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Role of Aquaporins

in Plant Water
Balance
Sulthan Ramiz
PGIS/SED/14/02
PGIS

Contents
Introductions
What are aquaporins?
Structure of Aquaporins
Aquaporins in plants and their role
Conclusions
Bibliography

Introduction

http://journal.frontiersin.org/J
ournal/10.3389/fpls.2014.00
224/full

What are Aquaporins?


Specialized protein located in thecell membraneof

cells.
Aquaporins are part of the large family of major intrinsic

proteins, proteins that form pores or channels in the cell


membrane, and work to regulate the composition of the
inside of the cell.
It forms the mechanism responsible for pumping water

into and out of the cell as needed.


Some aquaprorins can conduct carbon dioxide

How does APs look like?

(Gonen,T, & Walz,T, 2006:


http://cryoem.janelia.org/uploads/image/pdfs/gonenwalz_2006.pdf)

Aps in Plants & their role


Higher number of aquaporins compared to mammals.
Aps in Plants
Plasma
membrane
intrinsic proteins,
PIPs
PIP1
PIP2

Tonoplast
intrinsic
proteins, TIPs

NOD26-like
intrinsic
proteins, NLMs,
NIPs

Small basic
intrinsic
proteins, SIPs

Aps and root water uptake


Many aquaporins are know to be expressed in roots.

Percentage reduction in hydraulic conductance in three species of plants due to inhibition of aquaporins in root
70
60

60

55

50
40
% reduction hydraulic conductance
30
20

14

10
0

Tomato

Tobacco
Species of plant

Arabidopsis

APS and xylem water transport


No direct involvement of APs on water transport in
xylem.
The surrounding cells contribute to the regulation of
xylem transport.
In roots and leaves, Apoplastic water pathways
compete with transcellular, aquaporin-controlled
water pathways indirect control mechanism of
xylem water flow which depends on the Aps function.

http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/exam1/deck/2057463

APS and xylem water transport

Loss of conductance (%)

APS mediated water balance at the interface between xylem and its
surrounding cells cauliflowers drying of floret tissues slices cell
volume reduction expression of Aps in affected & differentiated cells,
water xylem.
This provides a tool to explain unclear mechanism of plant xylem
recovery from water deficit.

Aquaporins and water stress


Actually, the responses of aquaporins to water stress may involve
either up- or down-regulation of gene expression or no change
depending on the time course and intensity of water stress.
Drought adapted & non adapted verities affect Aps expression.
Stoma
ta
control

Water
balanc
e

Mesophyl
l
conducta
nce to
CO2

Regulation of
photosynthesis

Leafy hydraulic conductance


Aquaporins could be involved in the regulation of leaf
hydraulic conductivity, although direct evidence is
scarce.
more physiological studies using aquaporin knockouts
would be needed to establish the role that aquaporins
play in the regulation of leaf hydraulic conductivity