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Grid Integration of large DFIG Based

Wind Farms Using VSC Transmission

Presented by,
Ashutosh K Kushwaha
Guided By,
Mr. Parag Chourey


Wind turbine generator.

Basic circuit diagram of DFIG based on VSC

transmission .
Construction of DFIG
Feature of DFIG
Operation of DFIG
Advantages of DFIG
Feature of VSC based HVDC transmission
Benefits of VSC

INDEX Continue..
Grid Side VSC(GSVSC) and Wind Farm VSC

Control block diagram of GSVSC and WSVSC

We are using voltage source converter(VSC)

based- HVDC transmission system technology for

connecting large double fed induction generator
based wind farms over long distances.
To obtain smooth operation, the wind farm side
VSC is controlled as an infinite voltage source
that automatically absorbs power generated by
wind farm and maintains a stable local ac
Fault ride through of the system during grid ac
fault is achieved by ensuring automatic power
balancing through frequency modulation using
VSC and frequency control using DFIG.

Wind Turbine Generator

Squirrel Cage Induction generators driven by

fixed speed
Induction Generator with variable external source
rotor resistance driven by variable speed pitch
regulated wind turbine.
Doubly fed induction generator driven by variable

speed, pitch regulated wind turbines

Synchronous or Induction Generators with full
converter interface (back-to-back frequency
converter), driven by variable-speed, pitch regulated
wind turbines

Basic Circuit Diagram Of DFIG

Based on VSC transmission


VSC based on IGBT.
DC link Capacitor.
Double Fed Induction Generator.
AC Filter.
Coupling Transformer.

DFIG Feature
DFIGs have the ability to hold electrical torque

rapid fluctuations in mechanical power can be

temporarily stored as kinetic energy

Improves power quality.
Performance for large disturbances requires thorough
May lead to separation of unit.
process may not be readily apparent from simplified
dynamic simulations

Operation of DFIG
Doubly-fed induction generators are commonly used

in wind turbines to generate large amounts of

electrical power.
mechanical power at the machine shaft is converted
into electrical power supplied to the ac power network
via both the stator and rotor windings.
the machine operates like a synchronous generator
whose synchronous speed can be varied by adjusting
the frequency of the ac currents fed into the rotor
This DFIG operates like a single fed induction
generator only the difference is that for rotor field we
are applying AC currents which generated by the
wind farm.
The magnetic field created by rotor field is directly
proportional to the frequency of ac currents which is
fed in the rotor winding.

This means that the rotating magnetic field

passing through the generator stator windings not

only rotates due to the rotation of the generator
rotor, but also due to the rotational effect
produced by the ac currents fed into the
generator rotor windings.
Therefore, in a doubly-fed induction generator,
both the rotation speed of the rotor and the
frequency of the ac currents fed into the rotor
windings determine the speed of the rotating
magnetic field passing through the stator
windings, and thus, the frequency of the
alternating voltage induced across the stator

Advantages of DFIG
Allows Extracting Maximum Energy from the wind

at low speed by optimizing the turbine speed and

while minimizing mechanical stress.
Ability to generate or absorb reactive power by
the help of power electronics converter.
It has four quadrant operation.
Speed Control and Reduced Flicker.
Improved system efficiency and improve power

Feature of VSC Based HVDC

Attractive an option for bulk power transmission

over long or short distances and grid integration

of renewable energy sources.
Maintain system voltage stability
It is self commutated
The polarity of DC transmission system remains
unchanged in the case of reversal of power.

Benefits of VSC HVDC

Transmission System
Flexibility and controllability of the power flow.
Multi terminal configurations.
Fast response in case of disturbances.
Possibility to control the reactive power

(consumed or generated by the converter)

independently of the active power (to or from the
No risk of commutation failures in the converter.
Ability to connect to weak AC networks, or even
dead networks.

Faster response due to increased switching

frequency (PWM).
Minimal environmental impact.
Transmission distance using DC is not affected
by cable charging currents.
Fewer cables are required and lower cable power
cable losses.

Grid Side VSC and Wind farm


Equivalent AC circuit of GSVSC

Wind Farm VSC

Collect energy from Wind farm and transmits it to

the grid via two XLPE DC cable to the grid.

Controls the AC voltage and Frequency of the
Provide Reactive power to the grid.
A high pass filter (HFF) is connected at each side
to absorb the high frequency harmonics
generated by the converters during operation
Can not control DC voltage but Control AC

Control block Diagram of WFVSC

Grid side VSC

Grid side VSC

DC voltage controller.

Collect energy from WFVSC.

Control Block Diagram of GSVSC

Lie xu,Senior Member, IEEE,Liangzhong yao, and

christan sasse.
Principles of Doubly-Fed Induction Generators
(DFIG)-By lab volt.
S. Muller, M. Deicke, and R. W. De Doncker, Doubly
fed induction generator systems for wind turbines,
IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag., vol. 8, no.3, pp. 2633,
May/Jun. 2002.
R. Pena, J. C. Clare, and G. M. Asher, Double fed
induction generator using back-to-back PWM
converter and its application to variable speed windenergy generation, Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., Elect.
Power Appl., vol. 143, no. 3, pp. 231241, 1996.