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Ally Friendly Jamming

Agenda
Introduction
What is jamming
Ally Friendly Jamming
Illustration
Generation of Jamming Signals
Synchronization of Ally Jamming Signals
Introduction of pilot frequency
Detecting and recovering transmissions
Dealing with multiple jammers
Dealing with multiple transmitters
Limitations
conclusion

Introduction
Wireless Communication technology is widely

deployed and increasingly adopted.


Ease of installation and reduced operational cost.
Efforts on adopting wireless communication in

emerging and mission critical applications.


Desirable to provide protection to the network.
Jamming in wireless communication is threat.

What is Jamming?
Transmission of radio signals that disrupt

communications by decreasing the signal


noise ratio.
Effects
* channel busy
* transmission delayed
* new packets dropped when buffer is full
* unable to decode by the receiver.

Ally friendly Jamming


Disables unauthorised devices and allows

authorised devices
Uses secret keys
Three technical challenges:
*Irresolvable interference.
*Synchronisation
* multiple ally jammers

Illustration
Ally jammer (Aj) and authorised users A1, A2 share a secret key

Generation of ally jamming


signals

Epoch index,
The key and the epoch index to generate jamming
symbols.

Synchronization with ally jamming


signals

Introduction of Pilot
frequencies
Pilot frequency is a 1hz wide frequency.
Used to compensate for frequency offset as

well as identify ally jammers.


A pilot frequency is injected along the

psuedo random jamming signals into the


channel.
Authorized device use this pilot frequency

to identify the associated ally jammer.

Detecting and Recovering


Transmissions
Initial synchronization is done soon when

the authorized device joins the network.


Resynchronization has to be done
periodically.

If no transmissions, the channel coefficients

tend to be stable.

If authorized transmissions, the stability of

channel coefficients is corrupted by the


received signal.

Dealing with Multiple Ally


Jammers
Synchronization with multiple ally jammers
Ally Jammers are detected by computing FFT.

Authorized transmission detection and

recovery.
Channel coefficient is stable for no authorized

transmission.
On detection of authorized transmission, the
channel coefficient corrupts.
Applying the channel coefficients to estimate
the received ally jamming signals, the
transmitted signal can be detected.

Dealing with multiple authorized


Transmitters.
Ally Jamming signals occupy the channel,

MAC protocol cannot be applied.


Transmission detection techniques are
used.
Channel coefficients are computed
between itself and multiple ally jammers.
If channel coefficients are stable- no
ongoing transmission.
If channel coefficients is found corruptedauthorized transmitters will back-off for a
random time.

Limitation
Fast identification of Ally Jammers

The attacker can inject the pilot frequency to


mislead the authorized receivers
Fast Synchronization

Shifting correlation based synchronisation is


expensive in computation
Ally friendly Jamming with MIMO devices

More studies are required for MIMO devices


case

Conclusion
A mechanism that jams unauthorized wireless
communication and maintain legitimate
communication at the same time.
It is achieved by sharing secret keys among
authorized devices and ally jammers.
Future work includes enhancing the robustness
of ally friendly Jamming attacks.

THANK YOU

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