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# Application of ABCD Parameter

By

## Deborshi Das Santanu Nath Ashok Rajbongshi Saddam Hussain

Contents
Introduction Two port network Types of parameters ABCD parameter Application of ABCD parameter Conclusion

Introduction
The two-port network model is used in mathematical circuit analysis techniques to isolate portions of larger circuits. It allows the response of the network to signals applied to the ports to be calculated easily, without solving for all the internal voltages and currents in the network.

## Two port network

If the rectangular box that represents a network, consists of two pairs of terminals where one pair of terminals can be designated as input, the other pair being output, it is called two port network.

It is also known as four terminal network. In such a network the driving source may be connected at the pair of input terminals while the other pair of terminals serves as output.

## Parameters of two port network

1. 2. 3. 4. Z parameter Y parameter h parameter ABCD parameter

ABCD parameter
ABCD parameters are also called as Transmission Parameters. It is conventional to designate the input port as sending end and the output port as receiving end while representing ABCD parameters. Moreover, the output current direction, is assumed to be reverse.

## Here, the ABCD parameter equations are given as

1 = 2 + 2 1 = 2 + (2 ) =
1 2

(I2=0)

=
B=

1 (I =0) 2 2

(2 = 0)

1 2

(2 = 0)

## Applications of ABCD parameter

1. Cascade Networks 2. Transmission line

Its a combination of two networks. In a cascade connection two-ports are connected with the output port of the first connected to the input port of the second.

For network X, V1X=AXV2X BXI2X I1X=CXV2X DXI2X And for network Y, V1Y=AYV2Y ByI2Y I1y=CyV2Y DyI2Y For the cascade connection, I1=I1X ; -I2X=I1Y; I2=I2Y V1=V1X ; V2X=V1Y ; V2=V2Y The overall transmission parameters for the combined networks as shown ,in matrix form becomes

1 1 = = 1 1 =

2 2

Transmission line
Electric-power transmission is the bulk transfer of electrical energy, from generating power plants to electrical substations located near demand centers.

Let us define three currents I1 , I2 and I3 as indicated in Fig. 2.3. Applying KCL at nodes M and N we get

Aa

## Substituting (2.11) in (2.10) we get

Therefore from (2.11) and (2.12) we get the following ABCD parameters of the nominal- p representation

Conclusion