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AL INSAN WA AL-KHILAFAH

Introduction
A system of classifying human embryos was recorded in the
7
th
century AD by Eric Statle
Little was knows about the staging and classification of human
embryos until 20
th
century.
Hamm and Leeuwenhoek were the first scientist to observe
human sperm cell using an improved microscope in 1677.
The prophet had know about for more than 1000years ago
without the help of advanced and powerful equipment such as
we had now.
The Holy Quran described the stages of mans embryonic
development and expressed that in a very careful and
meaningful terms before the anatomist were able to identify
these stages.









The Process of Man
in
General
1. Clay ()
2. Spermatic Liquid ()
3. A Clot of Congealed Blood()
4. Chewed-Like Substance()
5. Bone()
6. Flesh()
7. Growth ()
THE HOLY QURAN ON
EMBRYONIC
DEVELOPTMENT
The Alaqah Stage()
Alaqah is an Arabic word which means Leech,
Suspended Thin and Blood Clot.
Leech; comparing a leech with an embryo means that at
this stage it obtains nourishment from the blood of the
mother, similar to the leech which it feed on blood of
others.
Suspended Things; means that the embryo was
embedded on the walls of the uterus(blastocyst).
Blood Clot; the presence of a large amounts of blood
present in the embryo which make it looks like a clot.


The Mudhghah
Stage()
Mudhghah means a chewed-like substance.
It can be describe as a piece of gum that is chewed
in our mouth.
This also because of the somites at the back of the
embryo somewhat resemble teeth marks that
presence on a chewed substance.

Comparison with the Darwin theory
of
Evolution
Darwin defined human as an evolution from ape until
human reaches a perfect stage as in today.
The was due to his observation towards the physical
similarities between human and ape. He concluded that
improves structure of an ape and their effort in
struggling for survival is what we call a man today(
referred to the Perfectness Theory).
This theory totally contradicts with the Quranic verses
because the creation of human is a natural process
created by Allah swt and we can allude to certain issues,
there are exceptions in 3 special cases.
The 3 Exceptional Cases.
1. Creation of Prophet Adam
1
st
human created
Created from clay
2. Creation of Hawa.
The 2
nd
human created.
To become Adams partner.
3. Creation of the Prophet Isa.
A miraculous birth without a father.

The Purpose
Of
Mans Creation
1. To worship Allah swt alone.
The ultimate purpose was to worship Allah
Created man and genie to serve Him.
2. To be the vicegerent of Allah
3. To fulfill the trust (Amanah)
To develop divine attributes in himself, includes goodness,
righteousness, truthfulness and justice.
To institute peace and assurance of life and property, to
organize humanity into an ordered society capable of
utilizing the bounties of allah in a proper and just way.
To establish the law of Allah swt (syariah).
4. To develop earth for the whole ummah.




Khalifah
- To succeed, to be a subtitute for, to take the place of
- According to Al- Asfahani: subtitution for a person
due to his absence, his death, his incompetence, as
an honour for the successor

Khalaif
Plural of khalifah
Group of people
In surah Yunus (10):14, Allah addressses
the nation that subtituted the perished
nations with khalaif
The natives that suceeded the past
nations that have been ruined due to their
rejection of faith
Khalifah Al-Ammah

Khalifah Kawniyah (vicegerent in universe)
by Farhat

Natural Khalifah by Sayyid Iskandar

Khilafah Wujudiah (vicegerency in existence)
by Al- Najjar
Natural khalifah since all mankind by nature are the avicegerent of
Allah as all of them have taken a covenant from Allah before they
came into being
In surah Fatir (35):39, allah addresses mankind with the word
khalaif and among them those who rejected faith in Allah and those
who believe in Allah
In Quran, the word khalaif is the nation that succeeds the past
nation that perished. Original reference to all mankind that succeed
one another
To believing nation that succeeded the non believing nation that
perished
Khilafah ammah refers to a duty of every muslim individual to
contribute his part in developing and improving the quality of the
life
Khalifah Al-Khassah
Refers to a Muslim leader who succeeds the Prophet (S.A.W) in
establishing and spreading Islam
In Surah Sad (38):26, Allah command Prophet Dawud a.s. the leader of
his people to judge them justly and fairly and not according to his
desire
Quran teaches us that we must implement Al-Amanah and Al-
Quwwah in our life
Al-Amanah: implies internal qulities necessary for accomplishing the
work
Al-Quwwah: connotes not only physical strength of a persn such as
intellectual, mental, and spitirual strength
In Conclusion, A duty of replacing and succeeding the Prophet
(S.A.W)
Qualifications of a Khalifah
Al-
Maward
i
Ibnu
Khaldu
n
Al -Mawardi

1
Justice together with all its
conditions.

2
Knowledge that equips them for
ijtihad in unforeseen and for
arriving at relevant judgements.

3
Good health ( hearing, sight,
speech) so that they may arrive at a
sound assessment of whatever
they perceive.

4
Perfect physical constitution and
limbs and being free of any
physical deficiency that might
restrict normal movement.

5
Sound judgement and being
capable of organizing the people
and managing the office of
administration.
Ibn
Khaldun

1
KNOWLEDGE Enables them to
make
Independent decisions.

2
PROBITY It is because Imamah is
a religious act and to supervise all
the other institutions probity is
required.

3
COMPETENCE- A khalifah must
be willing to carry out
punishments fixed by Shariah

4
PHYSICAL & MENTAL Must be
great and free from any defects

5
Being a member of Qurasyh family
The Superiority
Of
Mankind
PROSTATION TOWARDS ADAM
oMan is superior over other beings

MANS VICEGERENCY
Honored & superior
Faculty of reason & revelation as
guidance
Suppress his carnal desire


Subjection Of The Universe To
Man
Service to the man
Utilize and benefits


THE BREAHTHING IN OF THE
SPIRIT
Outer part and inner part.
according to imam Al-Ghazzali,
attribution to Allah from the soul is
greater than the power of physical
strength.
spiritual part.
position.

HUMAN INTELLIGENCE
Reason and aql
perceive, differentiate and judge
the Quran urges mans intellect to ponder on the
miracle of the creation
realize the mission of life.
dont fail to utilize human intellect
help to fulfill the responsibilities of vicegerency
FREEWILL
man can endowed with freedom of to enable
him to exercise his authority as vicegerent
within the limit of Allahs will.