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HUMANIST APPROACH

WHAT IS HUMANISM?

Humanism is originally a psychological term. It
emphasizes the importance of the inner world of
the human being and places the individuals
thoughts, feelings and emotions at the forefront
of all human developments.

WHAT IS HUMANISTIC APPROACH?

Humanistic approach is a language teaching
method which emphasize humanism as the
most significiant element in the teaching
process.

Principles of humanistic approach:

Development of human values
Growth in self-awareness and in the
understanding of others
Sensitivity to human feelings and
emotions
Active student involvement in learning
and in the way learning takes place


WHAT MAKES IT UNIQUE
Affective humanistic approach sees human being as
a whole person.
The content is decided by the student.
The information and learning that takes place
appeals to what the student hopes to gain and learn.
It depends less on materials techniques and
linguistic analyses, and more on what goes on inside
and between people in the classroom.
WHY HUMANISTIC APPROACH EMERGED?
o Humanistic approach emerged to eliminate the
limitations of audiolingual (behaviouristic) and
cognitive approach (cognitivist).
o Humanistic approach view of the human being: made
up of a house consisting of mind, body, emotion and
spirit but traditional view of the student our
educational system is generally focused on the first
floor where we deal with observable data,
information focused on skills and knowledge base so
that young people can become good employees,
workers, entrepreneurs and providers for their
families what we might call a success in life
There are three most important figures in humanistic
approach;
Eric Erikson sees that humans psychological development
depends not only on the way in which individuals pass
through predetermined maturational stages but on the
challenges that are set by society at particular times in their
lives.
Abraham Maslow who proposes a famous hierarchy of
needs deficiency needs and being needs.
Carl Rogers who supports that human beings have a
natural potential for learning but this will take place only
when learning is relevant to individual.
Although they have different ideas they all advocates
humanistic approach.
WHAT ARE SOME IMPORTANT AFFECTIVE
FACTORS IN HUMANISTIC APPROACH?
ANXIETY: a state of apprehension, uncertainty, and fear
resulting from the anticipation of a realistic or fantasized
event or situation.
SELF ESTEEM: is a kind of self judgment of worth or
value.
LANGUAGE EGO: it refers to the relation between
people feelings of personal identity, individual
uniqueness and value of their first language.
EMPATHY: it means putting oneself into someone else
shoes of reaching beyond others feelings.

APPROACH
Theory of learning:

It is constructivist.
According to AHA learning is conducive to personal
change and growth and can facilitate learning
provided that the student participates completely in
the learning process and has control over its nature
and direction.
AHA sees individuals as different from each other in
terms of psychological and social side.
Theory of language:

It is structural and
functional.

It includes structural
functional activities.

It gives importance to
forms and meaning.

Students learn only
when language is
meaningful for them.


OBJECTIVES
Students will learn best what they want and need
to know.
Knowing how to learn is more important than
acquiring a lot of knowledge
Self-evaluation is the only meaningful evaluation
of a student's work.
Feelings are as important as facts.
Students learn best in a non-threatening
environment
TEACHER ROLES
Allow the student to have a choice in the
selection of tasks and activities
whenever possible.

Help students learn to set realistic goals.

Have students participate in group work,
especially cooperative learning, in order
to develop social and affective skills.

Act as a facilitator for group discussions
when appropriate.

Be a role model for the attitudes, beliefs
and habits you wish to foster. Constantly
work on becoming a better person and
then share yourself with your students.
LEARNER ROLES

They are autonomous.
They learn what they want..Also they are director as
they shape their activities and group works.
SYLLABUS

Students are given the freedom
to determine and assess their
learning and they study
language which they find
meaningful and relevant to
them.

Therefore they learn whatever
form of language that they see
important for their

LEARNING TEACHING ACTIVITIES

Learning together: 4 to 6 students have a worksheet
they must learn or complete together.
encouraged to help each other.
No competition among groups.
Student Teams - Achievement Division (STAD)
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Bringing variety and creativity
to the use of materials and
activities used in class is the
most facile and fun way of
keeping the motivation level
high in a language class.
Visually attractive handouts,
worksheets,
flipchart,
realia,
newspapers,
audiovisual aids
CHARACTERISTICS
The characteristics of this approach are as follows:
There should be respect for both the teacher and
students and their feelings.
Meaningful communication is emphasized.
Pair and group work are emphasized.
It is important for students to support each other.
Learning a foreign language is a self-realization
experience.
Teacher is like a counselor.
Teacher should be proficient in the target language
and students' native language.
Translation can be used in initial stages to support
positive feelings of the st
ADVANTAGES

It improves cooperativeness, creativity and independence.
It increases positive attitudes towards teacher and school.
It develops stres free environment.
It reflects a holistic affective and student centered view of
language learning.
It promotes self confidence.
Teachers can use music, art and action to make the class
interesting and lively.
DISADVANTAGES

Humanistic teachers aim for good things but these are
not clearly defined.
Humanistic approach is highly dependent upon the
capabilities of the teacher.. Teachers should be proficient
in the foreign/second language and they should be
viewed as facilitators and counselors
It requires carefull preparation of materials.
Some members dominate anothers are ignored.
CONCLUSION

Language teaching and learning is a complex process. In this
process, what to learn and how to learn are influenced by
the cognitive motivation, yet cognitive motivation is
determined by individualsaffect. So in language teaching,
teachers should always bear the affective factors in their
minds and put students in the first place, then they may
achieve the success in language teaching.
The honeymoon of humanistic approaches was short lived.
The problem was that humanism in ELT had become
associated with topics such as psycho drama, NLP or gestalt
therapy.