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University

RSTP, LACP & NT redundancy

7302-7330/5523 operator part 1 section H

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp


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Objectives
After completing this section, youll be able to:
Describe the most important xSTP parameters
Enable/disable xSTP on the system
Configure xSTP settings on a network port
Check the status of the network ports in a spanning tree
Describe link aggregation
Configure a LAG
Describe and compare the different scenarios for access
resiliency (NT redundancy)
Configure NT protection.

University
Spanning Tree Protocol

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

xDSL

xDSL

Avoids loops in a bridged network

provides path redundancy


RSTP: reconvergence time < 1s
one spanning tree for all VLANs
RSTP backwards compatible with STP
RSTP limits number of hops (typically 8)

802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol

Instance 1
(VLAN30, VLAN40)
Instance 2 X

Instance 2
( VLAN10,VLAN20 )

X Instance 1

Avoids loops in a bridged network


MSTP is VLAN-aware
one spanning tree per instance ( 1 or more VLANs )
Uses RSTP for rapid convergence

Configure xSTP parameters via CLI (1)


Configure mstp general version
stp-compatible

: spanning tree protocol IEEE 802.1D

rstp

: rapid spanning tree protocol IEEE 802.1w

mstp

: multiple spanning tree protocol IEEE 802.1srstp

Additional parameters :
[no] disable-stp
[no] priority
[no] max-age
[no] hello-time
[no] forward-delay
[no] tx-hold-count
[no] path-cost-type
[no] max-hop-count
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: all stp protocol operations stop


: stp bridge priority(n*4096)
: stp max-age for root-bridge(n*100)
: stp hello-time for bridge acting as root(n*100)
: forward delay value (n*100)
: maximum transmission rate limit
: version of stp default path cost
: max hop count(n*100)

Configure xSTP parameters via CLI (2)

Configure mstp port 3

Additional parameters :
[no] priority
[no] disable-stp
path-cost
[no] edge-port
[no] admin-p2p
[no] hello-time

: mstp port priority(n*16)


: current Msti port state disabled
: port path cost
: port state enabled for the MSTP
: admin p2p status of the LAN segment
attached to the port
: port hello time

Configure RSTP parameters via CLI - summary


Configure RSTP settings applicable to the SHUB :
configure mstp general version rstp
configure mstp general .
Configure RSTP settings on a port :
configure mstp port (port)
RSTP operates on a port rather than on a VLAN

Configure MSTP parameters via CLI (1)


General configuration :
Configure mstp general version mstp
stp-compatible : spanning tree protocol IEEE 802.1D
rstp : rapid spanning tree protocol IEEE 802.1w
Mstp : multiple spanning tree protocol IEEE 802.1s

Configure mstp general region-name <NAME>


Configure mstp general no disable-stp

Create instance with VLAN(s) association :


Configure mstp instance 1 priority n ( n=N*4096)
Configure mstp instance 1 associate-vlan 100

Configure MSTP parameters via CLI (2)


MSTP configuration on SHUB port(s) :
Configure mstp port 0 no disable-stp adminp2p force-true priority 48

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RSTP on out-band management link


By default, RSTP is enabled on out-band management link
Neither visible, nor configurable with AWS!
Configure with CLI (make sure theres no loop!!):
Disable RSTP/MSTP:

configure mstp network-port (port) disable-stp


configure the out-band management port as edge port

configure mstp port (port) edge-port

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MSTP (R3.3+) configure system parameters

EML-USM

Configuration

MSTP
System parameters
Port parameters
Spanning tree

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MSTP (R3.3+) create spanning tree instances

EML-USM

spanning tree instance # 3


Configuration

MSTP
System parameters
Port parameters
Spanning tree

VLANs in the spanning tree instance


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MSTP (R3.3+) associate MST instance to network port

EML-USM

network port
Configuration

MSTP
System parameters
Port parameters
Spanning tree

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University
Link Aggregation

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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802.3ad Link Aggregation Control Protocol


Links can be aggregated into a link aggregation group (LAG)
only for network & subtending links
combine links with same speed
n x data rate of components links
aggregate participates in forwarding decision process
max. 7 (8) LAG
max. 7 (8) physical links in a LAG
7302 ISAM
support for LACP

7302 ISAM

Ethernet switch
or router

hashing
LAG
xDSL

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xDSL

LAG

Configure Link Aggregation system parameters


Links can be aggregated into a LAG
only for network & subtending links

EML-USM

Enable/disable LACP:
Link aggregation is by default disabled
Configure la >[no] disable-lacp (CLI)

Configuration

Link Aggregation

Stopped
Started (Protocol Enabled)
Started (Protocol Disabled)

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Configure
Show Config.

Configure LAG on a network port (AWS)

EML-USM

Port
Link Aggregation

Select 1 configured port


(= aggregator port / primary link)
+ one or more unconfigured ports

Configure

Select the LAG

Show Config
Aggregate
Deaggregate

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Select one or more


ports in a LAG

Link Aggregation Control Protocol


LACP: transmission of info and state rather than commands
Passive LACP: preference not to speak unless spoken to
Active LACP: preference to speak

Periodic transmission of LACPDUs


depending on time-out of partner

Local
actor
switch

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LACPDU

Remote
partner
switch

Configure Link Aggregation on a network port (CLI)


configure la aggregator-port <port on SHUB> name <> etc.

[no] link-up-down-trap
[no] actor-sys-prio (default=1)
Selection-policy
Actor-key
[no] actor-port-prio (default=1)
[no] active-lacp
[no] short-timeout
[no] aggregatable
Lacp-mode

Show la > (3 possibilities):


Show la aggregator-info
information on LAG configured on the SHUB

Show la aggregate-list
Show la network-port-info
information of a member of a LAG
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Associate VLAN to aggregator port


Select aggregator port > Associate VLAN
VLAN is automatically associated to other links in the LAG
EML-USM

Connection
VLAN association

Configure
Show

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University
NT Redundancy

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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Access Resiliency what to protect?


What is resiliency? Where needed?
Node protection = ISAM Equipment Protection
Redundancy Configurations
1+1 NT redundancy

Link protection = ISAM Uplink(s) Protection


Link aggregation
Cold standby / RSTP

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What is resiliency and where is it needed?


Resiliency = ability to recover from failure (HW/SW/data)
Type of failure port LT NT link
head-end

# users impacted
upon failure

NT link access/ - link access/ - link control


control

resiliency matters in aggregation/edge

now it also matters in access (3play!)


1,000,00
0
100,000
10,000
1,000
100
10
1
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Protection
required

Equipment Protection vs Link Protection


Equipment Protection Switching
1

NT A

NT B

NT I/O

EPS
Protects against HW failures
Semi-permanent data secured
(database synchronization)

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Link Protection Switching


Similar to SDH/SONET APS
Protects against link failures
Traffic sent to active link only

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Active
NT A Standby
(e.g. RSTP)

ISAM equipment protection - Architecture

NT I/O
Uncoupling equipment & link
protection
Forward 4 GE interfaces to active
NT
NT A

NT B

NT I/O

LT
links to NT-A & NT-B
traffic towards active NT
xDSL
no N+1 LT redundancy
server cards (e.g. IVPS)
1+1 LT redundancy

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LTs

NT protection scheme
Active / Standby
Semi-permanent data secured
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ISAM Equipment Protection Configurations

NT protection only

NT B

NT I/O

NT A

Link & NT combined

hot standby

passive
splitter

Link protection only

No NT I/O
No single point of
failure

LAG

Duplication of links
LPS is coupled with EPS

Link & NT independent

LAG
LAG

RSTP

RSTP

Independent LPS / EPS


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RSTP

single point of failure

Ethernet switch/IP router aggregation

Protection against link failure


(1:N)
LAG

Parent node can be either router


or ethernet switch

Not against aggregation node


failure!

load balancing
If a link fails lower capacity
in LAG
MAC layer redundancy
Transparent for upper layers

Recovery time ~ 2-3 seconds


Topology independent

Independent of service and


forwarding model

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Ethernet switch aggregation: cold standby

ISAM is hot standby


A

Triggers for a switchover:

NT A
NT B

S
hot standby

NT A active, with active uplink A


NT B in hot-standby, no traffic

cold standby

switch failure
NT failure
link failure
pre-defined threshold for
number of bad links in a
LAG

Aggregation switch cold standby


Operator intervention required

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Ethernet switch aggregation: RSTP


RSTP runs over network links
Protection against:

link failure
aggregation node failure

Recovery time ~ 2-3 s


Topology dependent

RSTP

Can be combined with LA


S

forced switchover to full


backup LAG possible

Supported for all forwarding


models

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Ethernet switch aggregation: MSTP

VLA N A
VLAN B

RSTP

VLAN A

AS

MSTP

VLA
N

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SA

Common Spanning Tree


(e.g. RSTP)
Blocks on interface level
All VLANs mapped to same
Spanning Tree
under-utilized links

Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol


IEEE 802.1s
Map VLAN ranges to different
Spanning Trees
better utilization of links

Configure NT protection

EML-USM

Configuration
NT Redundancy
Configure
Protection

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Enable LPS/EPS coupling CLI only!


Create uplink group at SHUB:
configure interface shub group 1 port 2
configure interface shub group 1 threshold 1
threshold = min. number of links that must be up

Default threshold = 0 (means no coupled LPS/EPS)


Link & NT combined

hot standby

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LAG

RSTP

Show status commands


AWS
icons on NT
active chain
service hub

CLI:
show equipment protection-group
show equipment protection-element
shows you which NT is in service and which one is in
standby.

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University
Exercises - Questions

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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www.alcatel-lucent.com

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