Sei sulla pagina 1di 12

Switching losses

&
Snubber circuit

Ideal switch vs practical switch


IDEAL

PRACTICAL

Block arbitrary large forward and


reverse voltages with zero
current flow when of

Finite blocking voltage with small


leakage current during OFF

Instantaneous switching from


one state to the other

Does not instantaneously switch;


there is turn-on and turn-of time

Conduct arbitrary large current


with zero voltage drop when on

Finite current conduction


capability with small forward
voltage drop

Negligibly small power required


Some devices required
from control source to trigger the appreciable power to be
switch
triggered

Ideal switch vs practical switch


In this course, we use ideal switch to describe the
power electronic circuits operations occasionally
practical switches will be mentioned.
PE circuit design need to use actual device model
in order to analyze power dissipation and
efficiency

Switching losses
Since voltage and current do not change
instantaneously, there will be power losses during
switching switching losses

Switching Power Loss is proportional


to:

switching frequency

Switching losses
iT

turn-of

turn-on

Io
turn-of

turn-on

Vd

vT

The profile must contained


within the safe operating
area (SOA) of the device

Switching losses
The profile becomes worse if the stray
inductance is considered during the
switching

vsw Vd L

di
dt

L di
dt

I rr

sw
L

Io

di
dt

Io

V
d

vsw
to t

t
1

t
4

t5

t6

Switching losses
idealized
switching
loci

i sw
t5

t6

turn-off

to
t

turn-on

Overvoltage at turn-off
due to stray inductance
Overcurrent at turn-on due to
diode reverse recovery

t3
V

vsw

L di
dt

I rr

sw
L

Io

di
dt

Io

V
d

vsw
to t

t
1

t
4

t5

t6

Snubber circuit
In order to reduce the stress and over voltage of the device, a
snubber circuit is used to alter the v-i profile of the device
There are various type of snubbers: we will only consider the
turn-of and turn-on snubbers

D
F

D
f

V
d

Turn-off
snubber

Io

Ds
S
w

Turn-off
snubber

Rs
Cs

Cs

Turn-on
snubber

Snubber circuit
Turn-off snubber circuit
operation

The switch current can fall immediately since


there is a path provided by the capacitor C s
The capacitor voltages increase and stop
conducting when Cs=Vd at which diode Df
start to conduct
i

sw

D
F

V
d

D
f

Turn-off
snubber

Io

Ds
S
w

sw

Rs

Cs

sw

Io
i

Df
tf

Df

Df
t

tf

Cs

V
d
v
Cs
Cs

< C
s1

Cs = C
s1

Cs > C
s
1

Cs

Snubber circuit
i

Turn-off snubber circuit


operation

sw
Io
Cs < Cs1

The switch current can fall immediately since


there is a path provided by the capacitor C s
The capacitor voltages increase and stop
conducting when Cs=Vd at which diode Df
start to conduct

RBSOA

Cs = Cs1
Cs > Cs1
V
d

sw

sw

sw

Io
i

Df
tf

Df

Df
t

tf

Cs

V
d
v
Cs
Cs

< C
s1

Cs = C
s1

Cs > C
s
1

vsw

Snubber circuit
Turn-on snubber circuit
operation

The stress is reduced by reducing the switch


voltage when the switch current increases.

v
s
w

I rr

V
d

s
w

Io

tri

t rr

reduced
V
d

I rr

v
s
w

s
w
t on

Io

Ls I o
V
d

>
ri t

+t
rr

Snubber circuit
Turn-on snubber circuit
operation

Io

isw
Without
snubber

With
snubber

The stress is reduced by reducing the switch


voltage when the switch current increases.
Ls

disw
dt
v
sw

V
d

v
s
w

I rr

V
d

s
w

Io

tri

t rr

reduced
V
d

I rr

v
s
w

s
w
t on

Io

Ls I o
V
d

>
ri t

+t
rr