Sei sulla pagina 1di 11

SENSOR

SENSOR
detecting instrument: a
device capable of detecting
and responding to physical
stimuli such as movement,
light, or heat

1.2 Contact type sensor and Contact-less type


sensor
Contact Type Sensor (Limit Switch)
The limit switch is used to check
up and down limit of machine
moving parts. The number of the
limit switch movement, as the
lifetime, is about 50 million times.
The contact type of sensor that
detects by touching object such
as micro switch or limit switch has
shorter life.

The contact type of sensor that detects by touching object such as


micro switch or limit switch has shorter life.

Contact-less Type Sensor (Proximity Sensor)

The proximity
sensor and
Photoelectric
Sensor are widely
used as Contactless type sensor

Proximity Sensor is composed by electronic circuit, so it works not only high


frequency motion but also in high speed. It can last for a long time because
of not touching the object.

CHAPTER 2. Principle and Characteristic of a Proximity Sensor


2.1

Detection Principle
wood

The sensor that detects only


the iron by magnet field is
called High Frequency
Oscillator Proximity Sensor. In
general, the Proximity sensor is
this type.

Magnet
field
signal

iron
The Proximity sensor is the input tool as well as the Limit switch. When the objective
force is added, the limit switch would be on, and when it is released, it would be off.
In the same principle, when the iron comes close, the Proximity sensor would be on,
and when it far, it would be off.

2.2

STRUCTURE

Magnet
field

cord

lead wire
brown

load

black
Detection
side (resin)

metal case

blue

power
at the back of the
sensor, there is a LED.
This is indication
lamp for movement
and to know if the
sensor is working or
not.

LED
(Indication lamp for movement)

2.3

CHARACTERISTICS

If the Proximity sensor gets close to metal, it detects object when its in certain
area. This distance between the sensor and metal ( detection object ) is called
Detection distance.

Oh, metal is
coming
detection distance

metal

proximity
sensor

In the following case, how would the detection distance was changed?

Small piece of
iron
big piece of iron

The Proximity sensor detects object by the influence, which object affect
to magnet. This means, the bigger influence to magnet have, the longer
detection distance can have.
And the smaller influence it has, the shorter distance can have.

CHAPTER 3. The Components


metal

sensor
part

amplifier part

power

black
blue

output
power

Magnetic
field

1. Lead Wire = the power is being supplied to make the sensor work and
output signal to detect.

2. Coil = when the sensor is energized, it make a magnetic field. And


when metal is closer, it catches changes.
3. Detection circuit =when metal is detected, output the signal and send
to output circuit.

4. Output circuit

= it will send signal to the next tool

3.2 CLASSIFICATION BY COMPONENT

THE END