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Sex Crimes and Offenders

Chapter 1

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Introduction
What is a sex crime?
What are some categories of sex crimes?

Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All


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Overview of Sex Crimes


Rape/sexual battery
Sexual assault
What is the difference between sexual assault and
sexual battery?

Child sexual abuse


Incest offenses
Indecent exposure/public indecency
Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All
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Overview of Sex Crimes


Statutory rape
Internet/technology related offenses

Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All


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Special Legal Issues


Difficulty in generalizing offenses across states
Variation in sex crime statutes design
Decriminalization efforts vary across states
Wilson v State (2007)
SORNA
Sexting

Laws subject to judicial challenge

Ashcroft v Free Speech Coalition (2002)

Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All


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Sex Offender Typologies


Why have sex offender typologies?
How were sex offender typologies developed?
Major Sex Offender Typologies
1) Child molesters
2) Rapists
3) Juvenile sex offenders
4) Female sex offenders
5) Cyber sex offenders

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Child Molesters
Groth and Birnbaum
Fixated or regressed

Knight and Prentkys classification system


Axis I and axis II

FBI typologies
Motivation continuum
Situational vs. referential offenders

See table 1.1


Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All
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Rapists

Groths typology
1) Anger; 2) Power; 3) Sadistic
Knight and Prentkys rapist typology (MTC: R3)
Expands Groths typology
1) Opportunistic; 2) Pervasively angry;
3) Sexual gratification; 4) Vindictive
All sub-types create a nine-type classification
system
Hazelwood and Warrens impulsive vs. ritualistic
Based off law enforcement experience
Impulsive and ritualistic offenders
See table 1.2

Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All


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Juvenile Sex Offenders


OBrien and Beras typology
7 categories
Nave experimenter, under-socialized, pseudo-socialized, sexual
aggressive, sexual compulsive, disturbed impulsive, and group
influenced

Prentky and colleagues (J-SOAP)


More fully developed version of OBrien and Beras
typology

Worlings typology
Empirically derived personality-based subgroups (4)
Antisocial/impulsive; unusual/isolated;
overcontrolled/reserved; confident/aggressive

See Table 1.3


Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All
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Female Sex Offender


Mathews et al.s typology
3 categories
Male-coerced; predisposed; teacher/lover

Syed and Williams typology


Separated male-coerced and male-accompanied
Added anger as motivation offender category

Vandiver and Kercher


6 categories
Heterosexual nurturers; noncriminal homosexual; female sexual
predator; young adult child exploiters; homosexual criminals;
aggressive homosexual criminals
Copyright 2013 Christina Mancini. All
rights reserved.

The full set of PowerPoint slides is


available upon adoption.
Email bhall@cap-press.com
for more information.