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Cloud Computing

Group No. 6
Diwakar Singh-
-Key Properties





-Pros & Cons


 With traditional desktop computing, we run copies of software
programs on our own computer. The documents we create are
stored on our own pc.
 Although documents can be accessed from other computers on
the network, they can’t be accessed by computers outside the
network. This is a PC-centric environment.
 Unlike traditional computing, the cloud computing model isn’t
PC-centric, it’s document-centric.

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What Is Cloud

What Is Cloud Computing?
 Key to the definition of cloud computing is the “cloud” itself. Here ,
the cloud is a large group of interconnected computers.
These computers can be personal computers or network servers; they
can be public or private.
This cloud of computers extends beyond a single company or
enterprise. The applications and data served by the cloud are
available to broad group of users, cross-enterprise and cross-
Access is via the Internet. Any authorized user can access these docs
and apps from any computer over any Internet connection.

Key Properties
Cloud Computing Is User Centric :

Once as a user is connected to the cloud, whatever is

stored there—documents, messages, images,
applications, whatever—becomes authorized to the
user access them.
In effect, any device that accesses your data in the
cloud also becomes yours.

 7
 Cloud Computing Is Task-Centric:
Instead of focusing on the application and what it can do, the
focus is on what one needs and how application can do it
for us.
Traditional applications—word processing, spreadsheets,
email, and so on—are becoming less important than the
documents they create.
 Cloud Computing Is Powerful:
Connecting hundreds or thousands of
 computers together in a cloud creates
 a wealth of computing power impossible
 with a single desktop PC.
 8
 Cloud Computing Is Programmable:
Many of the tasks necessary with cloud computing must be

automated. For example, to protect the integrity of the

data, information stored on a single computer in the cloud
must be replicated on other computers in the cloud.
If that one computer goes offline, the cloud’s programming

automatically redistributes that computer’s data to a new

computer in the cloud.

B e h in d C lo u d
C o m p u tin g

 Cloud computing Layers

 Six layers components of cloud computing

How Cloud Computing Works?
Sun Microsystems’s slogan is “The network is the
computer,” and that’s as good as any to describe how
cloud computing works.
In essence, a network of computers functions as a single
computer to serve data and applications to users over the
The network exists in the “cloud” of IP addresses that we
know as the Internet, offers massive computing power
and storage capability, and enables wide scale group

Understanding Cloud Architecture
Individual users connect to the cloud from their own
personal computers or portable devices, over the
To these individual users, the cloud is seen as a single
application, device, or document. The hardware in the
cloud (and the operating system that manages the
hardware connections) is invisible.

It all starts with the front-end interface seen by individual users. This
is how users select a task or service.
The user’s request then gets passed to the system management, which
finds the correct resources and then calls the system’s appropriate
provisioning services.
These services carve out the necessary resources in the cloud, launch
the appropriate web application.
After the web application is launched, the system’s monitoring and
metering functions track the usage of the cloud so that resources are
apportioned and attributed to the proper user(s).

 Cloud applications
A cloud application
 leverages the Cloud in software architecture, often
eliminating the need to install and run the
application on the customer's own computer, thus
alleviating the burden of software maintenance,
ongoing operation, and support. For example:
Peer-to-peer / volunteer computing (Bit torrent,
BOINC Projects, Skype)
Web application (Twitter)
Software as a service (Google Apps, SAP and
Software plus services (Microsoft Online Services)
 16
 Cloud clients
 A cloud client consists of computer hardware
and/or computer software which relies on cloud
computing for application delivery. For
Mobile (Android, iPhone, Windows Mobile)
Thin client (CherryPal, Zonbu, gOS-based
Thick client / Web browser (Microsoft Internet
Explorer, Mozilla Firefox)

Cloud services
A cloud service includes "products, services and
solutions that are delivered and consumed in
real-time over the Internet".
For example, Web Services which may be accessed
by other cloud computing components, software,
e.g., Software plus services, or end users directly.
Specific examples include:

ü Identity (OAuth, OpenID)

ü Integration (Amazon Simple Queue Service)
ü Payments (Amazon Flexible Payments Service,
Google Checkout, PayPal)
ü Mapping (Google Maps, Yahoo! Maps, MapQuest)
ü Search (Alexa, Google Custom Search, Yahoo!
ü Others (Amazon Mechanical Turk)

 Understanding Cloud Storage:
 One of the primary uses of cloud computing is for data storage.
 With cloud storage, data is stored on multiple third-party
servers, rather than on the dedicated servers used in traditional
networked data storage.
 When storing data, the user sees a virtual server—that is, it
appears as if the data is stored in a particular place with a specific
 But that place doesn’t exist in reality. It’s just a pseudonym used
to reference virtual space carved out of the cloud.

Understanding Cloud Services:
 Any web-based application or service offered via cloud
computing is called a cloud service.
Cloud services can include anything from calendar and
contact applications to word processing and presentations.

 The browser accesses the cloud service and an instance
of the application is opened within the browser window.
Once launched, the web-based application operates and
behaves like a standard desktop application.

Cloud Computing
The concept generally incorporates

combinations of the following:

infrastructure as a service (IaaS)
platform as a service (PaaS)
software as a service (SaaS)

What is Software-as-a-
Software as a Service (SaaS) is a model of
software deployment where an application is
hosted as a service provided to customers
across the Internet.
It is a Deployment/Delivery model
» Hosted and Managed by vendor

» Delivered across the Internet

Usage-based pricing (vs. perpetual license

model of on premise software)
» Per user per month

» Per transaction

» Per GB of storage per month

SaaS Benefits
Customer Benefits
Faster time to deployment
Low variable cost based on usage instead of
upfront fixed cost
No ongoing maintenance
Lower risk
Quicker access to latest Features

Vendor Benefits

Predictable revenue stream

Realize and capture operations cost saving due to
Track usage of software by customer
Maintain single code base
Target new market segment
SaaS Evolution

SaaS Trends
Expected growth
 » According to a recent Gartner survey 9 out of
10 companies plan to grow their use of
software-as-a service in the year 2009 and
more than 30% plan to replace on-premises
software with SaaS to drive down TCO.

Benefits From Cloud Computing:
The ability to share and edit documents in real time between multiple users is one of
the primary benefits of web-based applications; it makes collaboration easy and even
§Road Warriors:
You can access a single version of your document from any location when travelling.

§Cost- Conscious users:

Another group of users who should incline to cloud computing are those who are cost
conscious. With cloud computing you can save money on both your hardware and

 Criticism and Disadvantages of
Cloud Computing
Ø Dependent on internet connection. Internet
connectivity isn’t completely stable and reliable -
even in the US.
Ø Cloud computing still has to exist on physical
servers-As nebulous as cloud computing seems,
the data still resides on servers around the world,
and the physical location of those servers is
important under many nation’s laws.
Ø Depending on third-party to ensure the
security -Many businesses still look at its
offerings with caution, since they are terrified to
lose control, and/or don’t trust third-parties to
manage their information.
q Thus cloud computing provide a super-computing
power. This cloud of computers extends beyond a
single company or enterprise.
q The applications and data served by the cloud are
available to broad group of users, cross-enterprise and
q And in this era of cost cutting and cost management,
cloud computing is not only the present ,it is future as