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Adobe Photoshop CS4 Group 2

I. Adobe Photoshop Brief History II. What is Adobe Photoshop CS4 III. The Photoshop Interface IV. How to Open an Image V. Photoshop Toolbox VI. The Mechanics of Photoshop Application bar Menu bar Option Bar VII. How to use the basic toolbox VIII. Saving an Image X. Photoshop Installation

I. Brief History About Photoshop

Early history
In 1987, Thomas Knoll, a PhD student at the University of Michigan, began writing a program on his Macintosh Plus to display grayscale images on a monochrome display. This program, called Display, caught the attention of his brother John Knoll, an Industrial Light & Magic employee, who recommended Thomas turn it into a fully-fledged image editing program. Thomas took a six month break from his studies in 1988 to collaborate with his brother on the program, which had been renamed Image Pro. Later that year, Thomas renamed his program Photoshop and worked out a short-term deal with scanner manufacturer Barney scan to distribute copies of the program with a slide scanner; a "total of about 200 copies of Photoshop were shipped this way. During this time, John traveled to Silicon Valley and gave a demonstration of the program to engineers at Apple and Russell Brown, art director at Adobe. Both showings were successful, and Adobe decided to purchase the license to distribute in September 1988. While John worked on plug-ins in California, Thomas remained in Ann Arbor writing program code. Photoshop 1.0 was released in 1990 for Macintosh exclusively.

Photoshop has ties with other Adobe software for media editing, animation, and authoring. The .PSD (Photoshop Document), Photoshop's native format, stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop. These include layers with masks, color spaces, ICC profiles, transparency, text, alpha channels and spot colors, clipping paths, and duotone settings. This is in contrast to many other file formats (e.g. .EPS or .GIF) that restrict content to provide streamlined, predictable functionality. Photoshop's popularity means that the .PSD format is widely used, and it is supported to some extent by most competing software. The .PSD file format can be exported to and from Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Premiere Pro, and After Effects, to make professional standard DVDs and provide non-linear editing and special effects services, such as backgrounds, textures, and so on, for television, film, and the Web. Photoshop is a pixel-based image editor, unlike programs such as Macromedia FreeHand (now defunct), Adobe Illustrator, Inkscape or CorelDraw, which are vector-based image editors. Photoshop uses color models RGB, lab, CMYK, grayscale, binary bitmap, and duotone. Photoshop has the ability to read and write raster and vector image formats such as .EPS, .PNG,.GIF, .JPEG, and Adobe Fireworks.

Adobe Photoshop CS4

Photoshop CS4 features a new 3D engine allowing painting directly on 3D models, wrapping 2D images around 3D shapes, converting gradient maps to 3D objects, adding depth to layers and text, getting print-quality output with the new ray-tracing rendering engine. It supports common 3D formats; the new Adjustment and Mask Panels; Content-aware scaling (seam carving); Fluid Canvas Rotation and File display options .On 30 April, Adobe released Photoshop CS4 Extended, which includes all the same features of Adobe Photoshop CS4 with the addition of capabilities for scientific imaging, 3D, and high end film and video users. The successor to Photoshop CS3, Photoshop CS4 is the first 64-bit Photoshop on consumer computers (only on Windows the OS X version is still 32-bit only.)

The Photoshop Interface

Option Bar

Menu Bar

Open Adobe Bridge

Layout Option

Toolbox Single column view

Palettes In the closed Icon position only

How Open an Image

To open an existing file: Use the Adobe Bridge Click on Open or Brows

To open an image, click on File on the menu bar. To open an existing image, click on Open or Browse in Bridge then search for your image file. Once you have located the file you want, double clicking will open the file. You can also use the Adobe Bridge button in the Options Bar. Adobe Bridge is a separate program for searching and organizing the image files on your computer.

Marquee Tool Lasso Tool Crop Tool Spot Healing Brush Tool Stamp Tool Erase Tools Blur Tool Pen Tool Move Tool Magic Wand Eye Dropper tool Paint Tool History Brush tool Paint Bucket/Gradient Dodge tool Text tool Shape tool Zoom tool Switch color

Path Selection Tool

3D Rotate Hand Tool

Default colors

Background color
Quick Mask

Marquee tool- makes rectangular selections. Lasso tool- makes free hand or snap to selections Crop tool- crops the image Spot healing brush tool- removes blemishes from objects Stamp tool- clones an area of the image that is selected to be stamped. Erase tools- erase pixels Blur tool- blurs hard edges in images Pen tool- draws smooth edge path Path selection tool- makes shape or segments selections showing anchor points, direction lines and points

Hand tool- moves your image within the window

Move tool- moves selection, layers and guides Magic wand- selects an object using a color Eye dropper tool- samples colors in an image

Paint tool- paints brush strokes History brush tool- paints a copy of the selected state into the current image window Gradient tool- applies and colors gradients to an object or image
Dodge tool- lightens areas in images Text tool- creates text

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Shape tool- draws shapes and lines

Zoom tool- lest you zoom in or zoom out image

Application Bar

The Application bar provides quick access to Bridge and Mini Bridge, Arrange Documents, Zoom Level and Screen Mode options.

Menu Bar

The Menu bar contains all the functions available in Photoshop. By clicking a menu in the Menu bar, a dropdown list of tools or commands will appear. You can access the tools directly from the menu bar, from the Tools panel or you can customize your workspace to make your tools readily available as you are working in your work area.

Option Bar

The Option bar is where you can choose a wide variety of options to design and modify your image or text. The Options bar changes depending on what tool you have selected from the Tools panel. It will show the settings related to the tool you have selected. You can customize the settings for almost every tool in the tools panel.

How to use the basic toolbox (Demonstration)

Saving Files/Image Always save your original file before you alter it in any way. Once you open it in Photoshop use the Save As feature to save the file you are editing so you will always have the original to revert back to if necessary. While working on an image, you should save the file in .psd format (Photoshop Document). This file type retains the image layers and effects without flattening them so that you can go back and modify or edit your image at any time. Once you are finished with your work, you can Save as or Save for web the Photoshop file in a different format, depending on the purpose of the final image. When savings images for the web use these file formats: .gif If the picture is line art, has large areas of solid color and uses a limited color palette. .jpeg If the picture is a photograph or contains lots of different colors.

Installation Demonstration