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How much do you know about

Islam?

1. How many Muslims are there in the world?
2. What man is usually considered the founder of
Islam?
3. How many children does the average Muslim
woman have?
4. What does the Arabic word "islam" literally
mean?
5. What five countries have the largest Muslim
populations?
6. What is the name of Islam's holy book?
7. What language was this book written in?

ISLAMIC PHILOSOPY OF
EDUCATION
BY
Dr. Chua Lee Chuan
8. What province in India has the largest percentage of
Muslims?
9. What are the five pillars (central practices) of Islam?
10. What nation in South America is more than 15%
Muslim?
11. What city do Muslims face when they pray?
12. Where is this city?
13. What five countries in Europe (excluding Russia) have
the largest percentage of Muslims?
14. What are the two main branches of Islam?
15. What do Muslims call the building where they worship?

1. 1 billion
2. Mohammed
3. Six
4. The "Way of Submission", or "Surrender"
5. Indonesia, Pakistan,Bangladesh, India, Nigeria
6. Qur'an (Koran)
7. Arabic
8. Kashmir
9. The confession, ritual prayer, giving alms, observing
Ramadan, making the pilgrimage to Mecca.
10. Suriname
11. Mecca
12. Saudi Arabia
13. Albania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, France, West
Germany
14. Sunni and Shi'a
15. Mosque
Islamic philosophy
Philosophy which is based on the teaching of
Islam or revealed knowledge (obtained from
the holy book, al-Quran and As-Sunnah)
The role of Islamic Philosophy is to explain
the relationship between man and his
Creator (Allah), between man and man, and
between man and his environment.
Islamic Education
is a process to educate and train the mind, body, soul
and emotion of man based on revealed knowledge (al-
Quran and As-Sunnah), experiences of salaf al-Salih
and prominent educators in the hope to produce human
beings who is knowledgable, believes in God, pious,
performed good deeds, and has good personality in
order to carry out his responsibilities as caliph as
specified by Allah onto mankind to develop oneself,
society, environment, and country in order to achieve
happiness in this world and the world after.
Islamic education is a process to consciously guide
educators mould students based on the teachings of
Islam
Goals and Aims of Islamic
Education
The goal of Islamic Education, based on al-Quran and
As-Sunnah, is to mould and develop human being as a
Muslim who is knowledgeable, believes in God,
performs good deeds, and has good personality in an
effort to equip himself and be responsible as a servant to
God and be a pious leader.
The aims of Islamic Education is to educate students:
to be of good behaviour
to achieve perfection in their soul
to do good and noble deeds
to practise refined culture
to get use to cleanliness, sincerity and good practices
Islamic Philosophy of Education

Philosophy of education is based on the teaching of Islam or
revealed knowledge.
Islamic Philosophy of Education , Malaysian Ministry of
Education states that Islamic education is a continuous effort
to deliver knowledge, skills and practices of Islam based on al-
Quran and as-Sunnah in developing attitude, skills, personality,
and views of life as a servant of God who is responsible to
develop oneself, society, environment, and country to achieve
happiness in this world and the world after.
It aims to prepare man with sufficient experiences and
knowledge so that he knows who he is, his roles and
responsibilities as a servant to God and a leader so as to be
devoted human being.
Islamic Philosophers
Ibnu Khaldun 1332-1406,
Muhammad Iqbal 1877-1938 (pakistan)
Al-Ghazali 1058-1128 (Iran)
Al-Kindi 800-873 (Iraq)


Ibnu Khaldun
Regarded knowledge and education as one industry
Reproduction of values
Inculcation of religious values
Training in knowledge and know-how (to achieve perfection
in human)
Learning of trades
Teaching of arts and sciences
Teaching both theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge
Using good examples as models (learning through direct
observations)
Believe in continuous repetition (Limited receptivity)
Learning should take place at a very young age
at the beginning the student is literally incapable of
understanding anything at all

Against the teaching of more than one subject once
Moderate use of authority and punishment
the need to instruct without afflicting the pupil and killing
his or her spirit
Uses of force are enemies to learning, and that they lead to
laziness, lying and hypocrisy
Examples used should be drawn from the sensory
experience
teacher should make sure that what is taught is
completely assimilated before moving on to the next
area (mastery)
Does not believe in overloading the students with work



Mohammad Iqbal
A reformer of Islamic society
Did not believe in mere belief in God
Against Sufism ( which says, Accept your destiny even
if it is against you)
human should arise against destiny that tied one down
human must change the world, instead of succumbing to
heavenly fate stated in Quranic Islam
Opposed theocracy and dictatorship and considered
them against the free spirit of Islam
Only education will be able to
Improve the life of the muslim community
Transform a muslim into a perfect human being
Encourage members of the society to work collaboratively
Al Ghazali
employed Plato and Aristotles Philosophy
Education includes intellectual aspect,
physical training, moral (noble, brave and
respectful character) and religion
Aim of education
cultivate man so that he abides by the
teachings of religion
assured of salvation and happiness in future
life
love of knowledge
learning must be put into practice
teachers should honour and praise
students who excel and have good attitude
encourage and incite other students to follow
the good example

teachers should consider the differences in
character and ability between students
should not push the pupils beyond their capacity
nor attempt to bring them to a level of knowledge that
they cannot absorb
teachers should allow students play games
(after school)
recover the fatigue of study
freed from constraints
prevent students from playing and burdening them
with lessons weary their heart, blunt their mind and
make then despise of studying
True knowledge knowledge of God, His books, His
prophets and the kingdoms of heaven and earth.
Purpose of knowledge help man achieve plenitude and
attain true happiness
Value of learning lies in its usefulness and veracity
Distinguishes clearly between two types of curriculum
obligatory science (must be studied by everyone)
optional science (studied according to the wishes and
capacities of student)
education is not merely imparting knowledge to students
education is an interaction, affecting and benefiting both
the teacher and students(active learning)
teacher a model and an example, not only a medium of
knowledge
teaching should be linked to concrete situations
teachers should move to next topic after student masters
it
teacher should pay attention to interconnectedness
Gradual and patient approach in teaching
students should:
be spiritually pure before receiving knowledge
respect teachers and behave in a civil manner
towards them
beware of paying too much attention to doctrinal
controversies
master the fundamental of praiseworthy science and
study deeper on those fields
choose useful subjects that are conducive to salvation
in the hereafter
study each subject thoroughly before going on to
another
art and artistic education
condemns listening to music and singing
associated with gatherings where one is
drunk
religious and heroic songs are allowed
revive ones spirit, rejoice the heart and help
one to carry on the work of the world
dancing must be practiced and watched in
appropriate places does not arouse desire
or encourage sinful acts
Al-Kindi
(Arab Muslim Philospher)
Born in iraq
He was a Arab philosopher, mathematician,
physician, scientist
Best known as the philosopher of the Arabs
Greatest Islamic philosopher during his time
greatly influence by Aristotles philosophy
through translation movement (employed to
translate greek texts but he did not understand
greek. He polished translation made by others)
World is divided into 2 parts (similar to aristotles view)
Earth subject to disintegration
Above earth not subjected to disintegration
Adopts a scientific approach
Learners should not accept information without
proof
He pushed for supremacy of reason
His ideas were revolutionary during his time
Emphasis on rationalism
Believe in reasoning over revealed religion
Mind and soul is more important than the body
(Intellectal and spiritual development is more
impt than physical aspect worldly goods,
material world)
His ideas were related to our philosophy of
education and vision 2020