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Objectives

To know what are these types of power plant.


To know the advantages and disadvantages of
building a simple gas turbine plant and a diesel
engine power plant.
To know the lay-out of a simple gas turbine
plant and a diesel power plant.
To know and understand the operating
principle of these power plant.
To know the component it comprises.







A gas turbine plant may
be defined as a plant in
which the principal prime
mover is of the turbine
type and the working
medium is permanent
gas.



The compressor, which draws air into the engine, pressurizes it,
and feeds it to the combustion chamber at speeds of hundreds of
miles per hour.
The combustion system, typically made up of a ring of fuel
injectors that inject a steady stream of fuel into combustion
chambers where it mixes with the air. The mixture is burned at
temperatures of more than 2000 degrees F. The combustion
produces a high temperature, high pressure gas stream that
enters and expands through the turbine section.
The turbine is an intricate array of alternate stationary and
rotating aerofoil-section blades. As hot combustion gas expands
through the turbine, it spins the rotating blades. The rotating
blades perform a dual function: they drive the compressor to draw
more pressurized air into the combustion section, and they spin a
generator to produce electricity.
The basic operation of the gas turbine is similar to that of
the steam power plant except that air is used instead of
water. Fresh atmospheric air flows through a compressor
that brings it to higher pressure. Energy is then added by
spraying fuel into the air and igniting it so the combustion
generates a high-temperature flow. This high-temperature
high-pressure gas enters a turbine, where it expands down
to the exhaust pressure, producing a shaft work output in
the process. The turbine shaft work is used to drive the
compressor and other devices such as an electric generator
that may be coupled to the shaft. The energy that is not
used for shaft work comes out in the exhaust gases, so
these have either a high temperature or a high velocity. The
purpose of the gas turbine determines the design so that
the most desirable energy form is maximized. Gas turbines
are used to power aircraft, trains, ships, electrical
generators, or even tanks.[1]
Diesel Engine Power
Plants are power plants
which uses diesel
engines coupled to a
generator to produce
electrical energy.
Diesel engine power plant are installed where the supply of
coal and water is not available in sufficient quantity of
where power is to be generated in small quantity or where
standby sets are required for continuity of supply such as in
hospitals, telephone exchanges, radio stations and
cinemas. These plants in the range of 2 to 50 MW capacity
are used as central stations for supply authorities and
works and they are universally adapted to supplement
hydroelectric or thermal stations where standby generating
plants are essential for starting from cold and under
emergency conditions.
The diesel units used for electric generation are more
reliable and long-lived piece of equipment compared with
other types of plants



1. Engine 5. Cooling System

2. Air Intake System 6. Lubrication System

3. Exhaust System 7. Engine Starting System

4. Fuel System 8.Governing System