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THANKS TO:
1

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THANKS TO:
Proff. Brijesh. Mishra sir
ByKu.Reena.S.Mishra

TheGuruisBrahma,

theGuruisVishnu, theGuru
DevaisMaheswara(Shiva),TheGur
uisVerilytheParaBrahman
(SupremeBrahman);Salutations to
that Guru.

CONTENT
Ayurveda
Sharir

Health

Trisutra
1.
2.
3.

intoduction

ayurveda

Hetu
Linga
Aushadha

AYURVEDAINTRODUCTION

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Ayurvedais
science of
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life as is very clear from the
constituting words
i.e., "Ayu" meaning the life, &
"Veda" meaning Knowledge

CONT..
Ayurveda gives us a complete knowledge of the
whole life of an individual right from conception
to death and even beyond that.
Ayurveda is a science based upon observation of
living things and their actual response and their
reactions to their environment. It deals with
various aspects of life.
It encompasses not only medicinal approach but
also deals in good details about the spiritualism
& philosophy.

Objectives of Ayurveda

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CONT

Objectives

The objectives with which Ayurvedic


system of medicine started are two
fold.
1. To maintain the health of a healthy
person.
2. To cure the disease of the sick.
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SHARIR

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Life (Ayu) is the combination (samyog) of
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body, senses, mind, and reincarnating soul.
Ayurveda is the most sacred science of life,
beneficial to humans both in this world and
the world beyond.
(Charaka Samhita, Sutrasthana, I.42-43)

DEFINE HEALTH

According to Sushrutacharya A person is


said to be healthy if his Agni, Dosha,
Dhatu and Mal are in equilibrium along
with sound Atma, Indriya & mind
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TRISUTRA AYURVEDA

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What
is Trisutra Ayurved?
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Ayurved is based on three principles and that's
pwhy it is called Tri (Three) sutra Ayurved. These
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principles are as follows:
1. Hetu Causes (cause of health and disease)
2. Linga Symtoms (Symtoms of health &
disease)
3. Aushadh Medicines (In both roles as
preventive & curative)

DIGRAMATIC REPRESENTATION
hetu
HETU

A
Y
U
R
V
E
D

LIN
GA
AUSHD
HA

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The entire science of Ayurveda has been framed upon


Trisutras (Hetu, Linga and Aousadha), among them,
Aousadha is most important.
It is held responsible for the alleviation of disease as
well as the maintenance and promotion of good
health.
The drug is like an instrumental aid to a physician.
etiology -(the science of the causes of disease),
symptomatology -(the study and interpretation of
symptoms) and
Medication. -Are the . Tri-Sutras of Ayurveda
HETU the cause of illness, sorrow.
LING identity, reorganization, diagnosis.
AUSHADHI solution, remedy, medicine,
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treatment.

HETU gsrq

1.Hetu:Hetumeans causative factor. Nimitta,


Aayatana, Pratyaya, Utthaana,
Kaaran`aandNidaanaare synonyms
ofHetu.These are initiators of a disease. Actual
disease development process starts
afterwards.To understand effect, role etc.
ofHetuin disease development, they are
classified into various types as follows:

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Type of Hetu
Classific
ation 1

Classifi
cation
2
Sannikrish Asaatme
t`a
ndriyaar
tha
Sanyoga

Classifi
cation
3
Vyaadhi
Hetu

Viprakrish Pradnya Dosha


t`a
aparaad Hetu
ha
Vyabhicha Parin`aa Ubhaya
aree
ma
Hetu
Praadhaa
nika

Classifi
cation
4
Vyanjak
a

Classif
ication
5
Baahya

Utpaada Aabhya
ka
ntara

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LINGA

fyax

Means signs and symptoms of actual


manifestation of disease.Thisis a group of signs
and symptoms, which develop after the
pathogenesis of disease e.g.Aruchi, Klama and
Tiktodgaaraetc., areRoopaofAmlapitta.
By knowingRoopaphysician get more clear idea
about disease.
It is also known as rupa (:i)

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vkSk
Aushadhisutra:
/kIt is the means of treatment

AUSHADHA

As we know objective of ayurveda,


# Swasthasya Swathya Rakshanam (Preventive
and Social medicine)
# Aturasya Vikar Prashamanam (Therapeutics)
as from above objective of ayurveda treatment
should be given to prevent cause &to treat the
causative factor of diseases.
For treatment some principle is used as
nidanparivarjan etc

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It is also knowm as chikitsa

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In literal terms chikitsa means treatment i.e. the


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manner in which the medicines are applied, what
medicines are to be applied or consumed to establish
harmony between the doshas and root out the
disequilibrium between the factors responsible for
the physiological functions of the body i.e. Health.

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CLASSIFICATION OF CHIKITSA:

Ekvidh Chikitsa (one type)


Nidanparivarjan
It refers to the factors or the causes of the disease that
promote the disequilibrium between the dosha, dhatu
& mala, eventually leading to samprapti
(pathogenesis) of the disease.
Parivarjan
It refers to the factors that must be left as they cause
disequilibrium and disharmony among the dosha,
dhatu & mala.
Example:dadhi i.e. curds (yogurt) excessive
consumption of curds leads to vitiation of Kapha
dosha causing Diabetes mellitus. Hence to quit (stop
eating yogurts i.e. excessive consumption of the same).

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CONT

Dvividh (two types)


Urjaskar
This refers to remedies applied for the prevention of the
disease to maintain good health. On the basis of usage or
purpose for which this remedy is used Urjaskar is further
divided into the two following categories:
a) Rasayan
These are the remedies applied for rejuvenation and are
associated with physical & physiological aspects of health
also
b) Vajikaran
These are the remedies applied for increasing the sexual
vigor in human beings. It is notable that Rasayan &
Vajikaran serve preventive medicine and therapeutics both19
along with social medication.

CONT..

Rogaghna
This refers tot he remedies applied to cure a particular
ailment. These remedies are classified as follows:
a) Rogprashaman
This refers to the treatments that are applied to cure the
disease but it is unable to prevent the recurrence of disease.
b) Apunarbhava
This refers to the treatments that are able to curb the
recurrence of the disease.
c) Dravyabhoot
This refers to all the therapeutics used to treat diseases.
d) Adravyabhoot
This refers to the methods used to cure other than
therapeutics.
Example: Bhaya (fear), Vismapan (to perplex the patient),
Vyayam (exercise) and Upavas (fasting)

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CONT

Trividh Chikitsa (three-types)


Dev vyapashray
This refers to faith healing or the methods related to belief
of any individual. Generally all these methods have a
religious reasoning behind them. These include uses of
mantra- Jap (in the form of prayers), Aushadhi- Dharan
(for e.g. to wear beads of Rudraksha), Tirthyatra (to visit
religious shrines) to offer prayers to god.
Yukti vyapashray
It refers to the ideas implied to decide a concrete regimen
for the management of the treatment and medication of
the patient.
Example:combinations of medicines, main doses etc
depending upon factors like age, severity of the disease etc.

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CONT
Satvawaya
It refers to the remedies that are concerned with
physiological aspects of treatment that eventually
leads to physical and physiological well being.
Example:yoga
Trividh Chikitsa Upakram (Three types of
therapies)
Antaparimarjan
This refers to the medicines that are consumed
orally.
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CONT..
Bahiparimarjan
This refers to the medicines that are consumed
for local application.
Shastra Pranidhan
This refers to the remedies that are in the form of
surgical procedures involving the use of surgical
instruments.

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