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GSM NETWORK
Page 2

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BTS ARCHITECTURE
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SMALL CONFIGURATIONS
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LARGE CONFIGURATIONS
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Antennas & Accessories


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A = Antenna

CONCENTRIC CELL CASE

DBC = Dual Band Combiner

BPF = Band Pass Filter


ANCG = Antenna Network Combiner
GSM
ANCD = Antenna Network Combiner
DCS

DBC

BPF

DBC

BPF

ANCG

ANCD
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GSM Frequency Band


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SWAP Activity
TEAMS INVOLVED &
RESPOSIBILITIES

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BSS Team : Installation & Commissioning of the


BTS & making it On-Air

OMCR Team : Creation of the Site Hardware &


Definition of Logical Radio Parameters

RNE Team : Preparation of Work Order for the


Definition of Logical Radio Parameters & Validation of
the Site Coverage, Quality , Radio Parameters after the
site is On-Air
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SWAP Activity
Page 9

SITE CLEARANCE
1

SITE FUNCTIONALITY : OMCR Team Responsibility

OMCR Team should check the alarms appearing in OMCR


after the site is created & made On-Air by the BSS Team

OMCR Team should be available at OMCR until the site is


finally cleared by RNE team

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SWAP Activity
SITE
2

CLEARANCE

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CALL SETUP TEST : BSS Team Responsibility

Case A: Call cannot be established


Signal Level should be verified by checking VSWR
Creation of LAC/CI should be verified at BSS & NSS ends

Case B: Call is established but NO AUDIO / VOICELESS calls


Mainly Transmission problem

Case C: Call is established but voice quality is not good


Mainly Radio Link problem
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SWAP Activity
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SITE CLEARANCE
3

RADIO PARAMETERS VERIFICATION : RNE Team


Responsibility

Radio Parameters are checked using the Drive Test tool for
all the cells of the site so as to verify the implementation of the
Work Order

Important Radio Parameters include:

LAC, CI, BSIC, BCCH FREQ, TCH FREQs, MA LIST, HSN, MAIO

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SWAP Activity

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SITE CLEARANCE

COVERAGE TEST : RNE Team Responsibility

RNE Team conducts Drive Test to check the DL Signal


Level of all the sectors of the site

If Signal Level is not good !

Path Loss is occurring due to problem in Antenna,


Feeders, Lighting Arrestors, Dual Band Combiners & Band
Pass Filters.

Jumpers are wrongly connected to the Feeders resulting in


Cross-Sector or Cross-Feeder

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SWAP Activity
SITE CLEARANCE
5

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QUALITY TEST : RNE Team Responsibility

RNE Team conducts Drive Test to check the DL Quality of


all the sectors of the site

If Signal Quality is not good !

DL Level is not good

DL Interference exists

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SWAP Activity
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SITE CLEARANCE
6

HANDOVER TEST : RNE Team Responsibility

RNE Team conducts Drive Test to check the Neighbor


Definition & execution of Handovers from all the cells of the
site to neighboring cells & vice versa.

If Handovers are not occurring !

Neighbors Definition is not done by OMCR Team

Site Hardware (mainly SUMA board) is malfunctioning

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SWAP Activity
Page 15

SITE CLEARANCE
7

CSSR / CDR TEST : RNE Team Responsibility

RNE Team conducts Drive Test to check the CSSR (Call


Setup Success Rate) and CDR (Call Drop Rate)

Automatic Call Setup feature of the Drive Test tool is


activated and multiple calls are made for a certain duration
(normally 1 minute) in all the 3 sectors.

Then the log file is analyzed for computing the CSSR &
CDR

CSSR should not be less than 95%

CDR should not be more than 2%

All rights reserved 2005, Alcatel

SWAP Activity
Page 16

SITE CLEARANCE
8

FINAL CLEARANCE : RNE Team Responsibility


RNE Team has to inform the BSS Team & OMCR Team that
the site is properly integrated into the ALCATEL network.
IMPORTANT !!!

BSS Team & OMCR Team should not leave until the
clearance is given by RNE Team

All rights reserved 2005, Alcatel

Page 17

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