Sei sulla pagina 1di 41

COGNITION

SOME INTERESTING OBSERVATIONS

PHYSICAL REALITY vs VIRTUAL REALITY


P.R. is thought to exist independent of an
observer (objectivite & unaccessible) V.R. creates the hypothetical image of physical reality (adequate signal to modalities)

So, what is more REAL?


2/23/2013 Student's Presentation 2

SOME INTERESTING OBSERVATIONS


EXPT ON COMMISSUROTOMIZED BRAIN

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

SOME INTERESTING OBSERVATIONS VENTRILOQUISM SHOWS

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

DEFINITION

What is COGNITION? Sensing


Interpreting

Decision-making

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

VISUAL COGNITION

HOW WE SEE?
a) Light: EM Wave, Frequency Range, Reflection

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

VISUAL COGNITION

HOW WE SEE?
b) Eye: Simple Receptor for Light stimuli

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

VISUAL COGNITION

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

VISUAL COGNITION
HOW WE SEE?
c) Brain: Receiving, Interpreting, Directing sensory information

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

VISUAL COGNITION
3 STRIKING OBSERVATIONS OF BRAIN:
Specific parts of visual cortex are responsible to specific visual stimuli (spatial frequency analysis)

Massive parallel distributed processing (PDP) of signals throughout the brain, iteratively and multi-modally
There are functional asymmetries between the two hemispheres of brain: Left more logical and analytical; while Right is more for organizing and synthesizing (art-related)
2/23/2013 Student's Presentation 10

VISUAL COGNITION
Referring back to the Commissurotomized Brain Experiment:

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

11

VISUAL COGNITION
Sequence of steps that we follow for Visual Cognition:

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

12

VISUAL COGNITION
Evolution of Human Eye and Brain:

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

13

VISUAL COGNITION
Saccadic Eye Movements (Scanpaths):

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

14

VISUAL COGNITION
Yarbus (1967): Will, Economic, Age, Activity, Clothing, Position, How long

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

15

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
1. Contours vs Ganzfeld

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

16

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
2. Gratings

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

17

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
3. Proximity (Gestalt Psychology)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

18

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
4. Similarity (Gestalt Psychology)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

19

VISUAL COGNITION

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

20

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
5. Continuation (Gestalt Psychology)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

21

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
6. Closure (Gestalt Psychology)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

22

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
7. Pragnanz (Gestalt Psychology)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

23

VISUAL COGNITION
PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE BASIC STIMULI TO IDENTIFIABLE PATTERNS:
8. Context / Schemata (Top Down Approach)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

24

VISUAL COGNITION
VISUAL DISSONANCE:

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

25

VISUAL COGNITION
DEPTH PERCEPTION:

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

26

VISUAL COGNITION

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

27

AURAL COGNITION HOW WE HEAR?


a) Sound: Mechanical Wave, Frequency Range, Diffraction

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

28

AURAL COGNITION HOW WE HEAR?


b) Ear: Convert Mech. vibration to Elec. impulses

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

29

AURAL COGNITION
Impedance Matching, Amplification, Equalization

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

30

AURAL COGNITION
Basilar Membrane and Tonotopic Frequency distribution

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

31

AURAL COGNITION
Auditory Masking

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

32

AURAL COGNITION
HOW WE HEAR?
c) Brain: Receiving, Interpreting, Directing sensory information

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

33

AURAL COGNITION
Tonotopic and Binaural Hearing (stripes of EE and EI)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

34

AURAL COGNITION
AUDITORY ANALOGUE FOR GESTALT THEORY

Figure-Ground vs Use-of-Silence Proximity-principle vs A regular interval


of Short-clicks (temporarily or spatially)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

35

AURAL COGNITION
PATTERN-MATCHING IN AUDITORY PERCEPTION

For weak signal, but strong in meaning (name,


soft signals for predators)

Previously learnt experience (Amygdala) Aggregate firing of the nerve cells together
with rate of firing match an earlier waveform (volley theory and place theory)
2/23/2013 Student's Presentation 36

AURAL COGNITION
QUALITY (SOUND, PRODUCT, TRANSMISSION) EXAMPLE OF A PSQ LIFE CYCLE:

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

37

RELATED APPLICATION AREAS


Medical Therapy (Binaural beats reduce anxiety)
Product Designing (like improvising PSQ)

HR initiatives (behaviour mapped to mind)


Improved acoustic environment and gadgets Making Weapons (unfortunately)

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

38

MULTIMODAL COGNITION
SYNESTHESIA
Colour: I realized that to make an R all I had to do was first write a P and draw a line down from its loop. And I was so surprised that I could turn a yellow letter into an orange letter just by adding a line Sound-Colour: My favorite music has lines that extend horizontally beyond the 'screen' area

Multimodal PDP more accurately defines the speed and correctness with which individuals perceive external stimulus Bayesian Model and Max Likelihood Estimation
2/23/2013 Student's Presentation 39

SOME ONGOING PROJECTS

BLUE BRAIN PROJECT DEVELOPING THE SIXTH SENSE EXPLORING ON AUGMENTED REALITY

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

40

COGNITION

THANK YOU

2/23/2013

Student's Presentation

41