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History and Culture, Language and Literature: Selected Essays of Agoncillo with a LECTURE on REFLECTIVE ANALYSIS

A Note on Reflective Analysis and A Reflective Analysis of IT 301 Prepared by Raizza Corpuz

In the words of Steve Jobbs, Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations. (Brainy quote, 2012)


Gibbs (1988) identifies a 6 step process to aid reflective practice. He asks the questions; 1. Description what happened? 2. Feelings what were you thinking and feeling? 3. Evaluation what was good and bad about the experience? 4. Analysis what sense can you make of the situation? 5. Conclusion what else could you have done? 6. Action plan what will you do next time? (Gibbs, 1988) Unlike all the other models, Gibbs (1988) has taken into account the emotional and feelings aspect of reflective practice.

Greenway (1988) promotes learning from an experience by a three-step process. Do- Have the experience Review- Review what happened and what can be learned from the experience. Plan- Play a way to approach the next round of experience.

Wilkins (1998) criticises the journalism profession of doing rather than thinking. Wilkins (1998) suggests two alternatives to combating doing rather than thinking either adjusting journalistic practices or redefining the nature of journalism itself.

Kolb (1938) believes that learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Experiential learning is what transforms both information and experience of a journalist into knowledge (Kolb, 1938). The Kolb cycle, as can be seen in the photo has four phases and this is the cycle which leads to structured reflective practice (Kolb, 1938).


Historical Interpretation
The conflict of the said ideas definitely affects how two books from different perspectives define a single word, history. From my own point of view, I think it is a mixture of both, history or a part of history must be observed from both an artistic view and a scientific view The artistic view of it is why the people did it for example, more of the emotional side of it, because the word art is expression of oneself or people as a whole. On the other hand, scientific view focuses on the facts on how, what at who did things. From what I read, I think the only point of the said paragraphs is that no matter if the article or the book one is reading is written from an artistic or scientific view, either objective or subjective, what matters most is that we study history because it greatly affected the evolution of things and how and why things turned out the way it did. ( Claudio)

The shadow of past events which are gone and cannot be made to appear again. . Historian should not fear bias; as a matter of fact, he should be open about it. What historian should avoid is twisting of facts to suit his personal or group interest. The historian is like a judge, he listens to all arguments, after which he renders his decision. Interpretation is not right or wrong; it is either valid or invalid. Its validity rests on its closeness and relevance to the given facts (Mana-ay)

History as Humanities
A good teacher is the one that can make the past come alive and make the student imagine what happen in the past. On the other hand a bad teacher is the one who just teaches the dates locations etc. of an important event- (Martillana) History becomes the study of humanity because the person gives meaning, life and significance on a different way of re-creating the past. History affects the life of the historians because they are the one who recreates the past, and they understand deeply what happens in events in the past. (Cruz)

History is not all about studying and memorizing dates and names but also to understand what is the meaning of the events and what for ( Elumbra) In social science, he also mentioned that it is not necessary to be literary in order to be great, although there are social scientists who are good writers. That for a historian to be recognized as great, he must have a style that is once clear, flowing, and charming (Fallarme)

Literature as History
History needed a proper understanding and appreciation of literature while so much literature is needed to make history which means history and literature are relates together (Coscos) Through literary works we were able to know the social and economic condition of different eras (Delara) People who used these literary works as source of history should keep in mind that compared to historians, literary artist has unlimited imagination and so they must not carelessly accept everything that they narrate. (Delara)

It may not be as realistic and accurate as any autobiography but still can teach us a lesson that somehow entail some of the hidden history of the world (Laja) Literature represents a part of the history. It shows the timeline of the history. Literature is history because it contains ideas, event, and feelings of the people in the past(---?)

History as a Vehicle of Cultural Development

know how the people behave, how other people influence our people way back then. Be culture is a complex idea, you will learn it but its not that easy. Our mind cant just know that a thing happened by just reading it from a single context. History was used as a vehicle or a tool or instrument or whatever to help us feel , not only to know but to realize, re-live, History will let people evolve Through history humanity evolves by learning the past the culture adapts on whats on the present and let the history guide them (Monton)

The Filipino culture is a summation of foreign influences and native forces. These foreign contribute the shaping of our culture I hope that modernization can't bind any beliefs that we acquire from the history. We must not just read it from a history book, but learn to enhance and educate the young Filipinos who need to learn the culture we have (Primavera)



Vehicle of Cultural Development