0 Voti positivi0 Voti negativi

72 visualizzazioni59 pagine14

Jun 17, 2015

© © All Rights Reserved

PPTX, PDF, TXT o leggi online da Scribd

14

© All Rights Reserved

72 visualizzazioni

14

© All Rights Reserved

- The Other Einstein: A Novel
- The Field Updated Ed: The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe
- Cosmos: A Personal Voyage
- The Black Swan
- Einstein: His Life and Universe
- Einstein: His Life and Universe
- Wheels of Life: A User's Guide to the Chakra System
- The Lost Art of Reading Nature's Signs: Use Outdoor Clues to Find Your Way, Predict the Weather, Locate Water, Track Animals—and Other Forgotten Skills
- A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel at Math and Science Even If You Flunked Algebra
- The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes
- Midnight in Chernobyl: The Story of the World's Greatest Nuclear Disaster
- When Einstein Walked with Gödel: Excursions to the Edge of Thought
- The Princeton Companion to Mathematics
- A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing
- Atomic Accidents: A History of Nuclear Meltdowns and Disasters: From the Ozark Mountains to Fukushima
- The Making of the Atomic Bomb
- Prey

Sei sulla pagina 1di 59

rest.

Key Questions

What are the conditions for

equilibrium?

How do static objects respond

when forces are applied?

Cengage

Connections Deborah Katz

A.

B.

C. neither A nor B.

D. either A or B.

E. both A and B.

Static Equilibrium

The condition for a rigid body to be in static equilibrium is that

there is no net force and no net torque p = 0 & L = 0.

An important branch of engineering called statics analyzes

buildings, dams, bridges, and other structures in total static

equilibrium.

No matter which pivot point you choose, an object that is not

rotating is not rotating about that point.

For a rigid body in total equilibrium, there is no net torque

about any point.

This is the basis of a problem-solving strategy.

Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley.

Fnet F 0

Fnet F 0

net 0

the net force and the net torque must be zero.

Fnet F 0

net 0

Fnet F 0

net 0

n A nB w 0

nA nB w 0

peg

For an object in static equilibrium,

the net torques at any axis-point of

rotation must be zero.

dAW = distance from point A to the c.o.g. of the hammer

dBW = distance from point B to the c.o.g. of the hammer

r r r

r F

r F

A board weighing 100 N sits across two sawhorses, as shown in the figure.

What are the magnitudes of the normal forces of the sawhorses acting on the board?

Fnet = n1 w + n2 = 0

can be considered as acting at a single point, the center of gravity.

Using point 1 as the pivot: net = -d1 w + (d1 + d2) n2 = 0

n2 = (d1 w) / (d1 + d2) = (1.5 m)(100 N)/(2 m) = 75 N

Go back to Fnet: n1 = w n2 = 100 N 75 N = 25 N

A board weighing 100 N sits across two sawhorses, as shown in the figure.

What are the magnitudes of the normal forces of the sawhorses acting on the board?

Fnet = n1 w + n2 = 0

n1 = w n 2

The torque about the center of gravity is: net = -d1 n1 + d2 n2 = 0

Substituting n1 into the torque equation: -d1 (w - n2) + d2 n2 = 0

n2 = d1 w / (d1 + d2) = (1.5 m)(100 N)/(2.0 m) = 75 N

A woman weighing 600 N lies on a 2.5-m-long, 60 N reaction board with her

feet

over the pivot. The scale on the right reads 250 N.

What is the distance d from the womans feet to her center of gravity?

n wb w F 0

wb dw LF 0

2

1

1

LF Lwb (2.5 m)(250 N) - (2.5 m)(60 N)

2

2

d=

w

600 N

= 0.92 m

with 40% of the boards length off the table. How far beyond the table

edge can a 25 N cat walk before the board begins to tilt?

Tipping Over

Consider the two configurations of

following is true?

d) neither will tip

2

1/4

1/2

1/2

1/4

An object is in equilibrium if

A.

B.

F

= 0.

net

net = 0.

C. either A or B.

D. both A and B.

A.

B.

C.

D.

500 N

1000 N

2000 N

4000 N

500 N

A rake is placed against a smooth wall so that it makes an angle with the floor of the

garage. Assume friction between the wall and the rake is negligible, but the rakes tines

are made from a hard rubber that rests on the concrete floor. The coefficient of static

friction S for rubber on dry concrete is 1.0. Find the minimum value of (other than

0) so that the rake does not slide. The rakes center of mass is one-fourth of the way up

from the tines as shown.

if the weight of board is 100 N.

Fnet F 0

net 0

Conceptualize

The beam is uniform.

So the center of gravity is at the

geometric center of the beam.

The person is standing on the beam.

What are the tension in the cable and

the force exerted by the wall on the

beam?

Categorize

The system is at rest, categorize as a

rigid object in equilibrium.

Analyze

Draw a force diagram.

Use the pivot in the problem (at the

wall) as the pivot.

This will generally be easiest.

Note there are three unknowns (T, R,

).

Analyze, cont.

The forces can be resolved into

components.

Apply the two conditions of

equilibrium to obtain three equations.

Solve for the unknowns.

Finalize

The positive value for indicates the

direction of R was correct in the

diagram.

if the weight of board, Wb is 100 N,

the weight of the person, Wp is

75 N, l is 40 m, and d is 10 m.

the weight of the person, Wp is 75 N, l is 40 m, and d is 10 m.

A 3.0-m-long ladder leans against a frictionless

Wall at angle of 60o. What is the minimum value

of S, the coefficient of static friction with the

ground, that will prevent the ladder from slipping?

n2 f s 0

f s n2

n1 w n1 Mg 0

n1 Mg

1

net d1w d 2 w2 ( L cos 60) Mg ( L sin 60)n2 0

2

1

( L cos 60) Mg

Mg

n2 2

L sin 60

2 tan 60

f s n2

Mg

2 tan 60

f s f s ,max s n1

f s s Mg

fs

Mg

2 tan(60 o )

1

s

0.29

o

2 tan(60 )

s ,min 0.29

s Mg f s

f3

Using the dimensions given in the

figure, find the torque of force f3

with the bottom of the ladder as

the axis.

A. f3a

B. +f3a

C. f3a sin()

D. +f3a cos()

E. +f3a sin()

a=

f3

figure, find the torque of persons

weight mg with the bottom of the

ladder as the axis.

A. mgb

B. +mgb

C. mgb sin()

D. +mgb cos()

E. +mgb sin()

h=

A) hT sin

B) +hT sin

C) +hT

D) hT cos

E) +hT cos

Wp

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

(L/2) WP sin

+(L/2) WP sin

+(L/2) WP

(L/2) WP cos

+(L/2) WP cos

A traffic light hangs from a pole as shown in the figure below. The uniform

aluminum pole AB is 7.50 m long and has a mass of 12.0 kg. The mass of the

traffic light is 21.5 kg. Determine the tension in the horizontal massless cable CD.

Solution:

Net torque at pivot A= 3.8*T (L/2 cos(37)) (12g) (L cos(37))(21.5*g)=0

3.8*T = (L cos(37))*g*(6+21.5) T= 425 N. (D)

The center of mass is the mass-weighted center of the object.

Find the center of mass of a thin, uniform rod of length L and mass M.

Use this result to find the tangential acceleration of one tip of a 1.60-m-long rod

that rotates about its center of mass with an angular acceleration of 6.0 rad/s2.

Divide the rod into many small cells

of mass dm.

One such cell, at position x.

The cells width is dx.

dm

M

dx

L

Balance

Line of action

center of gravity.

torque about her toes.

Base of support

over its base of support. That way gravity does not exert a

torque.

our arms and legs to keep our center of gravity

over our base of support.

the base of support (the foot), ensuring stability.

to lean forward to maintain stability.

a.

b.

passes through its base of support.

SUV

Sedan

Putting c.o.g. above the base point:

tan( c )

t/2

h

c tan 1 (

t

)

2h

track width (t) to the height of center-of-gravity (h).

The larger t/h the more stable is the car.

A.

B.

C.

its center of gravity lies over its base of support.

its center of gravity lies outside its base of

support.

D. the height of its center of gravity is less than 1/2

its total height.

Elasticity

F

Stress

A

The SI units of stress are N/m2

and 1 N/m2 = Pa

Pa stands for pascals.

l

Strain

l

Elasticity

F/A is proportional to L/L.

We can write the proportionality as

F

L

Y

A

L

The proportionality constant Y is called Youngs modulus.

The quantity F/A is called the tensile stress.

The quantity L/L, the fractional increase in length, is called strain.

With these definitions, we can write

stress = Y strain

Young's modulus Y is

the slope of vs.

tensile strength ten. Experiments show that tensile strength

depends on the material of the rod.

it by a hanging load. Each molecular bond stretches vertically, obeying Hookes law.

Shear Deformation

Shear stress results when a force is applied

tangentially to one surface of a stationary object:

F

A

x

Shear strain

h

G

G is called the shear modulus.

The dedication plate mounted to the base of a building was deformed during an

earthquake. The plate, made from a metal alloy of shear modulus G=4.0010 Pa, was

originally 80.0 cm high, 50.0 cm long, and 5.00 mm thick. The earthquake shifted the

top surface of the plate 0.100 mm relative to the bottom surface. What shear force did

the plate experience during the earthquake?

FP

A

x

h

0.1103 m

4.00 10 Pa

2

A

80

10

m

FP

10

FP (5.0 106 N/m 2 ) 2.50 103 m

1.25 10 4 N

type of

yield or structural failure where the material or component fails in

shear.

Shear strength of a material is the maximum shear stress that the

material can support without yielding in shear.

Shear strength = max

A shear load is a force that tends to produce a sliding failure on a

material along a plane that is parallel to the direction of the force.

When atotal

paper

is cutatwith

scissors,

the the

paper

fails in shear. area

Given

force

failure

(F) and

force-resisting

(e.g. the

cross-section of a bolt loaded in shear), Ultimate Shear

Strength () is:

F

F

2

rbolt

that is 25 mm thick? The shear strength of the plate is 350 MN/m 2.

F

Perimeter:

The resisting area A 2 rh

2 (10 10 3 m)(25 103 m)

1.57 10 3 m 2

Given total force at failure (F) and the force-resisting area (e.g. the crosssection of a bolt loaded in shear), Ultimate Shear Strength () is:

F A

5.495 105 N

In the figure, a car seems to be hanging from some gooey substance.

Estimate the Youngs modulus for this unidentified material.

Applications

- Basic Concepts on StaticsCaricato damzairun
- General Design Principles for Structural Design Formulae.pdfCaricato dakfarav
- High Rate-Dependent Interaction Diagrams for Reinforced Concrete ColumnsCaricato daGabriel Sirbu
- XCaricato dayerly ramirez
- [IJET-V1I6P9] Authors: Parag Amrutkar, R.R.Borse ,J.G.PatilCaricato daInternational Journal of Engineering and Techniques
- Welded ConnectionsCaricato daKet Chanthul
- Mechanics of Materials lecture notesCaricato daHowl Solomon
- Reinforced Concrete MitCaricato daAlejandro Pérez Horta
- 4. WIT-Chap6-Metal-PropertiesCaricato daJonathan Topham
- 2016_43.pdfCaricato daYuliusRiefAlkhaly
- tv_23_2016_1_129_135Caricato daMa. Chrissel Paula Roxas
- Experimental Characterization of Stone Masonry in Shear and CompressionCaricato daCZengenharia
- TriangleCaricato daBiprajit Saha
- Comparison of workpiece geometry and its effects on ECAP process by FEACaricato daijsret
- 2010_ipc2010-31664Caricato daarash
- Design Criteria for Selecting the Turbine Blade MaterialCaricato dabalachandranmenon
- Fire Flame Exposed Behavior Analysis OF Reinforced Concrete Columns Eccentrically Under Axial Loads Using Finite Element MethodCaricato daThomas Lakas
- Welding TxtCaricato dasasi2821
- Welded ConnectionsCaricato daMoonze
- http___www.mitcalc.com_doc_welding_help_en_weldingtxt.pdfCaricato daGeorge Sanches
- Welded Conn FundasCaricato daseena107
- Welded ConnectionsCaricato darganjvar
- Welded ConnectionsCaricato daAnkit Singh
- Welded ConnectionsCaricato daRathnakraja
- Partially Prestressed Concrete - Review and Recommendations.pdfCaricato dasanjusamson
- 113Caricato daSavin Timofte
- Www.engineering.uiowaCaricato dalitrakhan
- APPENDIX_620.docCaricato daMS
- Why Use PatchCaricato daSegura Luisito
- RaghuCaricato daSunil Goyal

- Hw Ch02 Lec02Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- programmingCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Project 7Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- week5Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Statistical Matrices for Quality Assessment of High DensityCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Presentation2.pptxCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- 20090408153157_2103961037.pptCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- prob_set_4Solutions.pdfCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- file7614 (1)Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Contradictions and IdentitiesCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- cpap_bipapCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Lab Report 1 (Paraphrased).docxCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Assignment RequirmentCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Test I Review SheetCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Computing HW 2Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Old TestsCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- 16Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Ch10Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Sample Problems 2Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- 119004300-Chapter-23Caricato daCarlos Arturo Alaniz
- TB Chapter21Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Eye Diagram (Final)Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- CMOS Report.docxCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Lab 2 Electric Field MappingCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- PROJECT 1Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Chapter 4 SummaryCaricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Transmission Line (Final)Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni
- Electric Field LAb 2Caricato daMuhammad Tayyab Madni

- Max Shortterm Strain conceptCaricato davkms
- Final_FDA_MEETING_+JMJCaricato daNalini Rajamannan
- WFT003Caricato daAhmedMohsen
- Strength of MaterialsCaricato daAbhijith Shetty
- PRESSURE VESSELCaricato daYonjon Subha
- Finite Element Analysis of Arch DamCaricato daesatjournals
- Seismic Assessment and Retrofit of Reinforced Concrete Columns.pdfCaricato daFouad Kehila
- indexCaricato daSangbum Kim
- Hyperbolic Constitutive Model for Tropical Residual SoilsCaricato daIAEME Publication
- 4 - PRESSURE VESSEL [Inspection and Testing]Caricato daWahyu Lailil Fais
- Thin-Walled Pressure VesselsCaricato daAdonis C. Bibat
- HighPerformance Steel (ForBridgeConstrunction)EnCaricato daDavid Crown
- SPE-29408-MS_powell1995_Minimization Of Formation Damage Filter Cake Deposition & Stuck Pipe PotentialCaricato daJorgito Arias
- Simplified Concrete Modeling With Mat_concret_damage_rel3Caricato daHasan Ayouby
- AAU Strength of Materials Lecture Notes 09-05-21Caricato daTahir Aed
- Riser design Project reportCaricato daPavan Kumar Reddy
- Seismic Risk Assessment of Trani’s Cathedral Bell Tower in Apulia, ItalyCaricato daC
- Ductility of Unconfined Beam SectionsCaricato daVasanthapragash Nadarajha
- 0_von Mises Yield CriterionCaricato dasilillo
- Cryogenic Properties of Polymer MaterialsCaricato daodormicchi
- Influence of Post Weld Impact Treatment HFMI/PIT on Mechanical Properties of Welded HSLA Steel with Undermatched Filler MaterialCaricato daNoridzwan Nordin
- Influence of Surface Finish on Bending Fatigue of Forged Steel Including Heating Method, Hardness, And Shot Cleaning EffectsCaricato damoj33
- PHD Thesis - Modeling of Ageing in Al-Mg-Si AlloysCaricato danaderbahrami
- 13_2888Caricato daHigh Crone
- Mechanics of MaterialsCaricato daAbhishek Metri
- 4.1_Rock strength & failure criteria.pdfCaricato daAlex Fuentes Montesinos
- Microplane anysy model1Caricato daKILARUDIVYA
- ANSYS Autodyn Users Subroutines TutorialCaricato damedvehagyma
- Elastic-plastic Analysis of Simply Supported Rectangular Plates uCaricato daRusovic Rejhan
- ANALISIS SISMICO ESTRUTURAL_PRESAS.pdfCaricato daAlfredo Arando Huamanñahui

## Molto più che documenti.

Scopri tutto ciò che Scribd ha da offrire, inclusi libri e audiolibri dei maggiori editori.

Annulla in qualsiasi momento.