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Group members:

Definition of School Principal Competencies
The Competencies means skill, ability and authority. Competence can be
defined as a set of knowledge, skills, and basic values are reflected in the habit of
thinking and acting from a professional. Competence can also be understood as a
specification of the knowledge, skills and attitude of a person and their applicability in
the work, in accordance with the standard of work required by the society or the world of
work. Apart from the above two senses of competence, According to UU No. 20/2003
about Sisdiknas explain in section 35 (1): Competencies is the ability of a graduate
qualification that includes attitudes, knowledge, and skills in accordance with the agreed
national standards

While the principal competencies are the set of knowledge, skills, and basic
values that must be controlled or owned by a school principal or applied and
reflected in employment or office as principal. In the world of education,
there are the competencies or skills that must be owned by principals as
educational leaders as well as administrators and educational managers in
implementing a number of tasks. Competencies or Skills principal was
intended as a preparation for them to be able to carry out educational
management effectively and efficiently.

The Kinds of Principal Competencies
Technical skills
Technical skills are the skills to apply
theoretical knowledge into practical actions,
skills in using methods, techniques, procedures
or initiatives through good tactics, or
completing tasks systematically.
Technical skills include:
Ability reports
Ability to draw up programs of learning
The ability to generate data on school statistics
Skills to make decisions and carry them out
Typing skills
Skill to organize space
Skill to make letters, and others

Human Relation Skill
Human relations skills is the ability to put
yourself in a work group to establish communication
skills and are able to create satisfaction of both
human. Cooperative relationship atmosphere that
creates human contact between the parties involved.

Human relations skills, among others are:
Skills put myself in the group
Skills creates self-satisfaction on subordinates
An open attitude towards the working group
Ability to motivate subordinates
Respect for ethical values
Equitable distribution of duties and responsibilities
Good faith, fairness, respect, and respect for others.

Conceptual Skill
Conceptual skill is the ability to
formulate thoughts, understanding
theories, to apply, see the trends based on
the theoretical capability and they are
needed in the workplace.
Conceptual skills are:
See the school as a whole
Planning for change
Designing school goals
Make the right judgment about the effectiveness of
school activities
Coordinate program harmoniously

School Principal Competencies

How ideal principal competencies or the head
of the education unit? Here are thinking
conceptually about the principal competencies
standards. Competencies standards as a result of
academic study below is sufficiently representative
to describe tasks to be walked by the principal.
Competencies in the Planning
Structure the school profile
Formulate the vision, mission, goals and objectives school
Determine the functions (components) schools required to reach each target school
Carrying out the analysis or the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats to each
function and the factors
Selecting and determining alternatives solving every problem
Planning for school activities
Arrange plans and school development program
Arrange the steps to realize the school development plan
Make achievement targets for each program in accordance with the specified time

Competencies in the Organizing
Organize the school activities
Preparing school administration system
Develop school policy operational
Preparing school management systems relating to the classification, specification,
work procedures, work instructions, etc.
Doing institutional analysis of the structure of an efficient and effective
Reforming school organizational units on the basis of function
Formulate school regulations based on legislation in force
Preparing the mechanism of coordination between school organizational units

Competencies in the Program Implementation

Carry out planned activities
Provide direction and assignment to staff on the basis of the duties and functions of the
staff concerned
Motivate and direct staff to work in a responsible way so that in accordance with the
duties and functions
Implementing regulations are appropriate and encouraging school law enforcement
Promote certainty and fairness to obtain educational services for the school
Promote equality and equal opportunities for access to education
Align school resources with school goals

Prepare input / management resources to manage resources
Integrate and synchronize management program
Collecting quality information as material to make a decision
Taking decisions skilled (fast, precise, fixed)
Anticipating a result of a calculated decision by the (lost cost and
most benefit)
Using the school as the basic information systems in decision

Competencies in the Control Program
Formulate the system control / monitoring and evaluation of school
Formulating indicators of effective schools and develop instruments
Using the techniques of monitoring and evaluation
Socialization and implementation of monitoring and evaluation
Formulate the analysis and monitoring and evaluation
Controlling the activities of the school so as not to deviate from the
Improving school performance based on the results of monitoring
and evaluation

Competencies in the Reporting
Create reports of school performance accountability
Responsible for school performance results on
Make decisions quickly, accurately, and fixed based on
Improving school planning for the short, medium and
long term.

Competencies in Leading Schools
Providing exemplary in attitude and action
Directing teachers, staff and students
Have the strength and positive impression to influence subordinates and others
Intellectual ability, emotional and spiritual education in accordance with the principles
of leadership
Taking decisions skilled (fast, precise and fixed)
Making changes (innovations) school
Communicate fluently
Constructing a compact team working, intelligent and dynamic
Doing activities that are creative

Competencies in Empowering School
Explore potential school resources that can be
Determine ways to empower school
Implementing empowerment schools
Assessing the level of empowerment of school

Competencies in Conducting Supervision
Formulate the meaning, purpose and techniques
of supervision
Prepare supervision learning programs
Implement program supervision
Guide teachers, staff and students
Teach insight / knowledge of students
Implementing feedback from the supervision

Competencies in Creating Culture and Climate
Conducive Work
Creating a conducive working atmosphere
Creating a comfortable working environment
Implement and develop the values of a democratic school life
Forming a strong partnership culture
Cultivating professional culture of the school community
Creating a school climate that is conducive-academic
Appreciate and develop cultural diversity in school life

Competencies in Developing creativity, innovation and the Spirit of
Create and exploit opportunities
Creating an update
Formulate the meaning and purpose of the change (innovation) school
Using methods, techniques and processes change schools
Fostering a climate encouraging freedom of thought to create creativity and
Encourage the school to do the experimentation, initiative / moral courage to
do new things
Giving rewards for the results of the school community creativity
Cultivate and develop an entrepreneurial spirit of the school community

Competencies in Communication and Cooperation in Employment
a. Explain the meaning and function of communication in the work
b. Implement effective communication at work
c. Explain the meaning and function is cooperation in the work
d. Applying among the staff cooperation in work

Competencies in Using of Science and Technology (IPTEK) in Education
a. The use of technology in teaching and school management tools
b. Understanding the use of computers in teaching and school management
c. Explaining the use of the tools with the latest technology in learning

Competencies Leveraging Technology and

a. Describe the types of information technology used in education
b. Identification negative and positive impacts of information technology
c. Using the various functions of the Internet, especially the use of e-mail and
search for information
d. Using a computer mainly for word processing and spread sheets (eg
Microsoft Word, Excel) in school management

Competencies in Managing Curriculum and Learning Program
a. Forming and empowering curriculum development team
b. Helps teachers to develop the competence of each teacher's classroom
c. Helps teachers to develop a syllabus / unit activities semester, weekly and daily
d. Helps teachers to determine the appropriate resource book for each area of
e. Directing education to develop curriculum plans and implementation programs
f. Guide teachers in developing teaching and learning process
g. Directing curriculum development team to seek compliance with the advancement of
science curriculum, technology, and art (science and technology telecommunication),
the demands and needs of the community, and the needs of students
h. Exploring and mobilizing educational resources
i. Identifying the need for curriculum development
j. Evaluating the implementation of curriculum
k. Organize your schedule and study time, and evaluation / assessment
l. Managing the process of guidance and counseling
Competencies in Managing Teachers and Education Personnel
a. Inventory the characteristics of effective educator
b. Planning for school education (demand, supply, and the gap)
c. Recruiting, selecting, placing, and orient new staff's
d. Facilitating professional development education
e. Utilize and maintain education
f. Assess the performance of teachers and education personnel
g. Develop a system of remuneration, reward positive, and punishment that ensure certainty
and fairness
h. Implement and develop career guidance system
i. Motivating education
j. Harmonious working relationships
k. Maintain documentation of school personnel or school personnel manage administrative
l. Managing conflict
m. Conduct job analysis and prepare job descriptions education
n. Have an appreciation, empathy, and sympathy for education
Competencies in Managing Students

a. Managing new students
b. Managing the development of talent, enthusiasm, creativity and abilities of students
c. Managing the system of systematic guidance and counseling
d. Train the student discipline
e. Prepare the student discipline
f. Striving for student learning readiness (physical, mental)
g. Managing the development of students reporting system
h. Giving students and coordinate placement service further study
Competence in Managing Financial

a. Prepare income and expenditure budget oriented school program for
school development in a transparent
b. Digging funding from government, communities, parents, students
and other contributions that do not bind
c. Developing school-oriented activities generating activities
d. Managing financial accounting school (cash in and cash out)
e. Creating applications and proposals to obtain funds from funders
f. Implement the use of the financial reporting system

Competence in Managing Infrastructure

a. Promote the availability and readiness of school facilities and infrastructure
(laboratories, libraries, classrooms, equipment, etc.)
b. Managing preventive maintenance program, maintenance, and repair of facilities and
c. Specify the school facilities and infrastructure
d. Planning for school facilities and infrastructure needs
e. Manage purchasing / procurement of infrastructure and insurance
f. Managing the administration of the school infrastructure
g. Monitor and evaluate the school infrastructure

Competence in Managing the School-Community Relations

a. Facilitate and empower the Board of School / School Committee as the embodiment of
community involvement on school development
b. Finding and managing public support (funds, thought, morality and power, and so on)
nautical school development
c. Develop plans and programs involving parents and the community
d. Promoting the school to the community
e. Fostering cooperation with government and community agencies
f. Foster harmonious relationships with parents
Competencies in Managing School Information Systems

a. Develop procedures and mechanisms for information system
services, and reporting system
b. Develop a school database (data of student, financial, energy,
facilities, etc.)
c. Managing the school data base for planning school development
d. Prepare reporting systematic, realistic and logical
e. Developing SIM Based computer

Personal Competence

a. Applying tolerance
b. Noble
c. Likes to help
d. Empathize with others
e. Having a high affection
f. Working without prioritizing

Community Social Competence
a. Cooperate in the task
b. Cooperate with leaders
c. Cooperate with teachers, staff / employees, school committees and parents
d. Cooperate with other schools and agencies
e. Participate in institutional
f. Actively participate in academic activities
g. Actively participate in non-academic activities (eg, committees, sports events)
h. Participate in community activities
i. Active in social organizations
j. Actively participate in social activities
k. Actively participate in community activities

The principal competencies standards according to Permens version No 13 in 17 July

Principal competency is the knowledge, skills and values that reflected the basic
principals in the habit of thinking and acting that allows it to be consistently
competent or capable in making decisions about the provision, resource utilization
and increase the potential to improve the quality of education in schools.
The types of general competencies that need to be owned by the principal of
which are : Technical skill, human relation skill and conceptual skill.
Then, according to the Minister of National Education. 13 Year 2007 on
Standards for School / Madrasah principals competencies include Personality
Competence, Managerial Competence, Entrepreneurship Competence, Supervision
Competence and Social Competence.