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Saving Faith & Repentance

To Life &

Saving Faith & Repentance To Life & Salvation THE 1689 BAPTIST CONFESSION CHAPTER 14 & 15

Salvation

THE 1689 BAPTIST CONFESSION

CHAPTER 14 & 15

14 Outline

I. The source of saving faith

  • A. The personal agent involved

14 – Outline I. The source of saving faith A. The personal agent involved B. The
  • B. The instrumental means involved

II The acts of saving faith

  • A. Embraces Bible‟s infallibility & excellency

    • B. Responds appropriately to everything in

Bible

  • C. Saving faith trusts in Christ alone for

salvation from sin

III. The distinctiveness of saving faith

A The fact of its distinctiveness

1. The fact qualified 2. The fact emphasized

  • B. The fruit of its distinctiveness

14 - Faith Defined

Q90: What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath

14 - Faith Defined  Q90: What doth God require of us, that we may escape

and curse due to us for sin?

A: To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requireth

of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life, with the diligent use of all

the outward means whereby Christ

communicateth to us the benefits of

redemption.

14 - Faith Defined

Q91: What is faith in Jesus Christ?

A: Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace , whereby we receive

14 - Faith Defined  Q91: What is faith in Jesus Christ?  A: Faith in

and rest upon him alone for

salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel.

14 - Faith Defined

Q95: How is the Word made effectual to salvation?

14 - Faith Defined  Q95: How is the Word made effectual to salvation?  A:

A: The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the

preaching of the Word, an

effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of

building them up in holiness and

comfort, through faith, unto

salvation.

Conversion:

2 Divine-Human Activities

Conversion: 2 Divine-Human Activities  Conversion defined:  Our willing response to the gospel call, in

Conversion defined:

Our willing response to the gospel call, in which we

sincerely repent of sins and

place our trust in Christ for

salvation

Conversion:

2 Divine-Human Activities

Repentance defined:

Turning from sin Faith defined:

Turning to Jesus

Conversion: 2 Divine-Human Activities  Repentance defined:  Turning from sin  Faith defined:  Turning

“What Must I Do To Be Saved?”

Repent? Acts 2:38; 3:19; 5:31; 11:18; 17:30

“What Must I Do To Be Saved?”  Repent?  Acts 2:38; 3:19 ; 5:31; 11:18;

Therefore repent and return, so that your sins may be wiped away

Believe? 8:12-13; 10:43; 11:17; 13:39; 16:31

…through His name everyone who believes in Him receives forgiveness

of sins.

“Why aren‟t both always mentioned?

There is only one solution to this difficulty

that is logically consistent and in line with

“Why aren‟t both always mentioned? There is only one solution to this difficulty that is logically

the biblical data. Though faith and

repentance are distinct graces, they are so intimately connected that one never

exist without the other.

Repentance and faith are distinct. Some

might think, „The solution is that

repentance and faith are two different

names for the same thing. They are

synonyms.‟ [cont.]

“This would be a false conclusion for

the biblical data does not permit it. Repentance and faith depict different

“This would be a false conclusion for the biblical data does not permit it. Repentance and

realities…

One [Greek word for repentance] means a change of mind about God and sin.

The other means a turning from sin to

God. Faith is a conviction of the truth and

a commitment to Christ, a closely related

but distinct thing. Repentance and faith

are directed towards different objects (Acts 20:21). [cont.]

Repentance focuses on God and his law. Faith focuses on Christ and his grace. Repentance and faith possess different roles in

salvation… Faith highlights the grace that works salvation. Repentance highlights the change that

salvation works.”

- p.193-194

“ Repentance focuses on God and his law. Faith focuses on Christ and his grace. Repentance

Both Intimately Connected

One cannot exist without the other Acts 20:21; 11:17-18; 17:30, 34 solemnly testifying to both Jews and Greeks of repentance

Both Intimately Connected  One cannot exist without the other  Acts 20:21 ; 11:17-18; 17:30,

toward God and faith in our Lord

Jesus Christ.

“You cannot repent

unless you believe.

You cannot believe unless you repent.

All true faith is

repentant.

All true repentance is

believing.

“You cannot repent unless you believe. You cannot believe unless you repent. All true faith is

Thus both are necessary

to be saved”

“Which is prior, faith or repentance? It is an unnecessary question and the insistence that one is prior to the other is futile. There is no priority. The faith that is unto salvation is a penitent faith and the repentance that is unto life is a believing repentance. Repentance is admirably defined in the Shorter Catechism.

“Which is prior, faith or repentance? It is an unnecessary question and the insistence that one

Repentance Defined

Q92: What is repentance unto life?

Repentance Defined  Q92: What is repentance unto life?  A: Repentance unto life is a

A: Repentance unto life is a saving grace, whereby a sinner,

out of a true sense of his sin, and

apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, doth, with grief and

hatred of his sin, turn from it unto

God, with full purpose of, and

endeavour after, new obedience.

Chapter 15 Outline

I. The recipients of repentance

Chapter 15 – Outline I. The recipients of repentance A. Those converted at riper years especially

A. Those converted at riper

years especially B. All believers generally

II. The nature of repentance

III. The continuance of

repentance

IV. The provision of repentance

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 1

Some of the elect are converted after their early years, having lived in the natural a state for a time and served various evil

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 1  Some of the elect are converted after their early years,

desires and pleasures. God gives these repentance to life as part of their effectual calling. 1

a: without the Spirit

15.1 The Recipients [Riper]

Titus 3:2-5 For we also once were foolish ourselves, disobedient, deceived, enslaved to various lusts and pleasures,

15.1 – The Recipients [Riper]  Titus 3:2-5 For we also once were foolish ourselves, disobedient,

spending our life in malice and envy,

hateful, hating one another. 4 But when the kindness of God our Savior and His love for mankind appeared, 5 He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but

according to His mercy, by the washing

of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit,

“Are only those

converted at riper years given repentance?

The answer of the Confession to the

question raised above is

clearly „No.‟ Both paragraphs 2 and 4 make

“Are only those converted at riper years given repentance? The answer of the Confession to the

clear that all believers

repent and thus are given

repentance. [cont.]

“The Confession makes this out of a

desire to distinguish repentance as a crisis experience from repentance as an

“The Confession makes this out of a desire to distinguish repentance as a crisis experience from

ordinary grace. All believers are marked

by ordinary grace, but not all believers will know, or need to know, repentance as a

crisis experience [i.e. Manasseh, Paul,

Philippian jailer]…

I believe our Baptist forefathers had

several practical concerns in making this

distinction. Chiefly, they wanted to make sure that no one could accuse them of

believing that all Christians [cont.]

“must have a crisis conversion like that of the Philippian jailor. They were saying, „Though we insist emphatically on personal conversion, we understand that

“must have a crisis conversion like that of the Philippian jailor. They were saying, „Though we

the experience of a child raised in a

Christian home may be quite different from that of one who is converted without the benefit of Christian nurture as a child.‟ Both converts will experience repentance,

but both may not have a crisis conversion

experience. [cont]

“…Do not doubt your salvation merely because you lack a crisis experience like that of some respected brother or sister

“…Do not doubt your salvation merely because you lack a crisis experience like that of some

in the Lord. Do not demand of others a

certain type of conversion experience as a necessary mark of true grace. An

emotional earthquake, radical, external

changes in one‟s life-style, knowing the exact time of one‟s rebirth, an extended

work of conviction by the law, immediate sudden joyall of these may accompany conversion, but none are necessary marks of true repentance.”

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 2

There is no one who does good and does not sin. 2 Even the best may fall into great sins and offenses, through the power and deceitfulness of the

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 2  There is no one who does good and does not

corruption in them, along with the

strength of temptation. Therefore, God has mercifully provided in the

covenant of grace that believers

who sin and fall will be renewed

15.2 The Recipients [All]

There is no one who does good and does not sin…

15.2 – The Recipients [All]  There is no one who does good and does not

Eccl. 7:20 Indeed, there is not a righteous man on earth who continually does good and who never sins.

Prov. 20:9 Who can say, “I have cleansed my heart, I am pure

from my sin”?

15.2 The Recipients [All]

…Even the best may fall into great sins and offenses, through the power and deceitfulness of the corruption in them, along with the strength of temptation…

15.2 – The Recipients [All]  …Even the best may fall into great sins and offenses,

2 Sam. 11:1-27 [King David] Luke 22:54-62 [Peter‟s Denial]

15.2 The Recipients [All]

…Therefore, God has mercifully provided in the covenant of grace

15.2 – The Recipients [All]  …Therefore, God has mercifully provided in the covenant of grace

that believers who sin and fall will be renewed through repentance to

salvation.

1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

15.2 The Recipients [All]

Luke 22:31-32 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded

15.2 – The Recipients [All]  Luke 22:31-32 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded permission to

permission to sift you like wheat; but I have prayed for you, that

your faith may not fail; and you,

when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.”

15.2 The Recipients [All]

Jer. 32:40 I will make an everlasting covenant with them that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; and I

15.2 – The Recipients [All]  Jer. 32:40 I will make an everlasting covenant with them

will put the fear of Me in their

hearts so that they will not turn away from Me.

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 3

This saving repentance is a gospel grace 4 in which those who are made aware by the Holy Spirit of

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 3  This saving repentance is a gospel grace in which those

the many evils of their sin, by faith in Christ humble themselves for it with

godly sorrow, hatred of it, and self- loathing. 5 They pray for pardon and strength of grace and determine and

endeavor by provisions from the Spirit to live before God in a well-pleasing way in everything. 6

5.3 Its Nature

This saving repentance is a gospel grace…

5.3 – Its Nature  This saving repentance is a gospel grace…  2 Tim. 2:14-15

2 Tim. 2:14-15 with gentleness correcting those who are in opposition, if perhaps God may

grant them repentance leading

to the knowledge of the truth,

5.3 Its Nature

Acts 5:31 He is the one whom God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior, to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

5.3 – Its Nature  Acts 5:31 He is the one whom God exalted to His

Acts 11:18 When they heard this, they quieted down and glorified

God, saying, “Well then, God has

granted to the Gentiles also the repentance that leads to life.”

5.3 What is being refuted?

“Lutheran‟s are wont [accustomed or in the habit] to stress the fact that repentance is wrought by the law and faith by the gospel. It

should be borne in mind,

however, that the two cannot be separated; they are simply complementary parts of the same process.”- p. 487

5.3 – What is being refuted?  “Lutheran‟s are wont [accustomed or in the habit] to

Rom. 2 3 But do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment

on those who practice such things and do the same yourself, that you will

 Rom. 2 But do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment on those

escape the judgment of God? 4 Or do you think lightly of the riches of His

kindness and tolerance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance? 5 But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath…

5.3 Its Nature

…in which those who are made aware by the Holy Spirit of the many evils of their sin, by faith in Christ humble themselves for it with godly sorrow, hatred of it, and self-loathing…

5.3 – Its Nature  …in which those who are made aware by the Holy Spirit

Ezek. 36:31 Then you will remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good, and you will loathe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and your abominations.

2 Cor. 7 10 For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation, but the sorrow of the world produces death. 11 For behold what earnestness this very thing, this

 2 Cor. 7 For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces

godly sorrow, has produced in you:

what vindication of yourselves, what

indignation, what fear, what longing,

what zeal, what avenging of wrong! In

everything you demonstrated yourselves to be innocent in the matter.

5.3 Godly Sorrow

Ps. 51 1 Be gracious to me, O God, according to Your lovingkindness; According to the greatness of Your compassion blot out my transgressions. 2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity

5.3 – Godly Sorrow  Ps. 51 Be gracious to me, O God, according to Your

And cleanse me from my sin. 3 For I know my transgressions, And my sin is ever before me. 4 Against You, You only, I have sinned And done what is evil in Your sight…

5.3 Godly Sorrow

Luke 15 17 But when he came to his senses, he said, „How many of my father‟s hired men have more than

5.3 – Godly Sorrow  Luke 15 But when he came to his senses, he said,

enough bread, but I am dying here with hunger! 18 I will get up and go to my father, and will say to him, “Father,

I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight; 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me as one of your hired men.”‟ 20 So he got up and came to his father…

5.3 Worldly Sorrow

Matt. 27 3 Then when Judas, who had betrayed Him, saw that He had been condemned, he felt remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, 4 saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.” But they said, “What is that to us? See to that yourself!” 5 …and he went away and hanged himself.

5.3 – Worldly Sorrow  Matt. 27 Then when Judas, who had betrayed Him, saw that

5.3 Its Nature

…They pray for pardon and strength of grace and determine and endeavor by provisions from the Spirit to live before God in a well- pleasing way in everything.

5.3 – Its Nature  …They pray for pardon and strength of grace and determine and

Ps. 119:128 Therefore I esteem right all Your precepts concerning everything, I hate every false way.

5.3 Its Nature

Prov. 28:13 He who conceals his transgressions will not prosper, But he who confesses and forsakes them will find compassion. Ps. 119:59 I considered my ways

5.3 – Its Nature  Prov. 28:13 He who conceals his transgressions will not prosper, But

And turned my feet to Your

testimonies.

Ps. 119:104 From Your precepts I get understanding; Therefore I hate every false way.

5.3 Its Nature

Luke 3:8 Therefore bear fruits in keeping with repentance, and do not begin to say to yourselves, „We have Abraham for our father,‟ for I

5.3 – Its Nature  Luke 3:8 Therefore bear fruits in keeping with repentance, and do

say to you that from these stones

God is able to raise up children to

Abraham.

5.3 Its Nature

Acts 26:20 but kept declaring both to those of Damascus first, and also at Jerusalem and then

5.3 – Its Nature  Acts 26:20 but kept declaring both to those of Damascus first,

throughout all the region of Judea, and even to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God,

performing deeds appropriate to repentance.

5.3 Its Nature

1 Thes. 1:9 For they themselves report about us what kind of a reception we had with you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve a living and true God,

5.3 – Its Nature  1 Thes. 1:9 For they themselves report about us what kind

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 4

Repentance must continue throughout our lives, because of the body of death and its activities. So it is everyone‟s duty to repent of each specific,

known sin specifically.

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 4  Repentance must continue throughout our lives, because of the body

Matt. 5:4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

5.4 Its Continuance

Luke 19:8 Zaccheus stopped and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, half of my possessions I will give to the poor,

5.4 – Its Continuance  Luke 19:8 Zaccheus stopped and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord,

and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will give back four times as much.”

1 Tim. 1:13 even though I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a

violent aggressor. Yet I was shown mercy because I acted ignorantly in

unbelief;

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 5

God has made full provision through Christ in the covenant of

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 5  God has made full provision through Christ in the covenant

grace to preserve believers in their

salvation. Thus, although there is no

sin so small that it is undeserving of

damnation, 8 yet there is no sin so great that it will bring damnation on those who repent. 9 This makes the constant preaching of repentance necessary.

5.5 Its Provision

God has made full provision through Christ in the covenant of

5.5 Its Provision  God has made full provision through Christ in the covenant of grace

grace to preserve believers in their

salvation. Thus, although there is no

sin so small that it is undeserving of

damnation…

Ps. 130:3 If You, LORD, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand?

5.5 Its Provision

Ps. 143:2 And do not enter into judgment with Your servant,

5.5 Its Provision  Ps. 143:2 And do not enter into judgment with Your servant, For

For in Your sight no man living is

righteous.

Rom. 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our

Lord.

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 5

…yet there is no sin so great that it will bring damnation on those who repent. 9 This makes the constant preaching of repentance necessary.

Chapter 15 - Paragraph 5  …yet there is no sin so great that it will

Is. 55:7 Let the wicked forsake his way And the unrighteous man his thoughts; And let him return to the LORD, And He will have compassion on him, And to our

God, For He will abundantly pardon.

5.5 Its Provision

Is. 1:16-18 Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; Remove the

5.5 Its Provision  Is. 1:16-18 Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; Remove the evil of your

evil of your deeds from My sight.

Cease to do evil, Learn to do good; Seek justice, Reprove the ruthless,

Defend the orphan, Plead for the

widow. “Come now, and let us reason together,” Says the Lord, “Though your

sins are as scarlet, They will be as white as snow; Though they are red

like crimson, They will be like wool.”

“REPENTANCE seems to be a bitter pill

to take, but it is to purge out the bad

humour of sin. By some Antinomian spirits it is cried down as a legal doctrine; but Christ himself preached it. „From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent,‟ &c.

“REPENTANCE seems to be a bitter pill to take, but it is to purge out the

Matt iv IT In his last farewell, when he was

ascending to heaven, he commanded that „Repentance should be preached in his name.‟ Luke xxiv 47. Repentance is a pure gospel grace. The covenant of works would

not admit of repentance; it cursed all that could not perform perfect and personal…

“obedience . Gal iii 10. Repentance comes in by the gospel; it is the fruit of

“obedience. Gal iii 10.

Repentance comes in by the gospel; it is the fruit of Christ‟s purchase that repenting

sinners shall be saved. It is wrought by the ministry of the

gospel, while it sets before

our eyes Christ crucified. It is not arbitrary, but necessary; there is no

being saved without it. „Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.‟ Luke xiii 3. We

may be thankful to God that he has left us

this plank after shipwreck.”