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Study of

AUSTRALIA

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Shall Cover

Location
History
Cities
Flag
Currency
Sports
Animals
Tourist Attractions
Economic System
Exports
Imports
Natural Resources
Culture
Population/ Religion
Literacy Rate
Unemployment/ GDP
Industries

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Oz
Down Under
Its the 6th biggest
country in the world.
Its an island, surrounded
by water.
Its the smallest
continent in the world.

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Australia is in the Oceania


Continent located in Southern
Hemisphere.

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Because it is south of the equator, the seasons


in Australia are the opposite of those in
Europe: its winter in Australia when its
summer in Europe.

Australia is composed of 7 territories:


Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland,
South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria +
Tasmania, and Papua New Guinea.

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HISTORY

James Cook discovered Australia in 1770.

Britain sent prisoners


and criminals to Australia.

Europeans sold the land


of Aborigines and killed
thousands of them.

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Native Australians. The Aborigines have lived in Australia for


over 40,000 years. Now they only represent 1% of the population.

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CITIES

The capital city is


Canberra.

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The biggest city is Sydney,


where there is the famous
Sydney Opera House.
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OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES

Melbourne

Brisbane

Perth

Adelaide
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THE AUSTRALIAN FLAG


Southern cross symbolizes the constellation.

Union Flag
6th British
colony.

The Commonwealth 7 pointed star represents the 7


territories.
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The currency is the Australian dollar.

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In Australia it is usually very warm, so Australians love sport


and other outdoor activities. The most popular are:
Scuba-diving

Surfing

Cricket

Swimmin
g
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TYPICAL ANIMALS
Kangaroo

Koala

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Sugar glider

Dingo

Platypus

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Tasmanian devil

Wombat
Possum

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Australia has also some very poisonous snakes and


spiders. At school children have to learn first aid for
snake and spider bites.

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Tourist Attractions

built by Danish architect Jorn Utzon


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Uluru (Ayers Rock)


Worlds largest monolith. It is sacred for Aborigines.
It is very popular with tourists because of its beautiful colours.

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Mixed economy.
Trading partners
Japan
Singapore
China
USA
Germany
Half of Australias exports go to Asia
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Minerals
Wool (produces 25% of the worlds wool)
Wheat
Meat
Wine

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Machinery
Computers
Crude oil
Petroleum

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Timber
Lead
Zinc
Uranium
Oil
Gold
Copper
Diamonds
Wheat
Grapes
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The culture of Australia is essentially a Western


culture influenced by the unique geography of the
Australian continent.
Diverse input of Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander peoples
The British colonisation of Australia began in 1788.
Various waves of multi-ethnic migration.

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23,816,400
52nd most populous country in the world.

Religion

Roman Catholic (25.3%)


Anglican (17.1%)
Other Christian (18.7%)
Buddhism (2.5%)
Islam (2.2%)
Hinduism (1.3%)
Other Non-Christians (1.2%)
No Religion (22.3%)
Not stated or unclear (9.4%)

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Australia has one of the best education


systems in the world
Rate: 99%
You must attend school until at least age 15

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4.4%
Australia does not officially count the
poverty level within their country.

GDP
1.56 trillion USD (2013)
GDP per capita: 67,458.36 USD (2013)
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Cars, clothing, food, airplanes,


chemicals, paper, sugar.
Tourism is also a huge money making
industry.

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