll no. :314206522009

Open Area Test Sites

The measurements of radiated emissions

(RE) and radiated susceptibility (RS) of an

equipment constitute the two basic EMI
and EMC measurements.
The purpose of radiation susceptibility
testing is to determine the degradation in
equipment performance caused by
externally coupled electro- magnetic

Open Area Test Site

Measurement of RE
Measurement of RS
Test Site
Test Antennas

Measurement of RE

Measurement of RS

Test Site
With the help of a proper test site and a calibrated

receiving antenna, RE from equipment under test over

a specified frequency band can be measured by
observing various precautions.
Using a calibrated transmitted antenna,

susceptibility of equipment under test can be checked.

These measurements are to be done in a proper

open-area test site where the scattered signals and

reflections are not present.

Test Antennas
To illuminate EUT with known field strengths, a
convenient way is to use exact half-wavelength
long dipoles at fixed frequencies.
Antenna Type

Frequency, MHz

Rod antenna

1 - 30

Loop antenna

1 30

Biconical antenna

30 220

Dipole antenna

30 - 1000

Log periodic antenna

200 -1000

Conical log spiral

200 10000

Wave guide horn

Above 1000

Some examples of test



1. Electromagnetic Environment:

According to ANS, it is desirable that the conducted and

radiated ambient radio noise and signal levels measured
at the test site with the EUT de-energized, be at least 6
dB below the allowable limit of the applicable
2. Electromagnetic Scatterers:
To avoid interference from underground scatters, use a
metallic ground plane to eliminate strong reflections from
under ground sources such as buried metallic objects.

3. Power and Cable Connections:

The power leads used to energize the EUT,
receiver and transmitter should pass through
filters to eliminate the conducted interferences
carried by power lines.

Open-area test site

The shape and size of the open-area test site

will need to be appropriate to avoid scattered

In order to meet this requirement, American

National Standards recommend that


Sc Sd

Stationary EUT:
The EUT remains stationary.
Antenna is traversed in circular path
The AN Standard is satisfied for D1.5D

Stationary Antenna:
EUT is made to rotate 360 degrees while the
antenna is stationary.

An ideal OATS is an infinite perfectly conducting

ground screen with no background noise and no

indirect coupling paths.
It calls for use of exactly calibrated antennas and
precision error-free performance measurement
Weather protection also requires particular
Thus, generally OATS is costly facility, suitable
when measurements in a standard test site are