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Importance of Human Resource

EdM 4 (School Personnel Administration) Esperanza P. San Juan Associate Professor V

Human resources management is a division of the general science of management.
is the function and responsibility of management; primarily the function and responsibility of management from the top to the lowest operating supervisor.

Three dimensions:
1. the relationships of the employee with the organization directly influence by his contacts with his immediate supervisor than by any other factor.

2. the relationship with the top management

basic responsibility of top management that must define its philosophy and attitudes toward its human resources and/or the union through its policies and programs.

3. the relationship with the lower levels of management lower level of management bears the brunt of direct relationship with the rank and file employees.


Management the process of efficiently

completely activities with and through other people.

Basic Management Functions Applied to Human Resource Management

1. Planning a function focused on setting organization goal. the job of determining a proposed mode of action based upon a full understanding of ht factors involved, and directed at specific objectives which take into consideration the priorities desired by management. involves the ability to analyze projected programs and policies in the light of conditions related to objectives.

2. Organizing deals with determining what jobs are to be done, by whom, where decisions are to be made, and how to group employees. the arrangement of the relationships of jobs and position which are necessary to carry out the personnel programs as determined by top management. It establishes lines of responsibility, authority and communication.

3. Leading concerned with directing the work of others.

4. Controlling concerned with monitoring activities to ensure goals are met.

5. Coordinating a method of getting people in an organization to work together harmoniously to achieve a common goal with minimum expenditure of effort and materials.

Other Sciences Needed in the Study of Personnel Management

Psychology Economics Law Sociology Research and Statistics

Development of Employee Concepts

Labor as a commodity - Labor as a machine - Goodwill as a concept of labor - Labor as human personality - Labor as a partner - Labor as social responsibility of the employer - Labor as resource

Business, which embraces commerce and industry, is not an accidental human activity but an integral element of the social order. Its primary purpose is to meet societys human needs by providing goods and services as efficiently as possible. Those engaged in business should, therefore, recognize the following basic concepts:

All business is essentially an expression of human

relationships; not only with those who work in the enterprise, but also with those who own and provide financial resources, with those who supply it with materials and services, with those who buy its products or services, with the government, and with the wider public whose lives are affected by the business activity. The interests of all those members of society must be taken into account in formulating business policy. These interests, in themselves legitimate, will at times conflict. While conflict and tension can of themselves be constructive, the aim of business must always to be reconcile opposing interests in a balance of justice and mutual concern.

The owners, management, the work force, the supplies

and sub-contractors, the customers, and government contribute to the performance of the business enterprise, and are therefore entitled to receive the proper worth of their contributions. The resources employed by a business enterprise are financial, technological and human. The human resources have a unique quality and should be employed in a manner consistent with personal dignity. The individual should be given opportunity to use and develop his facilities in his work. His contribution to the success of the enterprise should be properly recognized and rewarded.

Business enterprise has a public responsibility to use all

its resources efficiently. Profit in a system of free recognize as a fundamental incentive, and is necessary for the maintenance and growth of the enterprise, for raising the quality of life, and for helping meet the broader needs of society. Competition and inventiveness are essential for the maintenance and continuing improvement of the quality of goods and services, for growth and for technological progress. However, to guard against unfair forms of competition, a consistent standard of business behavior must be established and observed.

In business, as in any other institution of society, any right

or authority enjoyed by or entrusted to business presupposes, and is justified by, corresponding duties, responsibilities, and performance.

Nature of Human Resource Management

Two primary responsibilities 1. Assisting the organization in its strategic direction and representing and advocating for the organizations employees. 2. Serve the organization by determining lowest-cost strategies to its HRM practices.


HRM Primary Activities

Safety and health

Strategic human resource planning Recruiting Selection Training and Development

Employee relations

HRM Goals
Motivation theories Performance Appraisals Rewards and compensation Employee Benefits

Orientation Employee training Employee development Career development

External Influences Affect HRM

1. Government Legislation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 15 day SL/15 VL Accrued Leave Credits Eight hours labor work Compensation for Over Time work Forced leave Teacher leave basis Special Privilege Leave Paternity leave Compensation