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# Point & Figure Analysis

## A Disciplined Approach to Buying

and Selling Stocks, ETF’s, and
Mutual Funds

The Company fundamentals looks great. All the analysts love it.
So why is the stock going down?

## © Point & Figure Coaching and Research GmbH

Fundamental Analysis vs. Technical
Analysis
What is Fundamental What is Technical
1. WhatAnalysis?
2. Company 2. Trend Analysis
Management
3. Relative Strength
3. Earnings Quality
4. Momentum
4. Price/Earnings Ratio
5. When to Sell
5. Product Acceptance

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

FREESTAR BANK WEALTH
MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENTS

##  Investment Center (Raymond James)

– Blake Karls Financial Advisor Associate
– Deborah Jaso- Operations Manager

##  Farm Department Brent Crane, Colleen Slagell

Supply and Demand
 We all understand the
basic forces of supply
and demand.
 The same forces that
affect prices in the
supermarket also
affect prices in the
stock market.
 Stocks, sectors, and
asset classes move in
and out of favor just
like produce in the
© Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009
© Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009
ORIGINAL POINT & FIGURE CHART
64 64 64
63 63 63 63 63
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60
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41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41
40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40
39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39
38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38
37 37 37 37 37
36 36 36
35

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

Point & Figure Basics
X’s = Price is rising
O’s = Price is falling

## Alternate columns of X’s and O’s

Minimum of 3 X’s or O’s in a
column

## Time = First action in month use

number. (1 for January, etc.)

## Use daily high & low for charting

price action.

Chart Source:
www.dorseywright.com
© Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009
Chart Source:
www.dorseywright.com

Citigroup (C)

## Did the fundamental analysts

learn from the 2000-2002
Technology Bubble?

## The following is a quote from the

February 9th New York Times
article, “Why Analysts Keep Telling
“At the top of the market, they
urged investors to buy or hold onto
stocks about 95 percent of the
time. When stocks stumbled, they
stayed optimistic. Even in
November, when credit froze, the
economy stalled and financial
markets tumbled to their lowest
levels in a decade, analysts as a
group rarely said sell. “
Chart Source:
www.dorseywright.com
© Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009
Chart Source:
www.dorseywright.com
© Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009
Chart Source:
www.dorseywright.com
© Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009
Causes of Price Movement

## Market and sector forces together

Market typically cause 80% of the price
movement in a stock. That means
the company fundamentals usually
Sector account for less than 20% of a
Stock stock’s price movement. This is the
reason a company’s stock price
sometimes seems to move
independently of the fundamentals!

## Source: “The Latent Statistical Structure of Securities Price

Changes” Benjamin F. King

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

Typical Resource Allocation

## Most people, however, spend 80%

Stock of their time on stock evaluation
and only 20% on sector and market
evaluation.
Market
In other words, they ignore where
Sector the greatest amount of risk lies –
the market and sector forces.

## Source: “The Latent Statistical Structure of Securities Price

Changes” Benjamin F. King

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

The Five-Step Game Plan
 Step 1: Market Analysis
 Step 2: Sector Analysis
 Step 3: Fundamental Analysis
 Step 4: Technical Research
 Step 5: Risk management and
Follow-up

Step 1:
Market
Analysis

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

 Buy the “Market” in 1929…
 It took 25 years to get back to even.
 It took 7.6 years to get back to even.
 Starting in 1987 IBM went down 74%...
 It took 10 years to recover.
 Cisco Systems (CSCO) was as high as
\$82 in 2000. It has yet to recover.

success.

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

3 Legged Stool Approach to
“How Offensive or Defensive Should I
Be?”
 Leg #1: Equity Exposure and

##  Leg #2 & #3: Two of the Following

 Domestic Equities
 International Equities
 Commodities
 Foreign Currencies
 Fixed Income
 Cash

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

Leg #1:
Measuring Supply & Demand
Double Top Double Bottom
One column of X‘s exceeds One column of O‘s exceeds
a previous column of X‘s. a previous column of O‘s.

39 O 39
38 O 38 X X
37 O 37 X O X O
36 O 36 X O X O
35 O X 35 X O O
34 O X X 34 X O
33 O X O X 33 X
32 O X O X 32 X
31 O O 31 X
30 30 X

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

Leg #1: NYSE Bullish Percent

70%

## • Does not have to move in tandem with

the S&P 500 or the Dow Jones.

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009 Chart Source:

Leg #2 & 3:
Compare One Asset Class to
Another

Fixed
US Cash Income
Stocks

Int’l
Foreign Commodi
Stocks
Currencies ties
© Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009
The Way Investors Invest --

## Who Do You Believe is Going to Be a

Better Football Team Next Year?
Relative Strength
Calculation
• All major sports have a ranking system. The
Point & Figure Relative Strength tool is the
ranking system we use for ETF’s.

• Daily Calculation:

## • This reading is plotted on a Point & Figure

chart which then tells us whether we want
to be in cash or US stocks
Cash or Stocks?

Cash: 2001-2002

Cash: 2008-Present

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009 Chart Source:

Cash or Commodities?

Money Commodity
Market Index

## 7/15/98 - 10/15/02 X - Cash 18.41% 10.11%

10/15/02 - 8/15/08 O - Commod. 16.87% 115.71%

Chart Source:
8/15/08 - 1/31/09 X - Cash 0.23% -26.97% www.dorseywright.com

## © Dorsey, Wright & Associates 2009

Leg #2 & 3:
Asset Class Evaluation

X
Int’l

Cash
Commodit
ies

Fixed
Equit Income
y