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San Francisco International Airport

and Quantum Secures SAFE for


Aviation System:
Business Case for Corporate Security
Group-1
Suman Rachapudi Sai Ram Mushyam
Seha Sai Ega Chandra Sekhar
Dheeraj Srivatsava Jami
Agenda
2
Problem
What is the problem we are trying to solve? What is the business
opportunity?
Analysis
What are the different options available?
Viability
Assessm
ent
SWOT
Value
Analysis
Cost Benefit Analysis
Recomm
endations
Suitable option among available options
Implemen
tation
Implementation plan
Overhauling the security infra structure of the airport

Terminal 2- Renovate & Reopen

3
Airport Security
Tightening loop
holes around
employees and
passengers

Complying with new
security directives
Access Control
Airport wide
credentialing
Physical Identity
Access
Management(PIAM)
Migration to the new
technologies
Manual
Processes
Disjoint
processes
Information
Islands
Decrease in
operational
efficiency

Risks associated with manual processes
"All they have to do is take their ID, I still have mine, and scan it through a scanner and the door
automatically opens and they're on the airfield," says Wilson.


4
Legacy Systems
5
20 years Old
physical Access
Systems
Bio Metric
System
implemented in
1990
Operational
Inefficiency
Need for technology overhaul
Forms & Pre-
Checks
Pre-Enroll
Manual
Setup
Airport Security
Training
Conduct
Enroll
Fingerprinting
CHRC
No-Fly List
Manual
Verification
inconsistent return
rate 3 places to
check for approval
Manual
Setup
Badging & Card
Issuance
Manual
Results
End Enroll
Document
Archiving
Manual
Filing
Manual
Physical Access
Privileges
Physical
Access
Manual Data
Reconciliation
Provision
Manual
Provision
Audit
Manual Audit
Reports
Time for completion
Not Controlled by
Airport -
CA
DOJ
AS-IS processes
Available options
7
Continuing with the existing system

Rip and Replace all the legacy systems with
single high end integrated Security Systems

Use quantum safe to automate and integrate
existing legacy systems
Process Automation
Migration to the new
process
Integrating disjoint process
by using single integrated
software
Integrated Data Bases
Implementing one data
base for all security related
Information technology
infrastructure
Analytics and intelligence
Applying different analytics
reacted algorithm on the
new integrated software
Recommendation
8
SAFE
Interoper
ability
Policy
Based
Security
Improved
badging
process
Integrate
d Security
Systems
Single
Data
Base
Quantum Secure
Web Paper
Forms
Pre-Enroll
Badging, Card,
Key, Issuance
End Enroll
Automate
Result Upload
Audit
Automate Data
Reconciliation
Automate Audit
Reports
Physical
Access
Privileges
Provision
Automate
Provisioning &
Role-based Access
Privileges
Airport
Security
Training
Document
Archiving Conduct
Automate
Doc Mgmt
Automate
Training
Registration
Automate
Data Input

Capture
Fingerprints
No-Fly &
Selectee list
CHRC
Background Check
Automate
Upload &
Verification
CA
DOJ
To-be Processes
S
A
F
E

Reduced Labor
Material Cost
Increased accuracy of
record keeping
Improved compliance
with safety regulations
Integration and
Interoperation
Pros
10
S
A
F
E

Migration in
real time
Technical
Expertise
Availability of
Skilled Labor
Time Taken
Initial Cost
Cons
11
SWOT Analysis
12

Labor cost savings
13
Before
implementation
After
implementation % reduction
Time to onboard a user (in minutes) for TP 560 20 96.43%
Time to onboard a user (in minutes) for SFO 360 12.85714286 96.43%
Assuming that there will be
a proportional reduction in
onboarding time for SFO
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
No. of new users every year for SFO 20,000 22000 24200 26620 29282
Growth rate every year for SFO 10% 10% 10% 10% 10%
Man hour Savings from reduction in time to
onboard a user 115714.2857 127285.7143 140014.2857 154015.7143 169417.2857
Avg Salary of Airport Ground Staff $27,000.00 *From www.simplyhired.com
Average cost/manhours in a year
$
12.98
Savings in On boarding Costs every year $ 1,502,060 $ 1,652,266 $ 1,817,493 $1,999,242 $2,199,166
Before implementation
After
implementation % reduction
ID badge processing costs for TP $49.00 $35.00 28.57%
Can decrease in future
years
ID badge processing costs for SFO $44.00 $31.43 28.57%
Assuming that there will be
a proportional reduction in
processing costs SFO
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
No. of users for SFO 2000
No. of SFO's Current users migrating to the
new system in Terminal 2 20000 22000 24200 26620 29282
Total number of new users every year 22000 22000 24200 26620 29282
Savings in ID Badge processing cost every
year $276,571 $276,57 $304,228 $334,651 $368,116
Cost savings
14
Before implementation After implementation
Accidental Violations of CATSA for TP 311 224
Fine per violation $8,849.00
Assuming
fines are
similar in
magnitude for
SFO
Cost savings every year due to increased compliance $ 769,863.00
Before
implementation
After
implementation % reduction
Time spend for identity management (in minutes)
for SFO 15 9.75 35%
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
No. of identities every year 20,000 21000 22050 23152.5 24310.125
Growth rate every year for SFO 5% 5% 5% 5% 5%
Man hour Savings from reduction in time to
onboard a user 1750.00 1837.50 1929.38 2025.84 2127.14
Avg Salary of Airport Ground Staff $27,000.00 *From www.simplyhired.com
Average cost/manhours in a year
$
12.98
Savings in On boarding Costs every year
$
22,716.35
$
23,852.16
$
25,044.77
$
26,297.01
$
27,611.86
Total Labor cost Savings every year $ 1,801,348 $ 1,952,690 $ 2,146,766 $2,360,190 $2,594,895
Total Labor cost savings
15
Cost of an Old Badge $2.00
Cost of New badge $7.00
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
No. of users needing 2 badges due to PACS
over time 2,000 4000 8000 10000 0
Cost Saved by SAFE by avoiding duplicate
badges $4,000.00 $8,000.00 $16,000.00 $20,000.00 $0.00
Other cost savings
16
Before implementation After implementation
%
reduction
Time to onboard a user (in minutes) for TP 90.00%
Manhours spent every year to re-check
Recordkeeping 672 201.6 70.00%
Assuming
a lower
level of
savings
for SFO
Avg Salary of Airport Ground Staff $27,000.00
*From
www.simplyhired.com
Average cost/manhours in a year $ 12.98
Savings in Record keeping Costs every year $ 2,616.92
Cost Benefit Analysis
17
List of Cost Savings 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Labor Cost Savings
$
1,801,348.21

$1,952,690.08 $2,146,766.47 $2,360,190.88 $2,594,895.12
Material Cost Savings $4,000.00 $8,000.00 $16,000.00 $20,000.00 $0.00
Savings due to Accurate recordkeeping
$
2,616.92
$
2,616.92
$
2,616.92
$
2,616.92
$
2,616.92
Total Savings
$
1,807,965.14

$1,963,307.00 $2,165,383.40 $2,382,807.81 $2,597,512.04
Installment cost 250000
Maintainence cost 25000 25000 25000 25000 25000
Profit per year
$
1,782,965.14

$1,938,307.00 $2,140,383.40 $2,357,807.81 $2,572,512.04
Discount rate given by Finance team 10% 10% 10% 10% 10%
Present value of Savings
$
1,643,604.67 1622567.767 1626884.597 1627489.794 1612850.616
Present value of Costs 22727.27273 20661.15702 18782.87002 17075.33638 15523.03308
Total present value of Savings
$
8,133,397.44
Total present value of Costs 344769.6692
ROI 23.59
PV of gain from investment/PV of cost of
investment
Factors used to decide on Going ahead with the
project
Payback period 1 year (less than 1 year)
Net Present Value Positive
IRR 647%
Implementation Steps
Requirements gathering
Each airport terminal needs
Demand for Airport terminals
Identity management requirements
TSA Regulations
Analysis
Existing Systems Analysis
Integrating the all existing systems with SAFE
Design
18
Implementation Steps (Contd.)
Build Central Data Repository compatible for all
existing systems
Migrating one by one Data into central repository
Implementing SAFE with existing Systems through
simulation with back end of existing system
Finally SAFE with existing systems.
19

Implementation Plan
20

21

Questions
22