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Petrel 2004

Introduction Course

2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 2
Petrel Introduction Course
Course Content
Day 1
Introduction
User Manuals
Petrel Interface
Data Import
Edit Input Data
Seismic
Day 2
Well Correlation
Fault Modeling
Pillar Gridding
Make Horizons
Depth Conversion
Make Zones
Layering
Day 3
Geometrical Modeling
Upscaling Well Logs
Petrophysical Modeling
Facies Modeling
Plotting
Day 4
Volume Calculation
Make Contacts
Process Manager
Well Design
Miscellaneous
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 3
Petrel Introduction Course
Petrel History and Vision
1996 Software and consultancy founded
1998 First commercial release
2003 Part of Schlumberger
Information Solutions
Goal is to get Petrel on every
Geoscientists desktop
Complete workflow tool covering Seismic to
Simulation
Data
analysis
Simulation
Well
design
Property modelling
And Upscaling
Facies
modelling
Well
correlation
Depth
conversion
Geophysics
User friendly interface, easy to learn and
makes life easier
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 4
Petrel Introduction Course
The Living Model
Petrel
High uncertainty
Coarse model
Smart Prospect
Generation
Lead illumination and
Qualification
Delineating the
Reservoir
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Appraisal
Development
Exploration Production
Drilling
Engineering
Production
Economics
Reducing
uncertainty
Refining the model
Petrel
GeoFrame
TM
or OpenWorks
TM
project environment
OpenSpirit
TM
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 5
Petrel Introduction Course
Data Set
Commercially released data by
Statoil (a Norwegian oil company)
Gullfaks field
A major oilfield in the North Sea;
exploration started 1974, and it is
now producing through 3 platforms
Field description:
Rotated fault blocks caused a structural trap
Reservoir is mainly Lower to Middle Jurassic sandstones
1.9 billion barrels of recoverable oil
23 billion m
3
of gas
2.4 million tons of condensate
Data description:
15 wells, 9 logs, Well tops, Velocity data, 3D seismic
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 6
Petrel Introduction Course
Courses and Manuals
Training Manuals
Contains slides and exercises
Basic use of Petrel
Leads first time users through their first project
Getting Started Manual
Structured and detailed information on
Petrels functionality
Online Manual
Short description of new functionality
Release Notes
Comes with every new release
Well
Correlation
Petrel Workflow Tools Introduction

Fault
Modeling
Pillar
Gridding
Zonation and
Layering
Facies
Modeling
Petrophysical
Modeling
Well Design
Volume
Calculation
Plotting
Intro
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Seismic
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 8
Introduction
Objectives
Start Petrel with a new or existing project
Navigate and learn the user interface
Understand important project parameters
Understand Petrel windows
Display data or surfaces in 2D or 3D windows
Create General Intersections
Understand how to access and use the online Help
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 9
Petrel Introduction
User Interface
Menu bar
Tool bar
Function
bar
Object information Status bar
First Petrel
Explorer
Window
Second
Petrel
Explorer
Window
Display
Window
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Petrel Introduction
Opening and Saving Petrel Projects
1. Open Project:
Open an already saved Petrel
project. Each Petrel project has 2
files: .pet containing pointer to
data in the associated .dat folder.
2. Save Project:
Saves Petrel project using the
same name. Both the .pet file and
the .dat folder are updated.
1
1
3. Save Project As:
Saves Petrel project prompting
you for a new name. Both the .pet
file and the .dat folder are saved.
3
2
2
4. Automatic Save:
Autmatically saves Petrel project
overwriting the current saved
version. Should be used with
caution.
4
4
5
5. Clean Project Directory:
Removes back-up copies of the
.pet file (.bak) from your Petrel
Directory.
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Petrel Introduction
Petrel Explorer
Input tab
Contains all imported data
and all generated files not
linked to the 3D Grid.
Models tab
Contains all Fault models
and 3D grids with faults,
zones and properties.
+/-
Folders can be closed and
expanded.
Bold item
Click on an object name to
make it active.
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 12
Petrel Introduction
Petrel Explorer
Results tab
Contains filters for output from
Volumetrics and Simulation runs
Templates tab
Contains predefined and user
defined color templates
Stand alone color table
A color template can be locked and
edited for an individual object
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Petrel Introduction
Process Diagram All Available Modules
Geophysics
Seismic Interpretation,
Synthetics, Attributes and
Depth Conversion
Modeling
Correlation, Structural and
Property modeling
Upscaling & Simulation
Up-scaling, Fault Seal,
LGRs, Streamlines,
ECLIPSE and Schedule
functionality
Utilities and Plugins
Edititing tools,
Volumetrics, APIs etc.
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Petrel Introduction
Process Diagram and Function Bar
1. Active Process
A process needs to be
active (bold) to be used.
3. Grayed-out processes
Not available because a
previous process has not
been completed.
4. Red stop sign
The licensing is limited and
does not include the
stopped module
2. Function Bar
Shows available tools for the
selected process.
2
1
3
4
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 15
Petrel Introduction
Cases Tab
Cases tab
Running a volume calculation will create a
Case, which will have an icon in the case
tab and a volume calculation sub
icon. This will then become the filter for
showing the results of the run in the plot
window.
Cases and Results tabs
The design of Cases and Results tab is to
allow the same setup for running
ECLIPSE and Streamline simulation runs,
as for running simple Volumetrics.
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 16
Petrel Introduction
Workflows and Windows Tabs
Workflows tab
Stores workflows created by Process
Manager for automated processes
and operations.
Windows tab
Lists each windows and its settings.
Can be saved or deleted.
Contains a set of variables that can
be used in workflows.
A new workflow is inserted from the
Insert menu
A new window is inserted from the
Windows menu
Note: If a window becomes unresponsive, delete it
and start a new one.
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 17
1
Petrel Introduction
Project Settings and Units
1. Project info
Go to Project settings under Project Menu: Type in
the UTM zone, Projection and Datum for the
project. This is strictly informational.
2. Units
Select a standard Project Unit System from the
drop-down menu (e.g. Metric or Field), or toggle
Customize to set units from a mixed unit system.
Note: When importing data from OpenSpirit, make
sure the Project settings in Petrel match those in the
other data repository.
2
Note: There is NO unit conversion inside Petrel; it
has to be done on import.
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 18
Petrel Introduction
Object Settings Style tab
The settings will ALWAYS include an
Info tab and a Statistics tab. Most
objects will also have a Style tab.
Every object has a Settings window that
allows you to adjust parameters and
view information about the object.
2. Go to Style tab to adjust display
parameters. For example toggle on/off
grid lines (A), contour lines (B) or color
fill (C). Click Apply to view the updates.
1. To access the Settings tab, right-
click on the object in the Explorer and
select Settings (or double-click).
1
2A
2B
2C
Note: Depending on the type of object, additional tabs will
be added for more functionality.
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 19
Petrel Introduction
Object Settings Info Tab
In the Info tab there are several settings which can be changed:
3. The Template can be changed from
the drop down menu (A) while the
color settings can be changed by
clicking on the icon (B).
1. Rename objects by typing in a new
name.
1
3A
2
2. The Color refers to the objects
specified color.
3B
4
4. The Comments tab is empty by
default; designed for user input.
5. The History tab keeps track of the
main events related to the object (e.g
operations, dates etc.).
5
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 20
Petrel Introduction
Object Settings Statistics Tab
The statistics for each item can be checked
under the Statistics tab.
List 2
Describes different data and values related to
the object.
List 1
Describes the X, Y, Z coordinates; Z being
depth or time. If an attribute is available it will
also be shown.
One or both lists can be copied to an output
sheet. Toggle on one of the lists (e.g. List 1)
and click the output icon. The contents of the
list will be written to an output window.
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 21
2A
Petrel Introduction
Object Settings Colors Tab (Templates)
1. The Colors tab displays the colors based on the template
selected as the object was imported or generated.
2. The Colors template is linked to the same template in the
Templates tab (A); any edits made here will affect the global
template unless the lock (Info tab) for a specific object is on! (B).
Colors are related to the templates from Templates tab.
These can be logs, depth, properties (continuous or
discrete) etc.
1
2B
Note: template is locked when the icon is depressed.
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Petrel Introduction
Visualization Windows
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Petrel Introduction
Visualization 3D Display Window
Maneuvering from Function bar
Select/Pick mode Allows for
selecting objects and getting
information about them (in
Status bar)
Visualization from Tool bar
Move Left mouse button
Zoom Left mouse button +
Ctrl + Shift
Pan Left mouse button
+ Ctrl
Magnify (only available
when Orthogonal view
is activated)
View all displayed data
View from specified position
Target zoom
Orthogonal view
(no perspective)
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 24
Petrel Introduction
Visualization 2D Display Window
Visualization from Tool bar
Orthogonal view is
unavailable in 2D view
Maneuvering from Function bar
Zoom Left mouse button
Pan Left mouse button
+ Ctrl (or Shift)
Magnify (always active
in 2D view)
Rotate Left mouse
button + Ctrl + Shift
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 25
Petrel Introduction
Visualization Toggle Boxes
Gray, square boxes These are
active when toggling objects to be
displayed in windows (active or
inactive depending on type of
windows). Several objects in a folder
can be displayed simultaneously.
Gray, circular boxes You may
only toggle on ONE at a time from
a single folder.
Yellow, square boxes These
are Filters (not objects) and can
be used to filter out different
parts of a 3D grid (e.g. zones).
Filter color Toggling
off e.g. a zone (works
as a filter) will make
Zone Filter tick mark
pink! (easy to see if
filter is on even if folder
is closed.
Note Toggling on Yellow
boxes in Global well logs
folder, will have no effect
unless a well with the same log
is toggled.
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 26
Petrel Introduction
Visualization General Intersection (Create)
How to create a General Intersection (GI)
Plane:
2. Select Insert General Intersection (A)
and the toggle box in front of it
automatically displays the plane (B).
1. Right-click on the Intersection folder in
Models tab or on any regular folder in the
Input tab.
1
2A
2B
2B
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Petrel Introduction
Visualization General Intersection (Move)
Two main methods for moving a General
Intersection Plane:
1. Orient the plane by using Manipulate
Plane icon located in the Function bar; left
mouse to move; left mouse+ctrl pivots it in
any 3D direction around its axis.
2. Orient the plane by using the Player at
the bottom (active once GI is toggled on
and bold).
Blue button
for visualization
on plane
Player options like Step, Play
and Stop. The number indicates
step increment in project units
Align plane e.g.
North/South or
East /West
Cut in front
of or behind
plane
Snap intersection
by 1 (parallel) 2 or
3 points
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 28
Petrel Introduction
Visualization General Intersection (Display)
Note: When the Blue button is active, you
cannot display any new objects in 3D.
After generating and moving the GI plane it is
time to display data on the plane:
1. Make sure the correct GI plane is active.
1
2. Toggle the Blue button (A) to activate all
objects that can be displayed on the GI
plane,the toggle boxes will become blue (B)).
2A
2B
3. Toggle on the boxes in front of the objects you
want to display on the plane.
3
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Petrel Introduction
Visualization General Intersection (Display)
The GI plane has Style settings to control visualization of Input and Model data on the GI. Right-click on the
GI and select Settings. Here the color, transparency etc. is controlled from Plane settings tab. However,
some style options are depending on how the GI was created, either from Input tab or Models tab:
Input tab
Models tab
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 30
Petrel Introduction
Tips buttons
Many processes in Petrel contain small tips buttons (blue buttons with Question marks (?))
Each Tips button is related to one topic/algorithm/setting and is described in more detail, sometimes
with explanatory pictures.
Use the tips buttons for quick information; further information can be found in the Online Manual (next
slide)
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 31
Petrel Introduction
Online Help-Manual
If there is any doubt regarding how to perform
certain procedures (what algorithms to use,
etc.), there is extensive documentation in the
Online Help Manual.
Note: There are almost 500 How tos in the
Online Manual !
To access the Online Help Manual, go to Help
menu Manual (HTML help). The manual is
included with your installation so a network
connection is unnecessary
1. Go to Contents tab to look for background
reading or
2. go to Search tab to look up specific things:
A) Type in, B) press List Topics, C) select a
topic and D) press Display
2004 Schlumberger Information Solutions. All rights reserved. 32
EXERCISE

Interface
Tabs
Settings
Windows
Visualization
Online Help Manual