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Security Level:

2014/10/10

PRACH Planning
2012-02-02

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Background of PRACH Planning


Random Access
Random access is generally performed when :
UE turns on from sleep mode
RRC reconnection
Performs handoff from one cell to another

Downlink loss time synchronization


UE loses uplink timing

Two types
Based on compete Random Access

Based on Non-compete Random Access

Purpose
Acquiring uplink timing synchronization

Acquiring uplink resource allocation information

Physical Channel
PRACH
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Background of PRACH Planning


PRACH
Physical Random Access Channel
Bandwidth: 1.08M
Equivalent as 6RBs
6*12*15k=1.08 MHz

64 types of PRACH configuration


which restrict PRACH to certain time resource

Physical resource blocks in the frequency domain


Next to PUCCH

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Background of PRACH Planning


Random Access Preamble
Carried by Physical random access channel
Random access preamble format
PRACH Burst
CP

Preamble Sequence

TCP

TSEQ

GP

Consists of a cyclic prefix of length TCP , a sequence part of length TSEQ and
Guard Period

Preamble format(FDD)
Preamble
Format

TCP

TSEQ

TGP

Maximum multipath Maximum


delay extension TMD Cell Radius

103.1us

800us

96.9us

6.2us

14.5km

684.4us

800us

515.6us

168.8us

77.3km

203.1us

1600us

196.9us

6.2us

29.5km

684.4us

1600us

715.6us

15.4us

100km

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Purpose of PRACH Planning(1)


To choose a proper preamble format
Impact the random access radius(Cell radius)
Impact the supported maximum multipath delay

To configure proper time resource for PRACH


Impact access capacity
Reduce interference between neighboring cells

To configure different Root Sequence Index for neighboring cells


Reduce interference between neighboring cells
Guarantee success rate of RA

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Purpose of PRACH Planning(2)


Preamble Format & time resource
PRACH Configuration Planning
Same time resource for neighboring cells
Cell C
With CFG 7

PUCCH

PUCCH

PUCCH

PUSCH

PUSCH

PUSCH interference1

PUCCH

Cell B
with CFG 6

Cell A
with CFG 6

interference0
PRACH

PRACH

PUCCH

PUCCH

Under same conditions, Interference1>>Interference0

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Principle of PRACH Planning(1)


Root Sequence Index Planning
High priority for High Speed Cell

On high speed condition, sequence from different sub-group have different


supported cell radius.

High priority for wide radio coverage cell

High performance sequences are required for wide radio coverage cell.

Reuse Root Sequence in accordance with certain fundamentals

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Principle of PRACH Planning(2)


Root Sequence
Sequence Quantity
838 , from 0 to 837

Classification
2 Groups
Low CM group(CM<=1.2db) , Assign to high speed & wide coverage cell.
High CM group(CM>1.2db), Assign to low speed cell.
(Cell radius, Transmission power, electromagnetic wave distort , PAPR )
Huawei suggestion is 24-455 assign to High speed cell, Low speed cell use 0-815.

32 Sub-group
Basis: the supported maximum cyclic shifts (cell radius) for high speed cell

Logical Root Sequence Index


sequence number for the ordered root sequence

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Method of PRACH Planning(Example)


Preamble Sequence
64 Preamble sequences are required for each cell
Preamble sequence is derived from Root Sequence
NCS : Cyclic shifts for preamble generation
NCS configuration

NCS value
Unrestricted set

Restricted set
15
18
22
26

4
5
6
7
8

0
13
15
18
22
26
32
38
46

9
10
11
12
13
14
15

59
76
93
119
167
279
419

82
100
128
158
202
237
-

0
1
2
3

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32
38
46
55
68

Page 9

Method of PRACH Planning(Example)


Step 1: Calculate the Ncs value of a cell according to the cell radius and maximum
delay spread.

Formula:

N CS 1.04875 (6.67 r TMD 2)

r :cell radios(km), TMD: Maximum time delay spread(u second), default value=5

TMN LTE network urban scenario, cell radios is 7km. From the formula above we can
know that Ncs=56. Mapping to the most closed standard Ncs value is 59.

Step 2: Use Root Zadoff-Chu sequence number 839 divided 59. the rounded down
number is 14.
Step3: Every cell need to generate 64 preamble sequences. So 64/14=4.57. In round
number is 5.So the root Zadoff-Chu sequence is 0,5,10,15838. Total number is 165.

Step4: According to the reuse principle, allocate proper ZC root sequence indexes to
cells.

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PRACH Planning--Huawei
Tool

Huawei U-Net
Planning Method
Based on the Method stated above
PRACH Reuse strategy based on:
Actual distance

Relative distance
Coverage Prediction
Antenna azimuth
Antenna height
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Appendix: Root sequence index group (1)


CM group

LOW CM

HIGH CM

Sub group number


0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

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Max Ncs
15
18
22
26
32
38
46
55
68
82
100
128
158
202
237
237
202
158
128
100
82
68
55
46
38
32
26
22
18
15
-

Huawei Confidential

Logical root sequence number


023
2429
3035
3641
4251
5263
6475
7689
90115
116135
136167
168203
204263
264327
328383
384455
456513
514561
562629
630659
660707
708729
730751
752765
766777
778789
790795
796803
804809
810815
816819
820837

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Appendix: Root sequence index group (2)

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Appendix: PRACH configuration(3)

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Thank you
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