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Chapter 14, Section 2 (14.

2)

A Government of Total Control

Totalitarianism:
government that takes total, centralized,

state control over every aspect of public & private life

Devices of Control

Police Terror:
use of violence to

crush opposition

Indoctrination:
Brainwashing

people with what the government wants them to think & believe

Devices of Control

Propaganda:
Biased or incomplete

information used to sway people to accept certain beliefs or actions

Censorship:
Keeping certain

information from people


Banning of certain

publications, film, art or music

Devices of Control

Religious or Ethnic Persecution:


creating enemies of the state gives leaders

someone to blame when things go wrong


Der Ewige Jude (The Wandering Jew) On November 8, 1937 a propaganda exhibit entitled Der Ewige Jude (The Wandering Jew) opened which portrayed Jews as communists, swindlers and sexfiends. Over 150,000 people attended the exhibit in just 3 days. Jews were frequently associated with communists and thieves. The Wandering Jew later became a notorious hate film, and associated the Jews with rats and other vermin.

Totalitarian Leaders of the Century

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Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin (1928-1954) Instituted a Communist government Oversaw the mass murder of between 8-13 million of his own people Stressed education Elevated position of women Opposed individuality & creativity

Totalitarian Leaders of the Century China


Mao Zedong ( 1949-

th 20

1976)
Led the Peoples

Republic of China Helped spread the ideas of Communism from 1921 until his death Policies and political purges widely believed to have caused the deaths of between 40 to 70 million people

Totalitarian Leaders of the Century

th 20

Germany
Adolf Hitler (Fhrer) (1933-1945) Chancellor of Germany 1933-1945 Head of state from 1934-1945 Leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI) Facist ideals Vowed to rid the world of the impure races Largely responsible for the Holocaust & the death of an estimated 11 to 14 million, 6 million were Jews

Totalitarian Leaders of the Century

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Italy
Benito Mussolini , 'Il Duce' (1922-

1945)
Prime Minister

Key developer of Fascism


Kill tally: 400,000 Italians during

WWII, 30,000 Ethiopians during Italian occupation

Totalitarian Leaders of the Century

th 20

Spain
Francisco Franco (1936-

1975) Caudillo de Espaa, por la gracia de Dios Head of State of Spain Killed between 15,00050,000