Sei sulla pagina 1di 13

Humanism Theory

Victoria
Nayshma
Jennifer
Katherine

Who can we thank for the


Humanistic Theory?
Carl Ransom Rogers
(1902-1987)American theorist
most closely
associated with the
humanistic theory.
Some times called
The Founder of
Humanism.

Abraham Maslow
(1908-1970)
Born and raised in Brooklyn,
New York and attended
University of Wiscosin.

Also one of the found fathers of


the Humanistic theory.

What defines the


Humanistic Theory ?
People are inherently good and try to
make morally right decisions.

Perceptions of your experiences is a


result of your own view rather than
environment.

Focus on self, the individual.


Nurture over nature.
Decisions are goal-oriented , and
organism has a natural tendency to
strive, actualize and enhance
individuals experience.
This idea of a humans journey to self
actualization is best described in
Maslows Hirearchy of Needs

Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

Key Points
Focus:
Human Freedom
Dignity
Potential

The person must be


studied as a whole
Learning is studentcentered and
personalized
Educators are
facilitators

Main Purposes
Developing selfactualized,
autonomous
people
Areas of interest:
Study of self

Motivation
Goals

What does the Teacher do?

With Technology:

-The teacher demonstrates life skills.

-Uses appropriate resources on the Internet to give their students


knowledge.

-Using different software programs so the students are interactive.

Without Technology:

-Teachers have open classrooms.

-Finding alternative ways to give students assessments.

-The teachers themselves become a facilitator

of knowledge.

What do Students Do?

With Technology:

-Students choose what software they might want to use on their


projects.

-They can research information on the Internet on a subject of


their choice.

- Students can use technology to put creatively and imagination


on their schoolwork.

Without Technology:

-The students can do a lot of co-operative learning.

-The curriculum becomes more focus on what the students want


to learn.

-They learn to self-evaluate and monitor their own schoolwork.

Humanism Applied in the Classroom


Student-centered teaching focus on interesting
topics

Teach life skills


Respect the rights of the students to selfdeterminism; development of self-concept

Teacher facilitates learning; allows for discovery


Nurture creativity
Find alternative ways of assessment

Technological Applications
Can use online activities to foster discovery of
new ideas

Can encourage things such as just browsing the


web to learn new things each day

Open Classroom
Not bound by a certain curriculum
Not locked in by age or grade

Low student to teacher ratio


Goals of individual growth, critical thinking, cooperation, and a need for life-long learning

Focus on Learning Styles &


Co-operative Learning
Allows the student to utilize
their own learning styles
and whatever helps them
learn best
Peer-teaching and selflearning
Work in groups with other
students to decrease
dependence on teachers
and foster understanding
of others

Sources

http://www.garysturt.freeonline.co.uk/human.htm

www.free-clipart.net

www.classroomclipart.com

http://www.learningtheories.com/humanism.html

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/gary.sturt/huma
n.htm