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Humanism Theory


Who can we thank for the

Humanistic Theory?
Carl Ransom Rogers
(1902-1987)American theorist
most closely
associated with the
humanistic theory.
Some times called
The Founder of

Abraham Maslow
Born and raised in Brooklyn,
New York and attended
University of Wiscosin.

Also one of the found fathers of

the Humanistic theory.

What defines the

Humanistic Theory ?
People are inherently good and try to
make morally right decisions.

Perceptions of your experiences is a

result of your own view rather than

Focus on self, the individual.

Nurture over nature.
Decisions are goal-oriented , and
organism has a natural tendency to
strive, actualize and enhance
individuals experience.
This idea of a humans journey to self
actualization is best described in
Maslows Hirearchy of Needs

Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

Key Points
Human Freedom

The person must be

studied as a whole
Learning is studentcentered and
Educators are

Main Purposes
Developing selfactualized,
Areas of interest:
Study of self


What does the Teacher do?

With Technology:

-The teacher demonstrates life skills.

-Uses appropriate resources on the Internet to give their students


-Using different software programs so the students are interactive.

Without Technology:

-Teachers have open classrooms.

-Finding alternative ways to give students assessments.

-The teachers themselves become a facilitator

of knowledge.

What do Students Do?

With Technology:

-Students choose what software they might want to use on their


-They can research information on the Internet on a subject of

their choice.

- Students can use technology to put creatively and imagination

on their schoolwork.

Without Technology:

-The students can do a lot of co-operative learning.

-The curriculum becomes more focus on what the students want

to learn.

-They learn to self-evaluate and monitor their own schoolwork.

Humanism Applied in the Classroom

Student-centered teaching focus on interesting

Teach life skills

Respect the rights of the students to selfdeterminism; development of self-concept

Teacher facilitates learning; allows for discovery

Nurture creativity
Find alternative ways of assessment

Technological Applications
Can use online activities to foster discovery of
new ideas

Can encourage things such as just browsing the

web to learn new things each day

Open Classroom
Not bound by a certain curriculum
Not locked in by age or grade

Low student to teacher ratio

Goals of individual growth, critical thinking, cooperation, and a need for life-long learning

Focus on Learning Styles &

Co-operative Learning
Allows the student to utilize
their own learning styles
and whatever helps them
learn best
Peer-teaching and selflearning
Work in groups with other
students to decrease
dependence on teachers
and foster understanding
of others