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GEOCENTRICITY

Geocentricity vs.
Geocentrism

Animations courtesy of
“Galileo Was Wrong.”
Geocentrism
 Geocentrism holds that the earth is at the center
of the universe and that the universe is
compartmentalized into different parts.
 Gravitation is a real force
 Centrifugal force is a fictitious force
 Coriolis force is a fictitious force
 When forming a theory, the effect of the universe
can be ignored
 Quantum mechanics is separate from regular
mechanics
 Geocentrism has no room for the Bible
Geocentricity
 Geocentricity is an integrated approach to the
universe
 Gravitation is a real force
 Centrifugal force is a real, gravitational force
 Coriolis force is a real, gravitational force
 When forming a theory, the effect of the universe
must be considered
 Quantum mechanics & regular mechanics
originate from the rotating firmament
 Geocentricity, as an integrated model, has room
for the Bible
Geocentrism
Geocentricity

The Modified
Tychonic model
What Saith Mythology?

The Copernican Revolution


Nicolaus Copernicus
Proposed that the earth
orbits the sun and
rotates daily on an axis.
Knew it was against
Scripture, thus waited
until he was about to die
to publish it.
Was encouraged to do
so by the Pope & head of
the Inquisition in 1535
Tycho Brahe

Believed geocentric
uni-verse is Scriptural
Built equipment to
prove Copernican
model wrong
Greatest naked-eye
astronomer of all time
Proposed a geocentric
model that saved all
appearances
Galileo Galilei

Called the father of modern


physics
Used a telescope to destroy
the Crystalline Sphere
geocentrism
Insisted that Copernican
model was proven, which got
him in trouble with the Church
of Rome
Galileo on Scripture:

The Scriptures teach us how


to go to heaven, not how the
heavens go.
Galileo on Scripture:
It was moreover necessary in Scripture, in
order that it be accommodated to the
general understanding, to say things quite
diverse ... from absolute truth ... physical
effects placed before our eyes by sensible
experience, … should not in any
circumstances be called in doubt by
passages in Scripture that verbally have
different semblance, since not everything in
Scripture is linked to such severe obligations
as is every physical effect.
Galileo & the Church of
Rome
Called before Inquisition in 1611 & warned
In 1633 wrote a book that made fun of the
Pope
Called before Inquisition again
Was shown instruments of torture
As with his first trial, he was released to his
villa and a pension provided him by the RCC on
the grounds that he not teach heliocentrism as
fact
Before he died he changed his mind and
“Proofs” of heliocentrism
 Aberration
 Parallax
 Retrograde motion of the planets
 Foucault pendulum
 Geostationary satellite
 Earth as seen from the moon
 Seasons
Aberration: heliocentric &
geocentric
Parallax

Click on
figure
for animation
Retrograde Motion

There are times when the planets go


backwards
Heliocentric explanation

Geocentric explanation
Foucault
Pendulum

A Foucault pendulum is
said to prove the
rotation of the earth
It only demonstrates a
relative rotation
between earth and
universe
It cannot tell which is
actually rotating
Geostationary satellite
 Communications satellites etc. hover over
one point on earth’s equator
 Claim is that they should fall to earth
 But
 Recall that centrifugal force is a REAL,
GRAVITATIONAL force in geocentric model, not
a fictitious force as in the heliocentric model
 Geostationary satellite is not stationary as far
as the universe is concerned
Earth as seen from the
Moon
 Astronauts on the moon saw the earth
rotate
 Therefore, we have proof that the Earth
rotates, not the universe
 A rider on a merry-go-round horse
sees the central engine rotate
 Therefore, we have proof that the engine
rotates, not the merry-go-round platform
The Seasons
What Saith Modern
Science?
Airy’s Failure
An experiment involving
aberration
A water-filled telescope should
be pointed further ahead than
an air-filled telescope
Airy found they point the same
Implies the earth does not orbit
the sun but that the star follows
the sun in its yearly motion
Or Fresnell Drag, or Relativity
Michelson-Morley
Experiment

Tried to detect the


motion of the earth
about the sun
Found none
Mach’s Principle
Found that geometry
requires geocentricity and
heliocentrism to yield
identical results
Thus no experiment can
prove one over the other
Inertia due to the gravity of
all objects in the universe
Sagnac Experiment

An experiment related
to the Michelson-
Morley test
Designed to test for
the rotation of the
earth
Got a positive result
However, cannot tell if
earth rotates or
cosmos rotates about
The Firmament

By the early 1930s it was clear that


there was a hidden medium
underlying all of space
In the 1980s this was identified as the
firmament of Genesis chapter 1.
Lense-Thirring Effect
 Derived from a geocentric model in 1918
 Paper in Physikalische Zeitschr. Vol. 19
 Assumes universe is a shell rotating about
the earth (or some central point)
 Finds there should be an effect not
discoverable in a heliocentric model
 Gravity Probe B satellite etc. have apparently
found it
 Claimed to be proof of Relativity, but…
Sir Fred Hoyle
 

We know that the difference


between a heliocentric theory
and a geocentric theory is one
of relative motion only, and
that such a difference has no
physical significance.
 
— Astronomy and Cosmology, 1975, p. 416.
What Saith Scripture?
Why is it important?
The question of the earth’s motion was the single point in which
orthodoxy came into real contact with science ... for the stability
of the earth is as clearly assumed from one end of the Old
Testament to the other as the solidity of iron. Those who take the
Bible to be totidem verbis dictated by the God of Truth can refuse
to believe it ... [but] ignorance apart, every word is truth, or the
writer did not mean truth. But this puts the whole book on its
trial: for we can never find out what the writer meant, unless we
otherwise find out what is true. ... Common sense will either
accept the verbal meaning or deny verbal inspiration.

—Augustus de Morgan,
1916 edition of A Budget of Paradoxes
Ecclesiastes 1:5

The sun also ariseth, and


the sun goeth down, and
hasteth to his place where
he arose.
Language of
Appearances?
Genesis 19:23 "The sun was risen upon the
earth when Lot entered into Zoar.”
NOT literally true
Language of
Appearances?
Genesis 19:23 "The sun was risen upon the
earth when Lot entered into Zoar.”
NOT literally true

Mark 16:9 "Now when Jesus was risen early the


first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary
Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven
devils."
Literally true
Malachi 4:2

But unto you that fear my name shall


the Sun of righteousness arise with
healing in his wings; and ye shall go
forth, and grow up as calves of the
stall.
Genesis 1:16

And God made two great lights; the


greater light to rule the day, and
the lesser light to rule the night: he
made the stars also.
Heliocentric case for Gen.
1:16
Geocentric case for Gen.
1:16
Joshua 10:12-13
12
Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day
when the LORD delivered up the Amorites
before the children of Israel, and he said in
the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon
Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of
Ajalon.
13
And the sun stood still, and the moon
stayed, until the people had avenged
themselves upon their enemies. Is not this
written in the book of Jasher? So the sun
stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted
not to go down about a whole day.
Isaiah 38:8
Behold, I will bring again the
shadow of the degrees,
which is gone down in the
sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees
backward. So the sun
returned ten degrees, by
which degrees it was gone
Psalm 19:6

His going forth is from the end of the


heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of
it: and there is nothing hid from the heat
thereof.
Yearly solar motion about the
earth
The Geocentric Model
Tycho
Brahe’s
original
model
Modified
Tychonic
Model
The Norwalt
Orrery

set at the
first day of
winter.
Joshua's Long Day
Joshua 10:12-13
12
Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day
when the LORD delivered up the Amorites
before the children of Israel, and he said in
the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon
Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of
Ajalon.
13
And the sun stood still, and the moon
stayed, until the people had avenged
themselves upon their enemies. Is not this
written in the book of Jasher? So the sun
stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted
not to go down about a whole day.
Joshua’s Long Day
Hezekiah’s Sign
Isaiah 38:8
Behold, I will bring again the
shadow of the degrees,
which is gone down in the
sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees
backward. So the sun
returned ten degrees, by
which degrees it was gone
Hezekiah
’s Sign