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REFRIGERATION

1. ____ is the process of maintaining


the space cooler than the surrounding.
Refrigeration
2. Air trapped in piping, equipment
etc., such as a steam radiator, which
prevent maximum heat transferred.
Air Bound
3. A cooling medium that removes
the heat from the area to be cooled and
give up heat in the chiller.
Chilled Water
4. A heat exchanger in which low
pressure refrigerant boils or vaporized thus
absorbing the heat that was removed from
the refrigerated cooling medium
Chiller
5. An indication of the number of
tons of refrigerant being produced.
Chiller load
6. Is the ratio of the refrigerating
effect to work of compression.
Coefficient of Performance
7. A fluid used for picking up heat
which is circulated to heat exchanger,
where heat is removed.
Cooling Medium
8. The total heat content of a
substance, expressed in BTU/lb.
Enthalpy
9. A type of system where only part of the
circulated refrigerant is evaporated, with
the remained being separated from the
vapor and then circulated.
Flooded Refrigeration System
10. Ice formation on a refrigeration system
at the expansion devices making the
device inoperative.
Freeze up
11. Pressure at the discharge of a
compressor or in the condenser. It is also
known as high side pressure.
Head Pressure
12. A vessel permanently connected to a
system by inlet and outlet pipes for
storage of a liquid refrigerant.

Liquid Receiver
13. Mechanical input in horsepower divided
by tons of refrigerating effect produced.
Horsepower per ton
14. The heat added or extracted when a
substance change from solid to liquid state
or from liquid to solid state.
Latent Heat of Fusion
15. Refrigerant piping through which liquid
refrigerant flows from the condenser to the
expansion valve.
Liquid Line
16. An evaporator constructed of pipe or
tubing.
Expansion Coil
17. The portion of a refrigeration system in
which the refrigerant is at low pressure.
Low side
18. The operation by which the refrigerant
in a charged system is pumped in liquid
from into the condenser/receiver.
Pump Down
19. The amount of heat absorbed in the
evaporator which is the same as the
amount of heat removed from the space to
be cooled.
Refrigerating effect
20. An evaporating temperature of 5
o
F, a
condensing temperature of 86
o
F produce
a standard ton conditions.


Standard Conditions
21. Is a system which uses heat energy to
make a change in the condition required in
the refrigeration cycle. A generator
absorber pump circuit replaces the
complex mechanical compressor.
Absorption Refrigeration
22. Is the removal of air in refrigeration
system.
Purging
23. Is a losed vessel containing pipe oil
through the water is circulated.
Intercooler

24. It consist principally of a horizontal or
vertically mounted shaft having a propeller
of suitable size.
Brine agitator
25. Is an instrument reading gauge
pressure from zero to 300 psi and is used
for measuring pressure
Pressure gauge
26. Is the ratio of the weight of the air
which is trapped in the cylinder at the
beginning of compression stroke to the
weight of that could be contained the
cylinder under condition of atmospheric
pressure
volumetric efficiency
27. Disadvantage of absorption
refrigeration is _________________ ?
A much lower Coefficient of Performance
28. Purpose of dehydration in Freon 12
units is _____________ ?
To remove the moisture from the
refrigeration in the system
29. Is a safety device. It prevents liquid
refrigerant from flowing into the suction line
and into the compressor.
Accumulator
30. Is a storage tank for liquid refrigerant
Liquid receiver
31. Refrigerant is pumped out location of
liquid receiver is at the ___________
Bottom of condenser
32. Is commonly used to carry the liquid
refrigerant from condenser to the
evaporator
Copper tubing
33. Keeps moisture, dirt, metal and chips
from entering the refrigerant flow control
Liquid line filter - drier
34. Is used on flooded system where the
evaporator is flooded with the refrigerant
and the refrigerant level is controlled by a
float valve
Low side float
35. Located in the liquid receiver tank or in
a chamber in the high pressure side. When
enough refrigerants collected, the float will
rise enough to open the needle valve
High side float
36. Is a refrigerant control operated low
side pressure

Automatic expansion
37. Use oils that have a low pour point
temperature at which oil begins to flow
38. The process of removing unwanted air
vapors, dirt, or moisture from the system
Purging

39. Are made of steel or brass
Valve stems
AIR CONDITIONING
1. Controlling the properties of air so
that the air will be suitable for its intender
use.
Air conditioning
2. Study of the properties of air and
its water vapor content.
Psychrometry

3. Air whose conditions is such that
any decrease in temperature will result in
condensation of the water vapor into liquid
Saturated air
4. The actual temperature of the air
Dry bulb temperature
5. The temperature of the air if it is
saturated
wet bulb temperature
6. Is an instrument consisting of two
thermometers, one to measure the wet
bulb temperature of the air.
Psychrometer

7. The temperature at which the
water vapor in the air condenses when the
air is cooled at constant pressure.
Dew point
8. The weight of vapor in a unit
volume, usually expressed as grains per
cubic foot.
Absolute humidity
9. To reduce the quantity of water
vapor within the space
dehumidity
10. To remove water from any vapor within
of matter
Dehydrate

11. The process of supplying or removing
air by natural or mechanical means to or
from any space.
Ventilation

12. Is a mechanical mixture of gases and
water vapor
Air

13. Is composed chiefly of nitrogen
(approximately 78% by volume) and
oxygen (approximately 21%), the
remaining 1% is carbon dioxide.
Dry air
14. however, the amount of water vapor in
the air varies greatly with the particular
locality and with the weather conditions
and normally is ______
1% to 3%
15. Is use to denote air without water
vapor.
Dry air
16. States that in any mechanical mixtures
of gases and vapors, each gas or vapor in
the mixture exerts an individual partial
pressure that is equal to the partial
pressure that the gas would exert if it
occupied the space alone
Daltons Law of Partial Pressure
17. air, being a mechanical mixture of
gases and water vapor, obeys _______
Daltons Law
18. The temperature at which the water
vapor in the air is saturated is known as
__________
Dew point temperature
19. The pressure exerted by any vapor is
directly proportional to the _______
Density of the vapor
20. The dewpoint temperature depends
only ___________________
On the partial pressure exerted by the water
vapor
21. As vapor density remains unchanged,
________________________
The dewpoint temperature of air will also
remain unchanged
22. The maximum amount of vapor that
can be mixed with any given volume of dry
air depends only on the __________
Temperature of the air
23. The water vapor in the air is called
______
Humidity

24. The _________ of the air at any given
condition is the mass of water vapor per
unit volume of air at that condition.
Absolute Humidity
25. The actual mass of water vapor per unit
volume of air is a function of _________
Dew point temperature
26. Is the ratio of the actual partial pressure
exerted by the water vapor in any volume
of air to the partial pressure that would be
exerted by the water vapor if the water
vapor in the air is saturated at the
temperature of the air
Relative humidity
27. Is defined also as the ratio of the actual
vapor density to the vapor density at the
saturation
Relative humidity
28. The _______ is sometimes called
_______
Humidity ratio, specific humidity
29. Is the expression of mass of water
vapor per unit mass of dry air.
Humidity ratio
30. 1 lb = ______ grains
7000
31. For any given barometric pressure, the
________ is a function of the ________
alone.
Humidity ratio, dew point temperature
32. Increasing the barometric pressure,
_____________ .
Decreasing the dew point temperature
33. The ________, sometimes called
_______ .
Saturation ratio, percent humidity
34. Is the ratio of the mass of water vapor
per unit mass of dry air to the mass of
water vapor required for saturation of the
same air sample.
Saturation ratio
35. ___________ of the air is the
temperature as measured by an ordinary
DB thermometer.
Dry bulb temperature
36. When the measuring the DB
thermometer of air, the bulb of the
thermometer should be shaded to reduce
the effects of ________ .
Direct radiation
37. A __________ is an ordinary
thermometer whose bulb is enclosed in a
wetted cloth.
Wet bulb thermometer
38. The ________ is made up of two
thermometers, one dry bulb and the other
wet bulb, mounted side by side.
Sling Psychrometer
39. Unless the air is 100% saturated, in
which case the ____________ of the air
will be the _____________ .
DB, WB and DP temperatures, the same
40. The amount of by which the WB
temperature is reduced below the DB
temperature depends on RH of the air and
is called _____________ .
WB depression
41. Whereas the DB thermometer, being
__________, measures only the actual
temperatures of air. When __________ is
brought into contact with water, water will
evaporate into the air at a rate
proportional to the difference in pressure
between the vapor pressure of the water
vapor in the air.

Unaffected by humidity, unsaturated air
42. The ________ of the air is a function of
_________ .
Sensible heat, DB temperature
43. The _________ of air is a function of
_________.
Latent heat, DP temperature
44. The ________ of the air is a function of
the __________.
Total heat, WB temperature
45. As long as the DP temperature of the
air remains ________, the latent heat of
the air also remains ________ .
Unchanged, unchanged
46. The temperature of the spray water in
the spray chamber is equal to ________ .
WB temperature
47. ___________ is defined as air having a
density of 0.075 lb/ft
3
, 70
o
F, and 14.7
psi.

Standard air
48. _________ are the graphic
presentations of the psychrometric
properties of air.
Psychrometric charts
49. ________ is the difference between the
actual or true specific enthalpy of the air at
any given condition and the specific
enthalpy of saturated air at given WB
temperature.
Enthalpy deviation
50. ________ of the air occurs whenever
the air is passed over a heating surface
(dry), such as a steam or hot water coil,
whose temperature is above the
__________.
sensible heating, DB temperature of air
51. Substance that have the ability to
absorb moisture from the air are called
______. Some are activated alumina, silica
gel, calcium sulfate and zeolites.
Desiccants

52. Is the presence of moisture or water
vapor in air.
Humidity

53. Is an instrument use to measure
moisture in the air
Hygrometer

54. Used to collect dust
Electric precipitator
56. ______ will be indicated by an increase
in the amount of noticeable electrostatic
energy.
Low humidity
57. Affects comfort. If person feels much
colder than thermometer shows.
Air movement
58. Uncomfortable feeling
Wind chill
59. Is necessary to supply fresh air to a
controlled space

Air movement
60. Air velocity measurement :
a. Anemometer
b. Velocimeter
c. Velocity pressure
61. is at term applied to changing the air in
a building. In a space occupied by people,
breathing reduces the oxygen content.
Ventilation
62. Is a measure to help indicate the
heating or cooling needed for a given
region.
Degree days
63. If there is no air movement within a
room, the air may tend to stratify. That is
cold air will sink to the floor and the
warmer air will rise to the ceiling.

Stratification

64. Are substance that are in some way a
detriment to comfort.
Contaminants

65. Is a form of oxygen photochemically
produced in nature
Ozone (O
3
)

66. Uses water as refrigerant
Steam jet cooling
67. Absorption cycle air conditioning
system use _______ as refrigerant.
Water

68. The air that contains no water vapor is
called ________ .
Dry air
69. The temp. of air in an airconditioning
applications ranges from about ______
-10
o
C to

50
o
C

70. Water vapor is an ideal gas, the
enthalpy of water vapor is a function of
________ .
Temperature only
71. The mass of water vapor present in
aunit mass if dry air is called
________________
Absolute or specific humidity
72. The specific humidity of dry air is _____
.
zero
73. The relative humidity ranges from 0 for
dry air to 1 for __________ .
Saturated air
74. The amount of moisture in air depends
on its ________ .
temperature
75. _______ is defined as the
temperatures at which condensation
begins if the air is cooled at constant
pressure.
Dew point
76. For saturate air, _________________
are identical.
The dry bulb, wet bulb and dew point
temperatures
77. The hands feel painfully cold when the
skin temperatures reaches ____

10
o
C
78. The comfort of the human body
depends primarily on three factors :
Dry bulb temp.
Relative humidity
Air motion



79. Most people feel comfortable when the
environment temperature is between
_______ .
22 and 27
o
C

80. __________ is a measure of airs
ability to absorb more moisture.
Relative humidity
81. Most people prefer a relative humidity
of __________ .
40 to 60 percent
82. Air motion also plays an important role
in ________ .
Human comfort
83. __________ removes the warm, moist
air that builds up around the body and
replaces it with fresh air.
Air motion
84. Most people feel comfortable at an
airspeed of about ______ .
15 m/min.
85. ___________ of airconditioning
adding moisture.
Humidifying process
86. ___________ of airconditioning,
removing moisture.
Dehumidifying process
87. During simple heating and cooling
process has a ___________ .
Constant humidity ratio
88. Dry bulb temp. is increasing during
_________.
Heating process
89. Relative humidity decreases during
______.
Heating process
90. Dry bulb temperature decreases during
__________ .
Cooling process
91. The specific humidity of air remains
constant during a simple cooling process,
but its relative humidity ___________ .
Increases

92. A device that is used to measure the
dry bulb and wet bulb temp. is known as
________.
Sling psychrometer

93. The evaporative cooling process
follows a line of ______________ on the
psychrometric chart.
Constant wet bulb temperature
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