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ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY


ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF FIXED POWER SUPPLY & DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF DOMESTIC UPS Work done by C.SURESH KUMAR (100106138033) P.THAMARI KANNAN (100106138034) M.P.SUNIL (100106138032) M.SIVASAKTHI (100106138031)

ELECTRONICS DESIGNLABORATORY

CONTENTS
ABSTRACT. OBJECTIVE. INTRODUCTION. BLOCK DIAGRAM. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM. CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION. SIMULATION DIAGRAM. SIMULATED GRAPH. DESIGN ANALYSIS. CONCLUSION..

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ABSTRACT
UPS - An uninterruptible power supply, also uninterruptible power source, UPS or battery/flywheel backup, is an electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when the input power source, typically mains power fails.

FIXED POWER SUPPLY - To Construct a regulated DC power supply to provide a low-ripple constant output voltage in the range 5V DC at 1 Amps (maximum) load current from a 230 V AC power outlet.

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OBJECTIVE
UPS - To design and fabricate a domestic uninterrupitble power supply. FIXED POWER SUPPLY - To design and fabricate constant 5V, 1A power supply for various domestic applications at low cost and high reliability.

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INTRODUCTION - UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY

It is an instrument connected between the electric grid and the consumer, comprising of electric hardware and rechargeable batteries. The aim of the instrument is to supply continuous undisturbed and conditioned power to the critical load. UPS is classified into three types mainly depends on design and quality of power supplied. Backup UPS Line Interactive Ups On-Line UPS

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BLOCK DIAGRAM

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CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

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CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
TRANSFORMER : - Transformers are used in power supplies to isolate the power supply from the AC voltage source. - Basic principle of transformer is that a changing magnetic field within a coil of wire induces a voltage across the ends of the coil. Ideal Transformer Equation

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Contd..
RECTIFIER: Rectifier is used to convert the incoming AC voltage to a DC voltage. There are three basic types of rectifier circuits used with power supplies. Half wave rectifier. Full wave rectifier. Full wave bridge rectifier.

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FILTER: - The main function of the filter is to eliminate the unwanted signals or ripples in a component or a system, here the filter is used to eliminate the ac ripple from a dc voltage.

MULTIVIBRATOR: - Multivibrator creates an electrical signal that changes state on a regular basis (astable) or on demand (monostable).

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SIMULATION DIAGRAM

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SIMULATION WAVE FORM

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DESIGN ANALYSIS
THEORETICAL VALUE (VOLTS) PEAK VOLTAGE RMS VOLTAGE PRACTICAL VALUE(VOLTS) PEAK RMS VOLTAGE VOLTAGE

S.NO

APPARATUS

1
2 3

Transformer
Rectifier Regulator

16.97
15.57 230

12
11

13.2
11.2 162

9.33
7.9

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INTRODUCTION - FIXED POWER SUPPLY

This 5V fixed power supply uses an IC voltage regulator and a heavy duty transformer to provide a reliable dc power supply.

Here a regulator used is LM7805 is a very famous IC and easily available in the market comes with 3pins, supporting input voltage from 0 volt to 9 volt DC and delivers a stable output of 5 volt DC.

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BLOCK DIAGRAM

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CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

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CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
TRANSFORMER :

- Transformers are used in power supplies to isolate the power supply from the AC voltage source. - Basic principle of transformer is that a changing magnetic field within a coil of wire induces a voltage across the ends of the coil. Ideal Transformer Equation is

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Contd..
RECTIFIER: Rectifier is used to convert the incoming AC voltage to a DC voltage. There are three basic types of rectifier circuits used with power supplies. Half wave rectifier. Full wave rectifier. Full wave bridge rectifier.

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FILTER: - The main function of the filter is to eliminate the unwanted signals or ripples in a component or a system, here the filter is used to eliminate the ac ripple from a dc voltage.

REGULATOR: -A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level.

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SIMULATION DIAGRAM
XSC3 5
2

XMM2
G

U1 LM7805CT
LINE VREG VOLTAGE COMMON

4
A B C

T D

D5 1

V1 12 Vrms 50 Hz 0
3 3N246

XSC1
G

XSC2
G T A B C D

2.2mF C1

C2 100nF

C3 100nF

T A B C D

XMM1

10

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SIMULATION WAVE FORM

DESIGN ANALYSIS

SL. NO

APPARATUS

THEORETICAL VALUE (VOLTS) PEAK VOLTAGE RMS VOLTAGE

PRACTICAL VALUE(VOLTS) PEAK VOLTAGE RMS VOLTAGE

1
2 3 4

TRANSFORMER
RECTIFIER CAPACITOR REGULATOR

16.97
15.57 14.013 5

12
11 9.9

9.3
7.42 11.96 4.9

6.57
5.25
8.45

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CONCLUSION

Thus the design and fabrication of 5 volt fixed power supply was designed and the output was verified successfully.

Thus the design and fabrication of domestic uninterrupted power supply was done and the desired output was obtained.

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REFERENCES :
www.circuitdiagram.org www.next.gr/power-supplies www.powersupply88.com www.circuitsstream.blogspot.in www.circuitstoday.com

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