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C O M B IN ED H EATIN G A N D C O O LIN G

TEC H N IQ U E FO R C O LD S TO R A G E
IN TEG R ATED W ITH TH ER M A L P O W ER
P LA N T: A C O N C EP TU A L S TU D Y

Ramapather Balaji, Fazil hassan P & Naviyn Kumar S


M Tech Scholars
Rural Energy Centre, Gandhigram Rural Institute (Deemed University),
Gandhigram.
balaji.227k@gmail.com, fazilhassanp@gmail.com,
naviynkumar20@gmail.com

Introduction
Cold storage
Preservation
Distribution

Dairy products, ice cream, meat

processing, poultry processing, fish


processing, fruits & vegetables etc.
Need both electric and thermal
energy

Refrigeration
Transfer of Heat
Low Temperature to High temperature

Temperature below local

environment
Food preservation
Cold storage
Air Conditioning

Vapor Absorption Refrigeration


system
Ammonia water based
Ammonia-refrigerant
Water-absorbent

Both refrigeration and air

conditioning

Am m onia Absorption
Refrigeration System

Therm alPow er Plant

Various losses in TPP

Am m onia Absorption Refrigeration


Plant for Cold Storage

Cost benefi
t analysis ofcold
storage driven by AARP
Sl.no.

Parameter

Case 2

Case 3

Conventional
Compression Cycle
Refrigeration Plant

AARP (with Grid power for


Auxiliaries)

AARP (with DG set for Auxiliaries)

Unit

1.

Capacity of Cold
Storage

Tons

2.

Storage
Temperature

Deg. C

3.

Refrigeration
Load

TR

4.

Source of Power

5.

Cost of Power

6.

Fuel

7.

Gross
Value

8.

Incremental
Initial Cost

Rs
million

9.

Annual Saving in
Running Cost

Rs
million

10.

Payback Period

Years

Calorific

Case 1

5000

5000

5000

5000

5000

5000

5000

5000

100

100

100

100

Grid

DG set

Grid

DG set

NA

NA

Bagasse

Rice Husk

Coal

Bagasse

Rice Husk

Coal

400

500

1500

400

500

1500

in

2.5

2.5

2.5

in

1.94

2.06

1.25

2.57

2.68

1.92

>1

<2

<1

>1

Rs/kWh

kCal/kg

Conclusion
The total electricity requirement reduces

substantially. A small DG set can be used to make


the cold storage independent of grid power.
The biomass and the agro fuel available locally
can be used to drive AARP. The operation cost and
maintenance cost of the cold storage is very low.
The cold storage can store a wide range of
products having different storage temperature.
The investment in grid power connection, stand
by DG set, plant room etc is substantially reduced.

References
[1] Herold KE, Radermacher L. Absorption heat pump, Mech. Eng., Aug,

1989;6873.
[2] Gosney WB. Principle of refrigeration. Cambridge Uni. Press, 1982.
[3] Perez-Blanco H. Absorption heat pump performance for different types of
solution. Int J Ref
1984;7(2):11522
[4]Adhikari, A., 2008. Out of cold storage. Business Today, 1 June. Available
Online: http://m.businesstoday.in/story/out-of-cold-storage/1/2178.html.
[5] Ajith Apte, 2001. ACRECONF, September 26-28, New Delhi, India. p.191192
[6]Alam, A.M., 2006. Agri-Exports : Challenges and Prospects. CAB Calling,
October-December. p.54. Available at: http://www.cab.org.in/CAB%20Calling
%20Content/Organic%20Agriculture%20and%20Food%20Industry%20[7]ASHRAE, 2002: 2002 ASHRAE Handbook Refrigeration, (SI edition).
American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Inc., Atlanta, GA, USA.
[7]http://www.grimsbytelegraph.co.uk/cold-stores-future-run-waste-heat/story20248477-detail/story.html#ixzz2n5SuH6x9

Thank you