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UNDERSTANDING SELF PG 1st semester (By Dr.

Deepa sharma)

Self-concept is an individuals perception of self and is what helps make each individual unique. Positive and negative self-assessments in the physical, emotional, intellectual, and functional dimensions change over time. Self-concept affects the ability to function and greatly influences health status.

Dimensions of Self-Concept
Self-knowledge Who am I? Self-expectation Who or what do I want to be? Social self How person perceived by others? Self-evaluation How well do I like myself?

Self knowledge
Global self: is the term used to describe the composite of all basic facts, qualities, traits, images and feelings one holds about oneself. It includes: 1. Basic facts: sex, age, race, occupation, cultural background, sexual orientation 2. Persons position with social groups 3. Qualities or traits that describe typical behaviours, feelings, moods and other characteristics (generous, hot-headed , ambitious, intelligent, sexy

Self expectations
Expectations for self flow from various sources. The ideal self constitutes the self one want to be. Self expectations develop unconsciously early in childhood and are based on image of role models such as parents

Self evaluation

Self esteem is the evaluative and affective component of self concept Maslows Subsets of Esteem Needs:
1. Self-esteem (strength, achievement, mastery, competence, ..) 2. Respect needs or the need for esteem from others

Components of Self-Concept
Identity Body image Self-esteem Role performance

Interrelationship of Components of Self-Concept

Components of Self-Concept
A sense of personal identity is what sets one person apart as a unique individual. Identity includes a persons name, gender, ethnic identity, family status, occupation, and roles. Ones personal identity begins to develop during childhood and is constantly reinforced and modified throughout life.

Components of Self-Concept
Body image is an attitude about ones physical attributes and characteristics, appearance, and performance. Body image is dynamic because any change in body structure or function, including the normal changes of growth and development, can affect it.

Components of Self-Concept
Self-Ideal is the perception of behavior based on personal standards and selfexpectations. Self-ideal serves as an internal regulator to support self-respect and self-esteem.

Components of Self-Concept
Self-esteem is the judgment of personal performance compared with the selfideal. Self-esteem is derived from a sense of giving and receiving love, and being respected by others.

Components of Self-Concept
Role refers to a set of expected behaviors determined by familial, cultural, and social norms. The level of self-esteem is dependent upon the self-perception of adequate role performance in these various social roles.

Development of Self-Concept
Self-concept evolves throughout life and depends to an extent on an individuals developmental level.

Formation of Self-Concept
1. Infant learns physical self different from environment. 2. If basic needs are met, child has positive feelings of self. 3. Child internalizes others peoples attitudes toward self. 4. Child or adult internalizes standards of society.

Factors Affecting Self-Concept

Altered Health Status Experience Developmental considerations Culture Internal and external resources History of success and failure Crisis or life stressors Aging, illness, or trauma