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Presented by: Satish Kulhariya Roll No.

- 4110364

Industrial Automation ..

Automation is a technique , which help to run the

domestic or industry process automatically. Industrial Automation means , it is a delegation of human control over technical equipment to carry out the process fast and reduce cost.

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER

It is a small computer used for automation of industrial process such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines. It is a black box with a no. of input and output. It can make decisions, store data, do timing cycles, convert codes etc. It uses in many industries and machines.

Major Components of a Common PLC


POWER SUPPLY

From SENSORS
Pushbuttons, contacts, switches, etc.

I M N O P D U U T L E

PROCESSOR

O U T P U T

M O D U L E

To OUTPUT
machines, valves, alarms etc.

PROGRAMMING DEVICE

Types of PLC

Modular type plc .

Non Modular type plc

PLC Operation
CHECK INPUT STATUS
EXECUTE PROGRAM

UPDATE OUTPUT STATUS

Software of plc
Allen Bradley Siemens Mitsubishi Schneider

Programming with PLC


PLC uses Ladder language for programming different machinery. The basic Ladder functions areEg.

PLC Communications
PLC communications facilities normally provides serial transmission of information.
Standards used : RS-232 RS-485

ADVANTAGES
Higher production.

Shorter process change times.


Stability and accuracy of control. Greater reliability and equipment life.

APPLICATIONS:
PLCs used in industries for automatic process control.
It mainly reduces the possibilities of human errors , so

highly used in industries for production process. Used in industries for higher efficiency & lesser time consumption. Used to ensure good quality of final products.

SCADA(Supervisary Control And Data Acquisition)


Scada is a software to control the hardware and plc operation. Scada is a control system for automated industrial process like water supplies. Scada is a availed in at operator station and operator control the parameters from the

station. To control the hardware for opening the valve and closing the valve.

Typical SCADA Platform


Operator Stations Microsoft Programming/Engineering Stations UNIX or Microsoft Enterprise PCs

WAN
Duel 100BaseT Ethernet

Communications Servers

Color Printer B & W Printer

SCADA/History/Application Servers

Web Interface Server RTU 50


Hub

Telecommunications Circuits (Multiple Protocols)

Hub

RTU 50

Hub

OPTOnet

Hub

Hub

RTU 10
Hub

Hub

IED

SCADA Components
Field Instrumentation
Sensors, devices to control.

Remote Terminal Units


RTU Vs. PLC.

Communications Network
Equipment needed to transfer data to and from different sites .

Central Monitoring Station


Collecting information gathered by the remote stations to generate the necessary action .

Software and company name


Wonder ware Allen bradley

Siemens
Schneider

In touch Rs view Win cc Citect

THANKS