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DUAL-CLUTCH
TRANSMISSION
KUNAL LUTHRA
1111254908
8th Semester

KUNAL LUTHRA (1111254908)

INTRODUCTION

A Dual-Clutch Transmission, (DCT) is a type of semiautomatic transmission or semi-automated automotive


transmission.

It uses two separate clutches for odd and even gear sets.

They are usually operated in a fully automatic mode, and


many also have the ability to allow the driver to manually
shift gears in semi-automatic mode.

It has no clutch pedal.

KUNAL LUTHRA (1111254908)

HISTORY

It was invented by Frenchman Adolphe Kgresse just before


World War II but he never developed a working model.

The first development started in the early part of 1980 under


the guidance of Harry Webster at Automotive Products (AP),
Leamington Spa with prototypes built into the Ford Fiesta
Mk1, Ford Ranger & Peugeot 205.

All of these early AP Twin Clutch installations featured a


single dry clutch and multi-plate wet clutch.

As of 2009, the largest numbers of sales of DCTs in Western


Europe are by various marquees of the German Volkswagen
Group.

In 2010, BMW Canada's website for the 3 Series Coupe, it is


described both as a 7-speed double-clutch transmission and
as a 7-speed automatic transmission. It is actually a dualclutch semi-automatic.
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OVERVIEW

In DCTs where the two clutches are arranged


concentrically, the larger outer clutch drives the odd
numbered gears, while the smaller inner clutch drives the
even numbered gears.

Shifts can be accomplished without interrupting torque


distribution to the driven road wheels, by applying the
engine's torque to one clutch at the same time as it is
being disconnected from the other clutch.

DCTs are able to shift more quickly than cars equipped


with single-clutch automated-manual transmissions (AMTs),
a.k.a. single-clutch semi-automatics.

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Click icon to add


picture
WORKING
A two-part transmission
shaft is at the heart of a
DCT.

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Click icon to add


picture
WORKING

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WORKING

When the clutch is engaged, hydraulic pressure inside


the piston forces a set of coil springs part, which pushes
a series of stacked clutch plates and friction discs
against a fixed pressure plate.

The friction discs have internal teeth that are sized and
shaped to mesh with splines on the clutch drum.

In turn, the drum is connected to the gearset that will


receive the transfer force.

To disengage the clutch, fluid pressure inside the piston


is reduced. This allows the piston springs to relax, which
eases pressure on the clutch pack and pressure plate.

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Click icon to add


picture
WORKING

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ADVANTAGES

It doesn't have is a clutch pedal.

With upshifts taking a mere 8 milliseconds, many feel that


the DCT offers the most dynamic acceleration of any
vehicle on the market.

It certainly offers smooth acceleration by eliminating the


shift shock that accompanies gearshifts in manual
transmissions and even some automatics.

it affords drivers the luxury of choosing whether they


prefer to control the shifting or let the computer do all of
the work.

Power flow from the engine to the transmission is not


interrupted, fuel efficiency increases dramatically.

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DISADVANTAGES

Automakers are wary of the additional costs associated


with modifying production lines to accommodate a new
type of transmission.

In addition, manufacturers are already investing heavily in


alternate transmission technologies.

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THANK YOU.

KUNAL LUTHRA (1111254908)