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Safety management

National safety policy GOI


1. PREAMBLE
1.1 The Constitution of India provide detailed provisions for the rights of
the citizens and also lays down the Directive Principles of State Policy
which set an aim to which the activities of the state are to be guided.
1.2 These Directive Principles provide
(a) for securing the health and strength of employees, men and women;
b) that the tender age of children are not abused;
c) that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter
avocations unsuited to their age or strength;
d) just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief are
provided; and
e) that the Government shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any
other way, to secure the participation of employee in the management
of undertakings, establishments or other organisations engaged in any
industry

National safety policy GOI


cont
1.3 On the basis of these Directive Principles as well as
international instruments, Government is committed to
regulate all economic activities for management of
safety and health risks at workplaces and to provide
measures so as to ensure safe and healthy working
conditions for every working man and woman in the
nation. Government recognizes that safety and health
of workers has a positive impact on productivity and
economic and social development. Prevention is an
integral part of economic activities as high safety and
health standard at work is as important as good
business performance for new as well as existing
industries

National safety policy GOI


con
1.3 On the basis of these Directive Principles as well as
international instruments, Government is committed to
regulate all economic activities for management of
safety and health risks at workplaces and to provide
measures so as to ensure safe and healthy working
conditions for every working man and woman in the
nation. Government recognizes that safety and health
of workers has a positive impact on productivity and
economic and social development. Prevention is an
integral part of economic activities as high safety and
health standard at work is as important as good
business performance for new as well as existing
industries

National safety policy GOI


con
1.3 On the basis of these Directive Principles as well as
international instruments, Government is committed to
regulate all economic activities for management of
safety and health risks at workplaces and to provide
measures so as to ensure safe and healthy working
conditions for every working man and woman in the
nation. Government recognizes that safety and health
of workers has a positive impact on productivity and
economic and social development. Prevention is an
integral part of economic activities as high safety and
health standard at work is as important as good
business performance for new as well as existing
industries

National safety policy GOI


con
1.4 The formulation of policy, priorities and
strategies in occupational safety, health and
environment at work places, is undertaken
by national authorities in consultation with
social partners for fulfilling such objectives.
A critical role is played by the Government
and the social partners, professional safety
and health organizations in ensuring
prevention and in also providing treatment,
support and rehabilitation services

National safety policy GOI


con
2.8 Promoting inclusion of safety,
health and environment,
improvement at workplaces as an
important component in other
relevant national policy documents.
2.9 Including safety and occupational
health as an integral part of every
operation.

Safety Management System


Policy - Establish within policy statements what the requirements are for
the organisation in terms of resources, defining management
commitment and defining OSH targets
Organizing - How is the organisation structured, where are
responsibilities and accountabilities defined, who reports to who and who
is responsible for what.
Planning and Implementation - What legislation and standards apply
to our organisation, what OSH objectives are defined and how are these
reviews, hazard prevention and the assessment and management of risk.
Evaluation - How is OSH performance measured and assessed, what are
the processes for the reporting of accidents and incidents and for the
investigation of accidents and what internal and external audit processes
are in place to review the system.
Action for Improvement - How are preventative and corrective actions
managed and what processes are in place to ensure the continual
improvement process

SAFETY POLICY
to provide adequate control of the health and safety against risks
arising from project work activities;
to consult with employees on matters affecting their health and
safety;
to provide and maintain safe plant and equipment;
to ensure safe handling and use of substances;
to provide information, instruction and supervision for employees;
to ensure all employees are competent to do their tasks, and to
give them adequate training;
to prevent accidents and cases of work related ill health;
to maintain safe and healthy working conditions; and
to review and revise this policy as necessary at regular intervals

L&T SAFETY POLICY


At L&T , Safety has always been the
first and has been integrated into all
work practices.
Based on our extensive experience,
we have also developed safety
manuals, training and education
programs that form a comprehensive
Environmental and Safety
management system applicable to all
our projects. Every L&T

L&T Contd.
FEATURES OF SAFETY POLICY ARE :
Mandatory deputation of safety officers at each
construction site.
Proactive measures to prevent mishaps at site, covering
regular safety training, safety inspection and safety
audit at project sites.
Safety procedures followed at each construction site as
per the manual including mishap reporting &
investigation.
Internal benchmarking on safety related performance
data.

RESPOSIBILITES
BOARD,CMD,DIRECTOR
SAFETY POLICY FORMULATION
SUPPORTING POSITIVE ACTION BY ALL
MANAGEMENT LEVELS.
DELEGATING RESPONSIBILITY TO
SITES/DIVISIONS.
AUDITING.
SFETY ,ENV,OCCHEALTH ON AGENDA OF
B.MEET
ANNUAL REPORTS ON SAFETY PERFORMANCE

Employer Responsibilities
make the workplace safe
prevent risks to health
ensure that plant and machinery is safe to use, and that safe working
practices are set up and followed
make sure that all materials are handled, stored and used safely
provide adequate first aid facilities
tell you about any potential hazards from the work you do, chemicals and
other substances used by the firm, and give you information, instructions,
training and supervision as needed
set up emergency plans
make sure that ventilation, temperature, lighting, and toilet, washing and
rest facilities all meet health, safety and welfare requirements
check that the right work equipment is provided and is properly used and
regularly maintained
prevent or control exposure to substances that may damage your health

Employer Responsibilities
contd
take precautions against the risks caused by flammable or
explosive hazards, electrical equipment, noise and radiation
avoid potentially dangerous work involving manual handling
and if it can't be avoided, take precautions to reduce the
risk of injury
provide health supervision as needed
provide protective clothing or equipment free of charge if
risks can't be removed or adequately controlled by any
other means
ensure that the right warning signs are provided and looked
after
report certain accidents, injuries, diseases and dangerous
occurrences to statutory authorities

The management of safety in major projects requires:


Clear lines of responsibility
The setting of priorities and goals
Commitment to provide facilities and equipment required for safety
Provision of accredited training where a need is identified
Documentary evidence that tasks have been identified and
assessed for risk of personal injury
Written Safe Systems of Work for all tasks involving significant risk
Signed agreements between management and staff to work to the
project safety plan
Records of the agreements and agreed dates of revision
Agreed monitoring and auditing systems
Provision for staff feedback

ORGANISATIONS NEED TO MANAGE HEALTH AND SAFETY


WITH THE SAME DEGREE OF EXPERTISE AND TO THE
SAME STANDARDS AS OTHER CORE BUSINESS ACTIVITIES,
IF THEY ARE EFFECTIVELY TO CONTROL RISKS AND
PREVENT HARM TO PEOPLE.
THERE IS A SHARED COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF THE
ORGANISATIONS VISION, VALUES AND BELIEFS. A
POSITIVE HEALTH AND SAFETY CULTURE IS FOSTERED BY
THE VISIBLE AND ACTIVE LEADERSHIP OF SENIOR
MANAGERS
PRIME RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACCIDENT AND ILL
HEALTH PREVENTION RESTS WITH MANAGEMENT

Organising
An effective management structure and
arrangements are in place for delivering the
safety policy. All staff are motivated and
empowered to work safely and to protect their
long-term health, not simply to avoid accidents.
The arrangements are:
underpinned by effective staff involvement and
participation; and
sustained by effective communication and the
promotion of competence which allows all employees
and their representatives to make a responsible and
informed contribution to the health and safety effort

MANAGEMENT IS A MATTER OF
GUIDING HUMAN AND PHYSICAL
RESOURCES INTO DYNAMIC
ORGANISTION UNITS THAT ATTAIN
THEIR OBJETIVES TO THE
SATISFACTION OF THOSE SERVED
AND WITH A DEGREE OF
MORALE AND SENSE OF
ATTAINMENT ON THE PART OF THOSE
RENDERING THE SERVICE

KEY TO SUCCESSFUL S.MGT

COMMUNICTION
TEAM BUILDING
DELEGATING
EFFECTIVE USE OF DISCIPLINE
APPRAISING PERFORMANCE
DEVELOPING EMPLOYEE SKILLS
MOTIVTING EMPLOYEES
SOLVING PROBLEMS/CONFLICT RESOLUTION
INTEGRTING SAFETY INTO JOB

CONST SITE ENGINEERS


MANAGER OF THE WORK PLACE
KEEPER OF RULES PROCEDURES
MAINTAINER OF A SAFE AND
PRODUCTIVE WORK PLACE
TRAINER OF EMPLOYEES
ADVOCATE FOR THE WORK FORCE
MGT REP
LEADER OUT IN FRONT

Important responsibilities as an
employee
to take reasonable care of your own health and safety
avoid wearing jewellery or loose clothing if operating machinery
to take reasonable care not to put other people - fellow employees and
members of the public - at risk by what you do or don't do in the course
of your work
to co-operate with your employer, making sure you get proper training
and you understand and follow the company's health and safety policies
not to interfere with or misuse anything that's been provided for your
health, safety or welfare
to report any injuries, strains or illnesses you suffer as a result of doing
your job (your employer may need to change the way you work)
to tell your employer if something happens that might affect your ability
to work ( suffering an injury)
if you drive or operate machinery, to tell your employer if you take
medication that makes you drowsy - they should temporarily move you to
another job if they have one for you to do
Follow safety rules,supervisers instructions

SAFETY PROFESSIONAL

MGT TO APPOINT QUAL. S.O


DEGREE IN ENG+DIP.IND.SAFETY
EXP IN COST INDUSTRY
TO REPORT TO CONST.PROJECT HEAD
SA.PRO. HAS TO BE SR LEVEL
OFFICER

SAFETY PROFESSIONAL

HOUSE KEEPING
SAFETY TRAINING
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
SAFETY INSPECTION
CORECTIVE ACTIONS
SAFETY CULTURE ENHANCEMENT
PPE USAGE BY WORKMEN

S.PROF CONTD

SAFETY COMMITEE
SAFETY AUDIT
FIRE SAFETY
TRG FIRE ,FIRST AID,ENV
TRG OF CONT.WORKMEN
TECH SPECIFICATIONS COMPLIANCE
SCRAP COLECTIONSCHEDULES

S.PRO CONTD

REVIEW OF FIRST AID CASES


MINOR ACCIDENTS
NEAR MISSES
OT CONTROL
OCCU.HEALTH
STATUTERY REGISTERS,RECORDS
,RETURNS
RENEWAL OF LICENSES

S.PRO Contd
SERIOUS ,FATALACCIDENT ENQUIRES
LIASION WITH STATUTORY AUTHORITIES
SURVEYS ILLUMINATION,NOISE,HAZ.VAPORS
RADIATION,DUST
DOCUMENTATION,DATA BASES
EASTE MGT
INHOUSE EXT SAFETY COMPETITIONS
SAFETY WEEK.FIRE DAY ,ENV DAT
OBSERVATION

Saf.pro.contd

SAFETY POSTERS DISPLAY


SAFETY SIGNS
HAZ,WARNING BOARDS
EMERGENCY PLANS
MOCK DRILLS
WORK CLOSELY WITH ENV.ENGR,OCC
HEALTH PHYSICIAN

SAFETY COMMITTEE

CHAIRMAN PRJECT MGR


SECRETARY SAFETY.OFFICER,
MEMBERS
5 NOMINATED BY CHAIRMAN
5 NOMINATED BY WORKMEN/UNION
1WMI
OTHERS COOPTED BY CHAIRMAN
2YR TERM

S.C .contd
SC MEETING NOTICE WITH AGENDA ALONG WITH
CONNECTED PAPERS
SEEK ATTENDENCE CONFIRMATION
REVIEW PREVIOUS MEETING MINUTES ACTION
ALREDY TAKEN ,YET TO BE TAKEN
SEC.TO RECORD MINUTES USE LAPTOP ,I
PADETC
CIRCULATE MINUTES WITH IN A DAY OF MEETING
TO ALL CONCERNED
CORECTIVE ACTIONS BY WHOOM IN WHAT TIME
FRAME?

S.C FUNCTIONS

DISCUSS S.MATERS FORMU RECOMENDATIONS


ACCIDENT ENQ-RECOMENDATIONS
NEW WORKING INSTALATIONS,SYSTEMS
FORMULATE,IMPLEMENT SAFETY CAMPAIGNS
MONTHLY MEET, SR OFFICERS TO ATTEND
FREQ. YEARLY ONCE Top MGT
MGT TO INFORM COPLIANCE STATUS IN
15DAYS
SEC S.C IN BIG PROJECTS

Safety Representaives
MGT TO APPOINT SAF. REP. WHO ARE
EXPERIENCED,TRAINED IN CONST.SAFETY
SAFETY INSPECTIONS
MEMBER OF S.C
ACC. ENQ PARTICIPATION
STUDY WORKERS CONERNS ON SAFETY
TO DISCUSS WITH GOVT INSPECTORS
SAF. REPPRESENTATIONS TO MGT

OUTSIDE AGENCIES
FACTORIES INSPECTORS
ENV OFFICERS STATE POL. CONTROL
BOARD
REP OF CHIEF INSP.OF EXPLOSIVES
BOILER INSPECTOR
SELF REGULATION
NEIGHBOURING INDUSTRIES
ILO,WHO,INDIAN LAWS

Meetings
THE MEANS FOR COMMUNICATING HEALTH AND SAFETY
INFORMATION SUCH AS
RISK ASSESSMENTS, EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND LEGISLATION
REQUIREMENTS ETC. TO BOTH INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL
INTERESTED PARTIES SHALL
BE BY A COMBINATION OF:
PROJECT MEETINGS;
SAFETY BRIEFINGS;
DOCUMENTATION;
OFFICE AND SITE NOTICE BOARDS;
WEB PAGES BOTH INTRANET AND INTERNET;
INDUCTION;
METHOD STATEMENTS, WORK PLANS AND PRE-WORK BRIEFINGS

Health and safety file


The health and safety file shall be
maintained throughout
the life of the project including the
construction and handover phases.
Only relevant documents relating to
health and safety shall be included
in the Health and Safety File. All such
documentation shall be provided
in the format specified

persons carrying out future construction and maintenance work


on the
structure at any time after completion of the current project and
could
include:
As built drawings, calculations and plans used and produced
throughout the construction, installation or demolition process
along
with the design criteria;
General details of the construction methods and materials
used,
including type of material and location used;
Details of the structures equipment and maintenance facilities

Maintenance procedures and requirements for the


structure;
Details of the location and nature of utilities/services and
their
maintenance/isolation, including emergency and firefighting
systems, equipment, routes, procedures etc;
Details of hazardous substances and safety data sheets;
Load bearing details shoring, retaining walls, piling,
basements,
walls, trusses and thrust blocks etc;
Extent of foundations and

What is to be done? Precise scope of the job.


Where is it to be done? Precise location.
When is it to be done? by dates or by sequence of events
i.e.
preceding, concurrent, or following other operations
Who is to do it? Number and type of personnel including
any specificed
skills, training or qualifications required.
How is it to be done? Plant, equipment and material
required,
including access, storage and handling thereof. Safe means
of access
and egress. Safe place of work. Precise method
and sequence of
operations including any 'hold' points.
Specific limitations or constraints
upon the job e.g.
adverse weather, out of sequence working

The Benefits of Safety Excellence


Improves business performance while
protecting the lives of
employees and contract workers
Enhances existing business practices
Increases productivity while decreasing
operating costs
Helps protect brand and public image
Leverages current strengths of your
organization

AUDITS
SAFETY AUDITS
INTERNAL SAFETY AUDIT
CIVIL,MECH,ELE ENGRS
EXTERNAL SAFETY AUDIT
WITH EXTERNAL SAFETY EXPERTS

BASIC SAFETY PHILOSOPHY FOR


SUCCESS
A NEW SAFETY CULTURE

All accidents are preventable.


No job is worth getting hurt for.
Every job will be done safely.
Incidents can be managed.
Safety is everyones responsibility.
Continuous improvement.
Safety as a way of life for 24 hours/day
All individuals have the responsibility and accountability to
identify eliminate or manage risks associated with their
workplace
Legal obligations will be the minimum requirements fro our
health & safety standards
Individual will be trained and equipped to have the skills and
facilities to ensure an accident free workplace

Remember
There is no work so important or so
urgent that it cannot be done safely
You will achieve the level of
Safety Excellence
that YOU demonstrate you want to
achieve...