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GEOL 716: Variations in Sequence Stratigraphy

University of South Carolina Spring 2006

Octavian Catuneanu, 2002


Professor Chris Kendall EWS 304 kendall@sc.edu 777.2410
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy
A framework of genetically related stratigraphic facies geometries and their bounding surfaces used to determine depositional setting

Sequence Stratigraphy
Subdivision & interpretation of sedimentary record using a framework surfaces seen in outcrops, well logs, & 2-D and 3-D seismic. Include: Surfaces of erosion & non-deposition (sequence boundaries) Flooding (trangressive surfaces [TS] &/or maximum flooding surfaces [mfs])

This framework used to predict the extent of sedimentary facies geometry, lithologic character, grain size, sorting & reservoir quality
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy Base Level

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy Base Level

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy Base Level Controls

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy Base Level Controls

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy Base Level Controls

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Transgression & Regression

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Transgression - Regression

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GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Normal Regression

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GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Forced Regression

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Transgression

After Catuneanu, 2002


GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Terminations

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GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Seismic Expression

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy After Catuneanu, 2002

Sequences system tracts etc


After Catuneanu, 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Fluvial & Shoreface F. Regression

After Catuneanu, 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Falling Stage System Tract


After Catuneanu 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Ravinement & Normal Regression


After Catuneanu
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

2002

Flooding Surfaces

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Flooding Surfaces

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Regional Architecture of Depositional Systems, System Tracts, & Surfaces


After Catuneanu, 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Wheeler Diagram Regress/Trans Cycle

After Catuneanu 2002


GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Regional Architecture Transition Zone Fluvial Shore


After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Coastal Erosion of Transgression

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GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy Model Tree

After Catuneanu, 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence Boundaries
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence After Catuneanu, 2002

Stratigraphy

Subaerial Unconformities

After Catuneanu 2002


GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Formation of Subaerial Unconformity

After Catuneanu, 2002


GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Fluvial & Shoreface Forced Regression Deposits

After Catuneanu, 2002


GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Correlative Conformity
After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Wheeler Diagram Regress/Trans Cycle Temporal Significance of A & B Surfaces

After Catuneanu 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Basal Surface Forced Regression

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GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Regressive Surface of Marine Erosion


After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Maximum Regressive Surface of Marine Erosion


After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Progradation of Coarsening Upward Succession

After Catuneanu, 2002


GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Maximum Flooding Surface


After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Ravinement Surface
After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Within Trend Normal Regressive Surface


After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Within Trend Flooding Surface


After Catuneanu 2002
GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Hierarchies of Sequences

After Catuneanu, 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Superimposed Shoreline Shifts

After Catuneanu, 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Features of Shelf and Ramp

After Catuneanu, 2002

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy

Lecture Ends!!
And so to supper

GEOL 716 Lecture 3: Sequence Stratigraphy