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St ar t i ng
Good afternoon everyone.
Im Dr. K. Venkat Reddy, Associate Professor of English
at the English and Foreign Languages University.
The pur pose of t he cl ass i s to make you
aware of t he ki nd of l anguage used i n a
t ypi cal engi neer i ng cl assroom.
I welcome you to my session on classroom
Please, listen to me

Types of classes
Exclusive: (Im going to talk about .. Now Let
me discuss this point by drawing examples.
Then Ill) Teacher centred/Lecture method.

Inclusive ( Lets get down to work. We will
together find out answers to these questions).
Learning centred activity based interactive
Classroom Language
What do we do with language in general?

Think about where you use language in your
social and professional life.

Language is the main medium
Language is used in all the areas of human
There are mainly three main areas where
language is predominantly used. They are :
1. Social
2. Academic
3. Professional
Si t uat i ons
Communication takes place in the following
situations in terms of politeness:
1. Formal
2. Semi formal
3. Informal
Formal situation
Classroom is an academic domain
calling for the use of Formal
You are all teachers like me. Can you think of the
language that you use in your classes irrespective
of what subject you teach.
Two kinds of classrooms: teacher dominated and
the learner centred.
Teacher dominated classroom will have
statements, instructions, explanations,
illustrations, elicitations from one person
Exclusive: teacher dependant (Im going to..)
inclusive: (Lets do these things)

What do we do wi th l anguage?
1. Greetings
2. Asking questions and Giving answers
3. Instructing
4. Directing
5. Explaining
6. Descriptions
7. Apologies
8. Complimenting
9. Elaboration
10. Suggestion
11. Requesting
12. Asking and giving permission
13. Eliciting
14. Agreeing and Disagreeing
15. Giving feed back
16. Requesting for clarification
17. Narrating
18. Summarizing
19. Inform
20. Instruct
21. Illustrate

Functi ons of Language i n the
Cl assroom
Giving instructions
Giving clarifications
Eliciting through
Questioning (Polite X
Sequencing the lesson(
Organization of content?)
Asking questions/Inviting
responses or questions
Replying to questions

Gr eet i ngs
Good morning/good afternoon/good evening
How are you? ( very wel l , Thank
you/fi ne thanks)
How about you? ( Im fine, good too.)

1. Self
2. Topic
3. Object
4. Person
5. Idea
Stating the objective of the class
The purpose of the class is
Today, Im going to explain .
Lets learn .
Open your books, please
Open your book at page number 55 and have a look at
the diagram.
Dont write as I lecture. Listen to me carefully.
Take down the notes during the lecture.
Postpone your doubts to the end of the class.
Dont disturb me with questions half way through the
Be patient.
Now, look at the board and tell me what you see.
Do let me know if you neither see me nor hear me.
Language of the Classroom
1. Explain (Let me now explain the meaning of -)
2. Illustrate
3. Exemplify
4. Demonstrate
5. Ask questions
6. Instruct

Questi ons to Check
Understandi ng
Question = WH + Aux + Sub+ Verb +.
1. You have understood? (Have you understood?)
2. Understand? (Understood?)
3. What you are doing? (What are you doing?)
4. Why you are making a noise? (Why are you.?)
5. When you will submit your assignment? (When
will you)

May disturb you for a while?
May I come into the class?
Can I a look at what you have written?
May I request for your attention?
Attention, please.
Let me start the lesson!
Could you please hold on for a moment.
May I go ahead?
I suppose, I can now go on. Right?
Is it fine with you, if I ask you to redo the
Hope you wont mind my interfering.
Im sorry for the late!
I apologize for the lapse/mistake.
Fault is entirely mine. I m sorry.
Kindly excuse me.
I beg your pardon.
Please, pardon me.
I stand corrected. I wont repeat hereafter.

Checking understanding
Can you hear me? Am I audible to you? Is the audio
too loud?
Have you followed what Ive explained?
Have you understood?
May I Know if you have any problems with the lesson?
Kindly check with me if you haven't followed the
Put up your hand if you havent understood.
Put your hands up if you know the answer.

Language to Control the class
Sit down, please.
Everyone, quiet please.
Stop talking please.
Stop writing, please.
Dont start yet.
Hurry up.
Go back to your seats,
Silence, please.
Sit still and listen to the
Listen to me carefully.
Mr. ---- , may I request
for your attention.
Shut up. Its not a fish
market. Its a
classroom. Dont show
your family background
here. You idiots.
Teachers comments/compliments
Very Good!
Thats excellent/very
Very well done!
Thats good!
Yes, thats right good.
Thats better!
Thats nearly right- try
Thats almost right- you
are very close- keep
Not Quite right- try again!

Pronunciation (Neutral accent)
Heavy rrrrrrrrrrrrr
Heavy zzzzzzzzzz, yeit, yaf, yaiteen.
/ai/ , /au/etc.
Grammar: perfect X past

How about dressing?
Whats the role of dressing in classroom
Properly dressed in soft colours.
Proper footwear.
Dont show your wealth on you.
Look relaxed
Wear a smile

Be unbiased
Dont bring our personal likes and dislikes into
the classroom activity.
Indian classrooms are basically multi-cultural.
Youve got to be inclusive!
Be gender sensitive!
Draw a line between personal and
professional space.

Ending the lesson
Any queries/ questions/doubts? requiring any
Summarize: Let me rap up the lesson!, To
summarize, Its time we stopped. Now, what
did we do today in the class?
I want you to read the book from page to --.
Please visit the library or google for extra
information on the subject.
Thats all for now. Catch up with you in the next
class. Till then, wish you a very happy learning.
Thank you

Happy teaching!
Classroom Communication
Communication is important for all that is
called human.
We communicate for various reasons.
From the above exercise, its clear that we
use both verbal and non verbal objects to
Verbal = language
Non verbal = other than language items.

Classroom Communication
Look at the list below and tell me the things
which humans use to communicate with each
Style of Dress Body posture
Gestures Fluency
Listening Hair Style
Facial experiences Vocabulary
Eye moments Accent
Accurate use of language Behaviour