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TOPIC 3

MICROSOFT WINDOWS

Prepared by:
Mrs Rohani Hassan
Tutor OUM October 2009
INTRODUCTION
 At present, the most popular OS for personal computer or
PC is Microsoft Windows or MS-Windows or Windows.
 There are several versions of Windows:
 Windows 95
 Windows 97
 Windows 2000
 Windows XP
 Windows Vista

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3.1 INTRODUCTION TO WINDOWS

 Ms-Windows is an OS that uses a graphic environment as


its interface.
 An interface like this means the user can open several
windows and each windows can be used for a specific
purpose.
 In each Windows, there are icons and menus that are
used to give commands
 The user can make use of guide instruments such as a
mouse to click on the icon or menu.

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3.1.1 Advantages of Ms-Windows

 Advantages of MS-Windows:
 Easy to use
 Easy to manage
 Support a variety of hardware and software
 Reliable
 Safer

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3.1.2 Understanding MS-Windows
Screen

 Figure 3.1 Show main interface of Windows XP Screen.


There are several component:
 Standard Icons- My Documents, My computer, Recycle Bin,
Internet Explorer
 Taskbar – utilizes its space for the start button
 Quick Launch Toolbar – provides space for emplacing
application icons
 Icon, Menu, Button

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3.1.3 Standard Icon
 My Documents
 My Computer
 Recycle Bin
 My Network Places

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3.1.4 Opening and Closing MS-Windows

 Do this activity
 Start-Program-Accessories
 Start-Control Panel
 Click Shut down menu.

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3.2 MOUSE USAGE IN BRIEF

 The mouse is the most frequently used device when using


MS-Windows.
 The methods of using a mouse:
 Click Once
 Double Click
 Click and Drag
 Click right button

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3.3 WINDOWS MANAGEMENT

 Ms-Windows allows us to open several windows at one


time.
 Method of managing windows:
 Double Click My Computer Icon
 Moving a Windows
 Changing the Windows Size
 Shifting from One Window to Another
 Windows Arrangement
 Cascade Windows
 Tile Windows Vertically
 Tile Windows Horizontally

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3.4 THE USE OF START

 We have been exposed to the Start button:


 Start-Program
 Documents
 Settings – Control Panel

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3.5 FILES AND FOLDER

 Information in the computer is stored in files. Ms-


Windows allows the files to be arranged by using folder.
 File – Name and extension
 Folder
 Listing Files and Folders
 Windows Explorer

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3.6 MANAGEMENT OF FOLDER AND FILE

 Management of folder and file using Windows Explorer:


 Retrieving File / Folder
 Creating a New Folder
 Changing Folder / File Name
 Erasing File / Folder
 Choosing File / Folder List
 Shifting a File to Another Folder
 Transferring a File to Another Folder

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3.7 ACCESSORIES

 Ms-Windows provides a variety of software for us to use is


called accessories.
 Calculator
 Paint
 Notepad and Wordpad
 Backup
 Compress
 Scan Disk
 Disk Defragment

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SUMMARY

 Ms-Windows is an OS which is easy to use because it has


user-friendly interfaces
 It makes work easy and can be managed quickly through
the use of menu, icon, button and the short-cut menu.
 You have been exposed to the concept and facilities
provided by MS-Windows.

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