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# EPRI PSE

## Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

EPRI 1010809
CIVIL/STRUCTURAL SERIES
MODULE 6
JET IMPINGEMENT AND PRESSURE

Slide 1

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

MODULE OBJECTIVES
The objectives of this module are as follows:
Describe the nature of the pressure/impulsive
Summarize aspects of structural response.
Describe the design methods.
Apply the above principles to solve example jet
impingement problems.
Discuss Computer Methods.
Slide 2

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

DEFINITIONS
Transient (time varying) loads that are determined by an external
source and are relatively insensitive to structural response.
Independent of the target inertial and stiffness properties.
Generally force, but not energy, limited.
May result from jet impingement, accidental sub-compartment
pressure, etc.

Caused by one body striking another.
The load is limited by the kinetic energy of the colliding bodies.
Affected by the inertial and stiffness properties of the striking
bodies.

Slide 3

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

DESIGN RANGES

Pressure
Resistance

L
O
A
D

L
O
A
D

L
O
A
D

Pressure
Resistance

Resistance
Pressure

TIME
to

## Pressure - Design Range

TIME

tm

TIME

to tm

tm

TIME

to

HIGH

LOW

VERY LOW

Impulse

Pressure-Time

Pressure

Incident Pressure

100 psi

100 psi

10 psi

Pressure Duration

short

intermediate

long

Response Time

long

intermediate

short

tm/to 3

3 tm/to 0.1

tm/to 0.1

Relationship of tm/to

Slide 4

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## TYPICAL HIGH ENERGY LINE BREAK

PRESSURE-TIME

P ressu re

Pressure

Rise

Decay Time

Time

Time

Slide 5

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

Jet Boundary

Core
Region

Break (Exit)
Plane

Asymptotic
Plane

Break (Exit)
Plane

Downstream
Plane

## Velocity, Pressure & Temperature Profiles

Non-expanding jet

## Velocity, Pressure & Temperature Profiles

Expanding jet

Slide 6

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## YIELD STRESS of A-7 and REINFORCING

STEEL (1 ksi = 6.9 Mpa)

Y ie ld s tre ss , (k si)

60
50

40

10-2

10-1

## Time to yield, (sec)

Slide 7

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## EFFECT OF RATE OF STRAIN ON

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF STEEL

190
170

150

## Rate of 6.95x10-3 in./in./sec.

is used as base
Watstein-weak concrete
Watstein-strong concrete
Abrams
Bureau of reclamation

130
110
90
10-6

10-5

10-4

10-3

10-2

10-1

10

100

## Rate of straining, in inches per inch per second

Slide 8

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

DISPLACEMENT-RESPONSE SPECTRA
FOR THREE TYPES OF IMPULSE

D y n a m ic M a g n ific a tio n F a c to r

2.4

Rectangular

2.0

Triangular

1.6
1.2
0.8
0.4
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.2

## Impulse length ratio,

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

t1
T
Slide 9

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## EFFECT OF DAMPING ON THE RESPONSE

100

E la stic R e sp o n se F o rc e (k ip s )

80

60
40
20
0

= 5%

-20
-40
-60
-80

Undamped

-100
0

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

Time (sec.)
Slide 10

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

Force f(t)
X(t)
F1

f(t)
Mass M

Stiffness K
td

System Schematic

Time t

## Triangular Impulse Load Time History

R e s ista n c e R

R
RM
K-Stiffness

Displacement X

Xe

Xm

## Elasto-Plastic Resistance Function

Slide 11

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## XM / XE CURVES FOR ELASTIC-PLASTIC

100
0.2

0.6

0.4

1.0

0.9

1.02

1.05

10

1.1

X m /X e

1.2
1.3
1.4
1.6
1.8
0
CR=2.0

1.0
Elastic
R

F(t)

Rm

Xm
tm

F1

CR
0.1
0.1

Rm
F1

td

X
Xe
Resistance function

1.0

Displacement
function

10

40

t
Value of CT d
T

Slide 12

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## ASSUMED STATIC DEFORMED SHAPES FOR

DETERMINATION OF TRANSFORMATION FACTORS

Elastic hinges

Plastic hinges

Plastic hinges

Slide 13

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## STRUCTURES WITH DISTRIBUTED MASS

AND STIFFNESS

Equivalent Mass The equivalent mass of the singledegree-of-freedom system is derived to maintain equality of
kinetic energy with the real system.
work done by the actual load in deflecting the real structure to the assumed
deflected shape, to the work done by the equivalent load on the equivalent
system.
Equivalent Resistance-Displacement Function The equivalent resistancedisplacement function is obtained by first determining the resistancedisplacement function for the real structure, then converting to the
equivalent system using the transformation factor KR.

Slide 14

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## COEFFICIENT FOR MOMENT OF

CRACKED SECTIONS
1.0
'

Ier= Fbd3

Value of

1.0

C
o
e
f
f
e
c
i
e
n
t
,
F

0.75
0.50
0.25
0

10-1

10-2
10-2

10-1
Ratio n

1.0
Slide 15

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## JET EXPANSION MODEL

X = 5Djet(exit)

Djet(exit)

Break Plane

= 10

Djet(asym)

Asymptotic Plane

Slide 16

EPRI PSE
Civil/Structural, Module 6-Jet Impingement and Pressure

## DETERMINATION OF SHAPE FACTORS

FOR JET IMPINGEMENT

r sin

K = cos

A1

D0

rj

K 1

Plane Surface

.424 D j
D0

Dj = 2rj

K = 0.576
D0

Slide 17