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"An occupation out of harmony with the worker's aptitudes and capacities means inefficiency, unenthusiastic and perhaps distasteful labor, and low pay; while an occupation in harmony with the nature of the man means enthusiasm, love of work, and high economic values-superior product, efficient service, -Frank Parsons, Choosing a Vocation and good pay."

Aptitude can be :

Intelligence Intelligence Mental Tests

Achievement tes Ability/skill/talent Physical Skill test

For vocational/career guidance and planning they are used to measure different aptitudes such as:

general learning ability clerical perception

verbal ability spatial perception numerical ability

Aptitude- Inclination or tendency, a natural ability, capacity of learning, and general sustainability Aptitude tests- standardized tests to predict an individuals ability to learn certain skills Industry- department or branch of craft, art, business, or manufacture, especially which has a large personnel and capital

Different kinds of aptitude tests:

Accounting & Customer Service Skills

Bookkeeper Math Aptitude Test Banking Teller Math Aptitude Test Business Analyst Skills Evaluation Computer Career Assessment Test Computer Programmer Aptitude Battery Customer Service Aptitude Profile

Inventory Electrical Aptitude Test Philippines: Nursing Aptitude Test College Scholastic Aptitude Test Philippine Aptitude Classification Test Philippine Aptitude Test for Teachers

China (7th century)

Alfred Binets IQ test College Entrance Exam

American Education


Industrial tests (Aptitude)

Flanagan Industrial Test

John Clemans Flanagan (1916-1966)

BS Physics in University of Washington and PhD

in mental measurement from Truman Kelly Practical psychologist in Air Corps in WWII Aviation Psychological Program American Institutes of Research:
Contribute to the science of human behavior and fuller development and utilization of mankinds capacities and potential

Flanagan Industrial Test

Made in 1975 with 18 individually sold distinct

aptitude From Flanagan Aptitude Classification Test (FACTTM) Selection, placement, reassignment, and vocational counseling Designed for supervisory, technical, office, skill labor and other industrial positions Measures distinct aptitudes or functions important to a variety of industrial positions Percentile norms were based on more than 40 job classification Validation studies: Predictive of job success for a number of different jobs Takes 5-15 minutes per test, using booklets, and stencils (Raw score, percentile norm, and classification)

Arithmetic - Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide. Five-minute

time limit. Assembly - Ability to visualize how separate pieces will look as a whole. Ten-minute time limit. Components - Ability to identify a simple figure that is part of a complete drawing. Ten-minute time limit. Coordination - Ability to control hand and arm movements while working through a series of mazes. Five-minute time limit. Electronics - Ability to understand electrical and electronic principles as well as analyze diagrams of electrical circuits. Fifteen-minute time limit. Expression - Knowledge of correct grammar and sentence structure. Five-minute time limit. Ingenuity - Ability to think of ingenious and effective ways of solving problems. Fifteen-minute time limit. Inspection - Ability to spot imperfections or flaws in a series of objects. Five-minute time limit. *** Judgment and Comprehension - Ability to read and comprehend given information. Fifteen-minute time limit.

Mathematics and Reasoning - Ability to reason through mathematical

word problems. Fifteen-minute time limit. Mechanics - Ability to understand mechanical principles and analyze mechanical movement. Fifteen-minute time limit. Memory - Ability to memorize different terms and their meanings. Tenminute time limit. Patterns - Ability to perceive and reproduce pattern outlines accurately. Five-minute time limit. Planning - Ability to plan, organize and schedule various types of activities. Fifteen-minute time limit. Precision - Capacity for precision work with small objects. Five-minute time limit. Scales - Ability to read scales, graphs and charts. Five-minute time limit. Tables - Ability to read tables quickly and accurately. Five-minute time limit. Vocabulary - Knowledge of words used in business and government environments. Fifteen-minute time limit.

Inspections or Patterns

ASVAB- History
Army Alpha and Army Beta; WWI. Army General

Classification Test and Navy General Classification Test; WWII. Armed Forces Qualification Test (1950s)- uniform general ability measurement to identify probable successful military applicants in the services; while Army Classification Battery to classify ASVAB (1968)- used by Air Force and Marine in 1973-74; 1996-1997, the CAT-ASVAB was implemented at all Military Entrance Processing Stations; P&P-ASVAB in low volume satellite locations Developed and maintained by Department of Defense

ASVAB stands for Army

Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Three version: P&PASVAB, CAT-ASVAB, and Student-ASVAB Measures strengths, weaknesses, and potential future success, providing career information for various civilian and military occupations; indicator of future endeavors (college, vocational school, or military courses); determine of career field

Individual and

composite sub-tests Armed Forces Qualification Test Critical Arithmetic reasoning, math knowledge, and verbal composite (word knowledge and paragraph comprehension)

Service Branch Army Navy Marines

Required AFQT Score*

31 35 31

Air Force


Coast Guard 45

For a large number of potential recruits, and

for enlistment purposes It takes 1 and a half hour, time-limit Includes 10 sub-tests, similar to the MET-site ASVAB Computerized Adaptive Testing= correct difficult

9 Subtests



Descriptions Measures knowledge of life science, earth and space

General Science (GS) 8 16

science, and physical science. Arithmetic Reasoning 39 (AR) 16 basic math problems. Measures ability to Word Knowledge (WK) 8 16 understand the meaning of words through synonyms. Measures ability to obtain Paragraph 22 Comprehension (PC) materials. Measures knowledge of Mathematics Knowledge 18 16 mathematical concepts and 11 information from written Measures ability to solve

Measures knowledge of Electronics Information 8 (EI) 16 devices, and electronic systems. electrical current, circuits,

Measures knowledge of Auto Information (AI) 6 11 automotive maintenance and repair. Measures knowledge of Shop Information (SI) 5 11 wood and metal shop practices. Measures knowledge of the Mechanical 20 Comprehension (MC) 16 devices, structural support, and properties of materials. principles of mechanical

Scores are computed

through formulas which takes into account the question difficulty and correctness of answer Raw scores not equal to number of correct answers AFQT= AR+MK+2(VE), 1989 Shorter test in CATASVAB

ASVAB- General Science

Air is less dense that water because A. It is lighter B. Its molecules are further apart C. Its molecules are closer together D. It moves more quickly and easily 100C is equal to A. 32F B. 100F C. 200F D. 212F

ASVAB- Arithmetic Reasoning

If the tire of a car rotates at a constant speed of 552 times in one minute, how many times will the tire rotate in half-an-hour? A. 276 B. 5,520 C. 8,280 D. 16,560 One in every 9 people in a town vote for party A. All others vote for party B. How many people vote for party B in a town of 810? A. 90 B. 720 C. 801 D. 819

ASVAB- Word Knowledge

Antagonize most nearly means A. embarrass. B. struggle. C. provoke. D. worship. Wilted most nearly means A. left. B. limp. C. budding. D. requested.

ASVAB- Paragraph Comprehension

l who enter it with preconceptions of sand and cacti around every bend. It has a look and atmosphere that does not fit the boots-andsaddle image of the state. The author implies that the look and atmosphere of east Texas does NOT resemble that of the A. marshlands. B. mountains. C. seashore. D. desert. A thin transparent layer of oxide protects the metal titanium against corrosion. The same thin layer attracts artists interested in making their art with the help of technology. By using heat or electricity, an artist can thicken the oxide layer and thereby turn the metal a range of vivid colors. According to the passage, some artists work with titanium because it

A. is transparent. B. does not corrode. C. generates its own heat. D. can assume a variety of colors.

ASVAB- Mathematics Knowledge

27/3= A. B. C. D. 3 3 9 12 Length=8 Width=3 Height=4 The volume of the brick is

A. 15 B. 36 C. 44 D. 96

ASVAB- Electronics Information

Because solid state diodes have no filament, they
The circuit shown in the diagram contains a battery and two light bulbs. If one light bulb burns out, the other will
A. no longer burn. B. continue to burn. C. flicker on and off. D. burn more brightly.

A. don't work. B. are less efficient than tubes. C. require less operating power. D. require more operating power.

ASVAB- Auto Information

Shock absorbers on a car connect the axle to the A. wheel. B. chassis. C. drive shaft. D. exhaust pipe. Where does combustion take place? A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6

ASVAB- Shop Information

Sanding blocks are

used to
A. prevent high spots and ridges on sanded surfaces. B. prevent dirt from collecting on the sandpaper. C. stretch the length of the sandpaper. D. prolong the use of the sandpaper.

The clamp shown is called a

A. bar clamp. B. web clamp. C. spring clamp. D. parallel clamp.

ASVAB- Mechanical Comprehension

Extending the reach of this crane will shift its

A. total weight. B. allowable speed. C. center of gravity. D. center of buoyancy.

In which direction does friction act on this skier?

A. B. C. D.

ASVAB- Assembling Objects

Which figure best shows how the objects in the left box will touch if the letters for each object are matched? A. B. C. D.

Which figure best shows how the objects in the left box will appear if they are fit together?

A. B. C. D.